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Flashcards in Book6 Deck (200):
1

creed

system of religious or ethical belief

2

crescendo

increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent

3

far-fetched

too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story

4

overture

musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace

5

crestfallen

dejected; dispirited

6

crest

top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird

7

crevice

crack; fissure

8

cringe

shrink back as if in fear; cower

9

criteria

standards used in judging; CF. criterion

10

crone

hag; ugly old woman

11

crotchety

(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion

12

crux

essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance

13

crypt

secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)

14

cryptic

mysterious; hidden; secret

15

cubicle

small chamber used for sleeping or work

16

compartment

one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided

17

cuisine

style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine

18

culinary

relating to cooking or kitchen

19

cull

pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.

20

culmination

highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war

21

culpable

deserving blame; blameworthy

22

culprit

one guilty of a crime

23

culvert

artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road

24

cumbersome

heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform

25

cumulative

growing by addition; accumulative

26

cupidity

greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid

27

curator

superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)

28

curmudgeon

churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person

29

cursive

(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined

30

cursory

casual; hastily done with little attention to detail

31

curtail

shorten; reduce

32

cynical

skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness

33

cynosure

object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor

34

dabble

work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid

35

dais

raised platform for speakers or other important people

36

dally

trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time

37

dank

damp; unpleasantly wet

38

dapper

neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry

39

dappled

spotted

40

daub

smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint

41

smear

spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing

42

smudge

dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; V.

43

daunt

intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten

44

dauntless

bold; fearless

45

dawdle

loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing

46

deadlock

standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate

47

standstill

condition of no movement or activity; stop

48

deadpan

wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face

49

dearth

scarcity

50

d\'eb\^acle

sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster

51

debase

degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement

52

kneel

go down on one's knee(s)

53

debauch

corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)

54

seduce

lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive

55

debilitate

weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble

56

bout

match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu

57

debonair

(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition

58

d\'ebris

rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed

59

debunk

expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule

60

debutante

young woman making formal entrance into society

61

debut

d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society

62

decadence

decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent

63

decant

pour off gently (wine or liquid)

64

decapitate

behead

65

decelerate

slow down

66

deciduous

falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth

67

decimate

kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of

68

decipher

decode; CF. indecipherable

69

declivity

downward slope

70

d\'ecollet\'e

(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)

71

decree

authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree

72

decomposition

decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts

73

decorum

propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct

74

decorous

proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)

75

decoy

lure or bait; V.

76

decrepitude

state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age

77

decrepit

weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man

78

decry

express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films

79

deducible

derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning

80

deface

mar; disfigure

81

mar

spoil the appearance of

82

defame

harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory

83

default

failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.

84

defeatist

resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism

85

defection

desertion

86

defect

shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)

87

defer

give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous

88

deference

courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery

89

defiance

refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant

90

defile

pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains

91

definitive

most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court

92

deflect

turn aside; turn away from a straight course

93

defoliate

destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant

94

defray

provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay

95

defrock

strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock

96

frock

long loose garment (worn by monks)

97

deft

neat; skillful

98

defunct

dead; no longer in use or existence

99

degenerate

become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person

100

degradation

humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank

101

dishonor

disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable

102

dehydrate

remove water from; dry out

103

deify

turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity

104

deign

condescend; stoop

105

stoop

bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying

106

delete

erase; strike out

107

deleterious

harmful

108

deliberate

consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow

109

delineate

portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation

110

delirium

mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious

111

delta

flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river

112

delude

deceive

113

deluge

flood; rush; V.

114

delusion

false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that

115

delusive

deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises

116

delve

dig; search deeply; investigate

117

demagogue

person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery

118

demean

disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave

119

demeanor

behavior; bearing

120

demented

insane

121

demise

death

122

demographic

related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population

123

demolition

destruction; V. demolish

124

demoniac(demoniacal)

fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil

125

fiend

evil spirit; devil

126

demotic

of or pertaining to the people

127

demur

object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday

128

demure

(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure

129

denigrate

blacken; defame

130

denizen

(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor

131

denotation

meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation

132

d\'enouement

final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained

133

denounce

condemn; criticize; N. denunciation

134

depict

portray

135

expos\'e

public revelation of something discreditable

136

deplete

reduce; exhaust

137

deplore

regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition

138

deploy

spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically

139

battalion

army unit made up of four or more companies

140

depose

dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify

141

deposition

testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning

142

depravity

extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave

143

deprecate

express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory

144

depreciate

lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value

145

depredation

plundering; destruction

146

deranged

insane

147

institute

organization for a special purpose; V: establish

148

institution

instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage

149

institutionalize

make into an institution; put or confine in an institution

150

derelict

negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person

151

dereliction

neglect of duty; abandonment

152

deride

ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect

153

derision

ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory

154

derivative

unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.

155

derivation

deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word

156

dermatologist

one who studies the skin and its diseases

157

acne

skin disease (on the face)

158

derogatory

expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage

159

descry

catch sight of (something distant)

160

desecrate

profane; violate the sanctity of

161

violate

break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves

162

desiccate

dry up

163

desolate

(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless

164

desolate

make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert

165

desperado

reckless, desperate outlaw

166

desperate

having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort

167

despise

look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful; ADJ. despicable: contemptible

168

despoil

plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village

169

despondent

without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection

170

despot

tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism

171

destitute

extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience

172

impoverish

make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil

173

desultory

aimless; haphazard; digressing at random

174

detached

emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment

175

detain

keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention

176

determinate

having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final

177

determination

resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision

178

deterrent

something that discourages or deters

179

detonation

explosion

180

detraction

slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor

181

detrimental

harmful; damaging; N. detriment

182

deviate

turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism

183

devious

roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route

184

devise

think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest

185

devoid

empty; lacking

186

devolve

deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to

187

deputize

work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away

188

devotee

enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach

189

devout

pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope

190

dexterous

skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity

191

diabolical

diabolic; devilish; fiendish

192

diadem

crown

193

dialectical

relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments

194

diaphanous

sheer; transparent

195

diatribe

bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse

196

dichotomy

division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)

197

dictum

authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)

198

didactic

(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism

199

die

metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice

200

diffidence

shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident