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Flashcards in Book20 Deck (200):
1

remnant

remainder

2

remonstrate

protest; objection; V. remonstrate: say in protest

3

remorse

deep regret for wrongdoing; guilt; self-reproach

4

remunerative

(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid; V. remunerate: reward; pay (someone) for work or trouble

5

rend

split; tear apart; N. rent; CF. heartrending: causing deep sorrow

6

render

give; deliver; provide; represent in verbal or artistic form; depict; perform; make; translate; Ex. render the song beautifully

7

rendezvous

meeting place; meeting at a set time or place; V.

8

rendition

rendering; translation; artistic interpretation of a song, etc

9

renegade

deserter; traitor; ADJ.

10

renege

break a promise; deny; go back on; Ex. renege on the contract/paying off the debt

11

renounce

abandon; give up (by formal announcement); disown; repudiate; Ex. renounce one's claim to the property/one's religion; N. renunciation

12

renovate

restore to good condition; renew

13

renown

fame; ADJ. renowned

14

herald

messenger; sign of something to come; V: announce; proclaim; Ex. unheralded researcher

15

rent

tear made by rending; rip; split

16

reparable

capable of being repaired

17

reparation

compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; Ex. make reparation for the damage; CF. repair

18

repartee

quick clever reply

19

repast

meal; feast; banquet

20

repeal

revoke; annul

21

repel

drive away; disgust; Ex. repel the attack/moisture; Ex. repelled by the dirty room; CF. repulsion

22

repellent

driving away; disgusting; offensive; repulsive; unattractive; N.

23

repercussion

rebound; reaction; reverberation; Ex. serious repercussion

24

repertoire

list of works of music, drama, etc., a performer is prepared to present; CF. repertory

25

repine

fret; complain; be annoyed; Ex. repine over the undone work

26

replenish

fill up again

27

replete

fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors

28

memoir

memoirs; autobiography; biography

29

brim

uppermost edge of a cup; projecting rim (as on a hat); Ex. The glass was full to the brim; V: be full to the brim

30

replica

copy

31

replicate

reproduce; duplicate

32

repository

storehouse

33

repose

resting; state of being at rest; calmness; V: lie at rest; relax; put or place; Ex. repose our hopes in a single man

34

reprehensible

deserving blame; blameworthy; V. reprehend: blame

35

repress

hold back (the natural expression of); restrain; crush; oppress; Ex. repressed child; Ex. repress a laugh/rebellion

36

reprieve

postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; V: postpone or cancel the punishment of

37

reprimand

reprove severely; rebuke; N.

38

reprisal

retaliation

39

reprise

musical repetition; repeating of a piece of music; repeat performance; recurrent action; Ex. reprise in the finale; Ex. constant reprises

40

reproach

blame (not angrily but sadly); express disapproval or disappointment; N. ADJ. reproachful

41

reprobate

morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?

42

reprobation

severe disapproval; CF. approbation

43

reprove

censure; rebuke; N. reproof

44

repudiate

disown; disavow; deny

45

repugnance

disgust; strong dislike; loathing; ADJ. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive

46

repulsion

distaste; disgust; act of driving back; ADJ. repulsive: causing disgust; tending to drive away; V. repel (not `repulse')

47

repulse

reject with rudeness or coldness (an offer or friendship); drive back (an enemy attack); CF. repulse $\neq$ cause repulsion

48

reputable

respectable; having a good reputation

49

reputed

supposed; Ex. reputed father of the child; V. repute: consider; N. repute: reputation; esteem

50

requiem

mass for the dead; dirge

51

mass

Christian religious ceremony; CF. Mass: ceremony of the Eucharist

52

requisite

necessary requirement; something required; ADJ: required; necessary

53

requisition

formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.

54

requite

make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal

55

rescind

repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)

56

resentment

indignation; bitterness; displeasure; V. resent: feel anger about

57

reserve

self-control; self-restraint; formal but distant manner; reticence; Ex. without reserve: freely and openly; ADJ. reserved: shy and uncommunicative

58

residue

remainder; balance

59

residual

remaining; left over; of a residue; N: residue

60

resignation

patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent

61

resign

give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively

62

resilient

elastic; having the power of springing back; able to recover quickly (as from misfortune)

63

elastic

able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; Ex. elastic plans; N: elastic material

64

resolution

determination; resoluteness; ADJ. resolute: firm or determined in purpose

65

resolve

determination; resolution; firmness of purpose

66

resolve

decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution

67

resonant

(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance

68

resound

(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter

69

respiration

breathing; exhalation; ADJ. respiratory

70

respite

time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve

71

resplendent

brilliant; splendid in appearance; dazzling; glorious

72

responsiveness

state of reacting readily to appeals, orders, etc.; ADJ. responsive: readily reacting; Ex. responsive to treatment

73

restitution

returning something (lost or stolen) to the rightful owner; reparation; indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury

74

restive

impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; Ex. restive horses because of wolves; CF. not a general synonym for `restless'

75

restraint

moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction

76

resumption

taking up again; recommencement; V. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; Ex. Kindly resume your seats.

77

resurge

rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence; ADJ. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again

78

resurrect

revive

79

resuscitate

revive; bring back to life or consciousness; Ex. resuscitate the drowned child

80

retain

keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor

81

retaliate

repay in kind (usually for bad treatment); V. retaliate

82

retentive

holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory

83

reticent

inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence

84

retinue

following; attendants

85

retiring

shy and reserved (of a person); modest; Ex. her retiring personality

86

retort

quick sharp reply; V.

87

retract

withdraw; take back; draw back; Ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; N. retraction; CF. retractile

88

retrench

cut down; cut down expenses; economize

89

retribution

deserved punishment for wrongdoing; punishment for offenses; compensation; vengeance; CF. pay back

90

retrieve

recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation

91

retroactive

taking effect before its enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a tax); (of a law) having effect on the past as well as the future

92

enact

make (a bill) into law

93

retrograde

go backwards; recede; degenerate; deteriorate; ADJ.

94

retrospective

looking back on the past; N. retrospection; V. retrospect

95

revelry

boisterous merrymaking; V. revel: engage boisterous festivities; enjoy greatly; N: boisterous festivity or celebration

96

reverberate

echo repeatedly; resound; Ex. The thunder reverberated across the valley.

97

reverent

respectful; worshipful; V. revere: regard with reverence; N. reverence: profound respect

98

reverend

deserving reverence; N: priest

99

reverie

daydream; abstracted musing

100

revert

relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; N. reversion

101

relapse

return to a former state (esp. after improvement); N.

102

backslide

revert (to bad habits); N. reverter

103

revile

attack with abusive language; vilify(slander)

104

revoke

cancel; retract; CF. irrevocable

105

revulsion

sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; Ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture

106

rhapsodize

speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner; Ex. rhapsodize over the beauty of the scenery

107

rhapsody

excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)

108

rhetoric

art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who knows it ?''

109

ribald

marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke

110

riddle

pierce with holes; permeate or spread throughout; Ex. The gunman riddled the car with bullets; Ex. The whole report is riddled with errors; N. large sieve (separating earth from stone)

111

rider

amendment or clause added to a legislative bill

112

rife

(of something bad) widespread; abundant; current

113

rift

narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation

114

rig

fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; Ex. rig the election

115

rig

arrangement of masts and sails; V: equip (a ship) with rigging; ADJ. rigging: ropes that hold up a ship's sails

116

rigid

hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule

117

rigor

severity; Ex. rigors of the Russian winter

118

rile

irritate; vex; muddy

119

riveting

holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing

120

rivet

metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross

121

rivulet

small stream; CF. rill < rivulet < river

122

robust

strong; vigorous

123

rococo

ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century

124

roil

make liquids murky by stirring up sediment; disturb

125

roseate

rosy; optimistic; Ex. roseate views

126

roster

list (of names)

127

rostrum

raised platform for speech-making; pulpit

128

pulpit

raised platform used in preaching (in a church)

129

rote

repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote

130

rotunda

circular building or hall covered with a dome

131

rotundity

roundness; sonorousness of speech

132

rotund

(of a person) fat and round

133

rousing

lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up

134

rout

put to rout; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat

135

stampede

sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); V: participate in or cause stampede; Ex. stampede before the price rises

136

rubble

fragments (esp. from a destroyed building)

137

mason

one who builds or works with stone or brick; N. masonry: work of a mason; stonework or brickwork

138

rubric

title or heading (in red print); directions for religious ceremony; protocol

139

ruddy

reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking

140

rudimentary

elementary; not developed; crude; N. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; Ex. rudiments of the language

141

rue

regret; lament; mourn; Ex. He will rue the day; N. ADJ. rueful

142

ruffian

violent scoundrel; bully

143

ruminate

chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)

144

ruminant

animal that ruminates; ADJ.

145

rummage

ransack; thoroughly search

146

runic

mysterious; set down in an ancient alphabet; N. rune: one of the letters of an alphabet used by ancient Germanic peoples (cut on stone or wood); magic charm

147

ruse

trick to deceive; stratagem

148

rustic

pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person

149

rusticate

banish to the country; dwell in the country

150

ruthless

pitiless; merciless; cruel

151

saboteur

one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property; N. sabotage: destruction of property (usually carried out secretly)

152

saccharine

cloying sweet; characteristic of sugar or saccharin

153

sacrilegious

desecrating; profane; N. sacrilege: desecration, misuse, or theft of something sacred

154

sacrosanct

invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable

155

sadistic

inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty

156

saga

Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative

157

sagacious

wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity

158

sage

person celebrated for wisdom; wise person; ADJ: wise

159

salacious

lascivious; lustful; Ex. salacious monk

160

salient

prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features

161

saline

salty

162

sallow

(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking; sickly in color; Ex. sallow complexion due to jaundice

163

salubrious

healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health

164

salutary

tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health

165

salvage

rescue (goods or property) from loss; N: saving; property saved

166

sanctimonious

displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; N. sanctimony: hypocritical piety

167

sanction

approve; ratify; N: permission; penalty intended to enforce compliance

168

sanctuary

place of refuge; shelter; shrine; holy place; Ex. The outlaw was granted sanctuary in the church.

169

sanguinary

bloody; with much bloodshed

170

sanguine

optimistic; cheerful; hopeful; of the color of blood; red

171

sap

diminish; weaken; undermine the foundations of (a fortification); Ex. The element kryptonite sapped his strength.

172

sarcasm

cutting ironic remark; scornful remarks; stinging rebuke; ADJ. sarcastic

173

sardonic

scornfully mocking; disdainful; sarcastic; cynical; Ex. sardonic smile

174

sartorial

pertaining to tailors or tailoring; Ex. a man of great sartorial elegance; CF. sartor: tailor

175

sate

satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy

176

doze

sleep lightly; nap

177

satellite

small body revolving around a larger one

178

satiate

satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated

179

satire

form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly

180

satirical

using satire; mocking

181

saturate

soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity

182

saturnine

morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.

183

satyr

half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysus (resembling a goat), portrayed as wanton(unrestrained) and cunning; lecher; CF. faun; CF. goat: lecherous man

184

saunter

stroll(go for a leisurely walk) slowly; N.

185

savant

scholar; learned person; CF. savoir: know

186

savor

enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality

187

savory

pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation

188

scabbard

case for a sword blade; sheath

189

scad

a great quantity; Ex. scads of clothes

190

scaffold

temporary platform for workers (to work at heights above the ground); bracing framework; platform for execution

191

scale

climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones

192

scanty

meager; insufficient

193

scapegoat

someone who bears the blame for others; whipping boy; CF. escape+goat

194

scavenge

hunt through discarded materials for usable items or food; search, especially for food; N. scavenger: one who scavenges; animal that feeds on refuse and carrion

195

refuse

anything discarded or rejected as worthless; trash

196

scenario

plot outline; screenplay(script for a movie); opera libretto; outline of possible future events

197

schematic

of a schema or scheme; relating to an outline or diagram; using a system of symbols; N. schema: diagrammatic representation; outline

198

scheme

systematic plan; plot; clever dishonest plan; orderly arrangement of elements; Ex. health insurance scheme; Ex. a scheme to escape taxes; Ex. a color scheme; Ex. a story with no scheme; V: contrive a scheme

199

schism

division into factions (esp. within a religious body); split

200

scintilla

trace; minute amount; shred; least bit; Ex. There is not a scintilla of truth; CF. spark