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Flashcards in Book9 Deck (200):
1

executor

person designated to execute the terms of a will

2

executioner

person administering capital punishment

3

executive

person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing

4

legislature

legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws

5

judiciary

judicial branch of government

6

exegesis

explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages

7

exemplary

serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model

8

exemplify

show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.

9

exempt

not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.

10

exertion

effort; expenditure of much physical work; V. exert oneself: make a great effort

11

exhale

breathe out; OP. inhale

12

exhilarating

invigorating and refreshing; cheering; V. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; Ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car

13

exhort

urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation

14

urge

drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action

15

urgent

compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands

16

exhume

dig out of the ground; remove from a grave

17

exigency

urgent situation; ADJ. exigent

18

exiguous

small in amount; minute

19

existential

pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism

20

exodus

departure (of a large number of people)

21

exonerate

acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt

22

exorbitant

(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds

23

exorcise

drive out evil spirits

24

exotic

not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress

25

intrigue

make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair

26

expansive

(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size

27

outgoing

sociable; eager to mix socially with others

28

expatiate

talk at length; speak or write in detail

29

expatriate

exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country

30

expedient

suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient

31

expedite

hasten; make go faster

32

expeditious

done with speed; quick; N. expedition

33

expenditure

payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy

34

expertise

specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill

35

expiate

make amends for (a sin)

36

expletive

meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word

37

interjection

exclamation; Ex. "Ouch''

38

swear

vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words

39

swear-word

word considered offensive; Ex. "bloody''

40

oath

solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. "For Christ's sake''

41

explicate

explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable

42

explicit

totally clear; definite; outspoken

43

exploit

brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean

44

exploit

make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation

45

expository

explanatory; serving to explain; N. exposition: explaining; exhibition

46

expostulation

protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate

47

exposure

risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption

48

expound

explain

49

expropriate

take possession of (often for public use and without payment)

50

expunge

cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase

51

expurgate

clean; remove offensive parts of a book

52

extant

(of something written or painted) still in existence

53

extemporaneous

not planned; impromptu; extempore

54

extenuate

weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)

55

extirpate

root up; uproot; destroy completely

56

extol

praise very highly; glorify

57

extort

wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant

58

wring

twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)

59

extradition

surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite

60

extraneous

not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject

61

extrapolation

projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information

62

extricate

free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle

63

extrinsic

external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic

64

extrovert

person interested mostly in external objects and actions

65

mingle

mix together in close association

66

extrude

force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die

67

exuberance

overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly

68

glow

shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color

69

exude

flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation

70

ooze

(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river

71

exult

rejoice

72

fabricate

build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society

73

facade(fa\c{c}ade)

front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance

74

facet

small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side

75

facetious

joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous

76

facile

easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility

77

facilitate

help bring about; make less difficult

78

facsimile

copy

79

faction

party; clique (within a large group); dissension

80

dissension

disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group

81

factious

inclined to form factions; causing dissension

82

factitious

artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears

83

factotum

handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything

84

faculty

mental or bodily powers; teaching staff

85

fallacious

false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument

86

fallible

liable to err

87

falsify

make (something written) false by changing

88

fallow

(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated

89

sow

plant or scatter seed

90

falter

hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.

91

stumble

trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; N.

92

fanaticism

excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic

93

fancied

imagined; unreal

94

fancier

breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest, as for raising specific plant or animal

95

fanciful

whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme

96

fancy

imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; V: imagine; be fond of; ADJ. decorative; elaborate

97

fanfare

call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display

98

farce

broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical

99

fastidious

difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky

100

squeamish

easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.

101

fatalism

belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death

102

fathom

comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water

103

fathomless

too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable

104

fatuous

smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness

105

fauna

animals of a period or region; CF. flora

106

fawning

courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness

107

court

attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster

108

faze

disconcert; dismay; embarrass

109

feasible

practical; able to be carried out; practicable

110

febrile

feverish

111

fecundity

fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young

112

fertile

producing many young, fruits, or seeds; (of land) producing good crops; V. fertilize

113

fruitful

producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance

114

feign

pretend

115

feint

trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.

116

shift

change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group

117

felicitous

(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen

118

felicity

happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous

119

feline

of a member of the cat family; N.

120

fell

cruel; (of a disease) deadly

121

fell

cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)

122

felon

person convicted of a grave crime; CF. felony: serious crime

123

feral

(of an animal) not domestic; wild

124

ferment

agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)

125

fermentation

chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation

126

ferret

drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; Ex. ferret out the secret; N. small fierce animal which catches rats and rabbits by going into their holes

127

fervent

ardent; zealous; hot

128

fervid

ardent; zealous; hot

129

impassioned

(of speech) filled with passion; fervent

130

fervor

glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat

131

fester

rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.

132

festive

joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival

133

fete(f\^ete)

honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast

134

fetid(foetid)

malodorous; foul

135

foul

very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul

136

fetish(fetich)

object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism

137

fetter

shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot

138

fiasco

total failure; CF. bottle

139

fiat

command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done

140

fickle

changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless

141

fictitious

imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional

142

fidelity

loyalty; accuracy

143

figment

invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination

144

figurative

not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech

145

figure

written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.

146

figurine

small ornamental statuette(very small statue)

147

filch

steal (things of small value)

148

pilfer

steal things of small value; filch; snitch

149

filial

pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect

150

filibuster

block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter

151

freebooter

pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich

152

bust

piece of sculpture showing a person's head, shoulders, and upper chest; V: break up; arrest; Ex. crimebuster

153

filigree

delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork

154

lace

cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace

155

filing

particle removed by a file

156

finale

conclusion; concluding part

157

finesse

delicate skill; V: handle with finesse

158

finicky

too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; Ex. finicky about her food

159

fussy

fastidious; finicky; easily upset

160

fuss:

trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby

161

finite

limited

162

firebrand

piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble

163

hothead

person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded

164

fissure

crevice; crack

165

fitful

spasmodic; intermittent; irregular

166

fit

sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy

167

flaccid

flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles

168

limp

walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak

169

flag

droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging

170

droop

bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.

171

flagrant

conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous

172

outrage

act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive

173

flail

beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle

174

thresh

beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw

175

toss

throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something

176

flair

talent

177

flamboyant

ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame

178

flaunt

display ostentatiously; Ex. ``Honey, if you've got it, flaunt it !''

179

flay

strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly

180

fleck

spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot

181

fledgling(fledgeling)

inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person

182

fleece

wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder

183

shear

remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors

184

trickster

person who cheats people

185

flick

light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch

186

flicker

burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement

187

flutter

(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.

188

flinch

hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.

189

flippant

lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy

190

flip

send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over

191

flit

fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower

192

floe

flat mass of floating ice

193

flora

plants of a region or era

194

florescence

condition or period of flowering

195

florid

ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose

196

flush

redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing

197

blush

become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.

198

tinge

give a slight degree of a color or quality to; N: slight degree of a color or quality; Ex. tinged with grey/jealousy

199

tint

slight degree of color; V: give a tint to

200

flowery

full of flowers; full of ornate expressions