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Flashcards in Book2 Deck (200):
1

annul

make void

2

elope

run away secretly with the intention of getting married

3

anodyne

drug that relieves pain or trouble; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement

4

anoint

consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)

5

anomalous

abnormal; irregular

6

anomaly

irregularity

7

anonymity

state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous

8

antagonism

hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist

9

antecede

precede

10

antecedents

preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background

11

antediluvian

antiquated; extremely ancient

12

anthem

song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem

13

anthology

book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus

14

anthropoid

manlike; resembling a human being; N.

15

anthropologist

student of the history and science of humankind

16

anthropomorphic

having human form or characteristics

17

anticlimax

letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting

18

antidote

remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles

19

antipathy

aversion; dislike or opposition

20

antiquated

obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated

21

antiseptic

substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.

22

antithesis

contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical

23

anvil

iron block used in hammering out metals

24

apathy

lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic

25

ape

imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)

26

aperture

opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light

27

apex

tip; summit; climax; highest point

28

aphasia

loss of speech due to injury or illness

29

aphorism

pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic

30

apiary

a place where bees are kept

31

hive

box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive

32

apiculture

bee-keeping

33

apiarist

person who keeps bees

34

aplomb

poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence

35

poise

good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position

36

apocalyptic

prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse

37

apocryphal

(of a story) widely believed but untrue

38

apogee

highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee

39

apolitical

having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs

40

apologist

one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia

41

apoplexy

stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain

42

apostate

one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy

43

apothecary

druggist; pharmacist

44

apothegm(apophthegm)

pithy, compact saying

45

apotheosis

elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something

46

appall

dismay; shock deeply

47

apparition

ghost; phantom

48

appease

pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement

49

appellation

name; title

50

append

attach

51

application

diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself

52

apposite

appropriate; fitting

53

appraise

estimate value of; N. appraisal

54

appreciate

be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference

55

apprehend

arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension

56

apprehensive

fearful; discerning

57

apprise

inform

58

approbation

approval

59

appropriate

acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate

60

appurtenances

subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing

61

apropos

with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.

62

aptitude

fitness; talent

63

aquiline

curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose

64

arable

fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land

65

arbiter

person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware

66

arbitrary

unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler

67

arbitrate

act as judge (at the request of both sides)

68

arboretum

place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited

69

arboreal

of or living in trees

70

arcade

a covered passageway usually lined with shops

71

arcane

esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener

72

archaeology

study of artifacts and relics of early mankind

73

archaic

antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.

74

archetype

prototype; primitive pattern

75

arch-

chief; first; Ex. archbishop

76

archipelago

group of closely located islands

77

archives

public records; place where public records are kept

78

ardor

heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent

79

arduous

hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work

80

argot

slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people

81

aria

operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio

82

arid

(of land) dry; barren; unproductive

83

aristocracy

hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat

84

armada

fleet of warships

85

aromatic

fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell

86

arraign

charge in court; indict

87

array

marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array

88

arrears

being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done

89

arrhythmic

lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia

90

arrogance

pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)

91

arroyo

gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater

92

artery

blood-vessel; CF. vein

93

articulate

effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints

94

arsenal

storage place for military equipment

95

artifacts

object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced

96

artifice

deception; trickery

97

artisan

a manually skilled worker

98

artless

without guile; open and honest

99

ascendancy

controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant

100

ascertain

find out for certain; make certain

101

ascetic

practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism

102

ascribe

refer; attribute; assign

103

aseptic

preventing infection; having a cleansing effect

104

ashen

ash-colored; deadly pale

105

asinine

stupid; Ex. asinine remarks

106

askance

with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at

107

askew

crookedly; slanted; at an angle

108

asperity

sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter

109

aspersion

slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on

110

aspirant

seeker after position or status

111

aspire

seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership

112

assail

assault

113

assay

analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)

114

assent

agree; accept; N. assessment

115

assert

state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence

116

assiduous

diligent

117

assimilate

absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)

118

assuage

mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)

119

assumption

something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume

120

regent

a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent

121

assurance

firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty

122

asteroid

small planet

123

astigmatism

eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism

124

astral

relating to the stars

125

astringent

binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism

126

astronomical

enormously large or extensive

127

astute

wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage

128

asunder

into parts; apart; V. sunder

129

asylum

place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)

130

asymmetric

not identical on both sides of a dividing central line

131

atavism

resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic

132

atheistic

denying the existence of God; N. atheism

133

atone

make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for

134

atrocity

brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious

135

atrophy

wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)

136

attentive

alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration

137

attenuate

make thin; weaken

138

attest

testify; bear witness

139

attribute

essential quality; V: ascribe; explain

140

attrition

rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition

141

atypical

not normal; not typical

142

audacious

daring; bold; N. audacity

143

audit

examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.

144

augment

increase; add to

145

augury

omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)

146

august

impressive; majestic

147

aureole

sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light

148

auroral

pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis

149

auspicious

favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices

150

austere

forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity

151

authenticate

prove genuine

152

authoritarian

subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father

153

authoritative

having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive

154

autocratic

having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy

155

automaton

mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself

156

autonomous

self-governing; N. autonomy

157

autopsy

examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.

158

auxiliary

offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant

159

avalanche

great mass of falling snow and ice

160

avarice

greediness for wealth

161

avenge

take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.

162

aver

state confidently; declare as true

163

averse

reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work

164

aversion

firm dislike

165

avert

prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.

166

aviary

enclosure for birds; large cage

167

avid

greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity

168

avocation

secondary or minor occupation

169

avow

declare openly; N. avowal

170

avuncular

of or like an uncle

171

awe

solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome

172

awful

terrible; very bad

173

awl

pointed tool used for piercing

174

awry

distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.

175

axiom

self-evident truth requiring no proof

176

azure

sky blue

177

babble

chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.

178

bacchanalian

drunken

179

bacchanal

noisy party with a lot of drinking

180

Bacchanalia

the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus

181

badger

pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal

182

badinage

teasing conversation; banter; joking talk

183

baffle

frustrate; perplex

184

bait

harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals

185

baleful

evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look

186

balk

stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate

187

ballast

heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast

188

balm

something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees

189

pang

sudden sharp feeling of pain

190

balmy

soft and mild (of air); fragrant

191

banal

hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed

192

bandy

discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with

193

bane

posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous

194

bantering

joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter

195

barb

sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark

196

bard

poet

197

barefaced

shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie

198

unregenerate

making no attempt to change one's bad practices

199

baroque

highly ornate

200

barrage

barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism