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Flashcards in Book14 Deck (200):
1

crochet

make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet

2

knoll

little round hill; hillock

3

knotty

intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot

4

kudos

honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement

5

entourage

group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround

6

labile

likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability

7

laborious

demanding much work or care; tedious

8

labyrinth

maze

9

laceration

torn ragged wound; V. lacerate: tear (the skin as with broken glass); wound

10

rip

tear or be torn quickly and violently; Ex. The sail ripped under the force of the wind; N.

11

rag

scrap of cloth; ADJ. ragged: old and torn; seeming unfinished and imperfect; Ex. ragged debut/performance

12

lachrymose

producing tears; tearful

13

lackadaisical

lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid

14

halfhearted

exhibiting little interest or enthusiasm

15

lackluster

lacking luster(shine; gloss); dull

16

laconic

brief and to the point; using few words; terse

17

laggard

slow; sluggish; N: one who lags; straggler

18

lag

move or develop more slowly; straggle; Ex. lag behind the rest; N.

19

straggle

stray or fall behind (a main group); spread out in a scattered group; Ex. straggling marathon racer; Ex. straggling branch

20

lagoon

shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs

21

laity

laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy

22

layman

man who is not a cleric; man who is nonprofessional

23

lament

grieve; express sorrow; N. lamentation

24

lampoon

ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution

25

lancet

small surgical tool for making incisions

26

lance

pierce with a lance; cut into; N: spearlike weapon

27

languid

lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless

28

languish

lose animation or strength

29

languor

lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression

30

lank

long and thin; Ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln

31

lap

take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; Ex. waves lapping the shore; N: front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person

32

larceny

theft; Ex. petit larceny

33

larder

pantry; place where food is kept

34

largess

generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)

35

lascivious

lustful

36

lust

intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.

37

lassitude

languor; weariness; listlessness

38

latent

present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential

39

lateral

of or coming from the side

40

latitude

freedom from narrow limitations

41

laud

praise; N. ADJ. laudable: praiseworthy; ADJ. laudatory: expressing praise

42

lavish

liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance

43

lax

careless; negligent; not paying enough attention; Ex. lax service

44

leaven

add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; N: agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens

45

enliven

make lively or spirited; animate

46

lechery

gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man

47

lectern

reading desk or stand for a public speaker

48

leery

(of someone) suspicious; wary; cautious

49

leeway

room to move; margin; latitude; Ex. leeway for the deadline

50

margin

border; room; allowance beyond what is needed; Ex. margin of safety

51

marginal

of a margin; barely within a limit; Ex. marginal effect/writing ability

52

legacy

gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor

53

legend

explanatory list of symbols on a map

54

legerdemain

sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of hand

55

leniency

mildness; permissiveness; ADJ. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment

56

permissive

allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society

57

leonine

like a lion

58

lethal

deadly

59

lethargic

drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity

60

levee

earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise

61

levitate

rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light

62

levity

lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner

63

levy

impose (a fine); collect (a payment); impose or collect (a tax); Ex. levy a tax on tobacco

64

lewd

lustful

65

lexicographer

compiler of a dictionary; CF. lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary

66

lexicon

dictionary

67

liability

drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility; condition of being liable; ADJ. liable: likely; responsible (for paying)

68

liaison

contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between; secret love affair; V. liaise: keep a connection

69

libel

defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; V. ADJ. libelous

70

libertine

debauched person; dissolute or licentious person; rou\'e; CF. free

71

rou\'e

lecherous man

72

libidinous

lustful

73

libido

psychic and emotional energy or urges behind human activity; sexual desire

74

libretto

text of an opera or oratorio; CF. book

75

licentious

amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained

76

license

official or legal permission; latitude of action or speech; excessive freedom that causes harm or damage; V.

77

lien

legal claim or right on a property

78

ligneous

like wood

79

lilliputian

extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels

80

limber

flexible; supple; pliable; V.

81

limbo

region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); Ex. Purgatory and Limbo

82

abode

dwelling place; home

83

abide

dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.

84

limn

draw; outline; describe; CF. line ?

85

limpid

crystal clear

86

lineage

descent; ancestry

87

lineaments

features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line

88

feature

distinctive part of the faces (as the eyes or mouth); features: overall appearance of the face; prominent or distinctive quality; prominent article; film; V: make prominent

89

linger

loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; Ex. The smell lingered for days.

90

persist

continue in existence; last; continue in a course of action in spite of opposition; Ex. persist in/with something; ADJ. persistent

91

linguistic

pertaining to language

92

lionize

treat (a person) as a celebrity

93

liquidate

settle accounts; pay off (a debt); clear up; eliminate; kill or abolish

94

list

tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)

95

listless

lacking in spirit or energy; languid

96

litany

supplicatory prayer; prayer in which the priest calls out and the people replies in the same words

97

lithe

flexible; supple; CF. limber

98

willowy

flexible; pliant; slender; CF. willow

99

litigation

lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate

100

litotes

understatement for emphasis; Ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''

101

understate

state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate

102

livid

lead-colored; black and blue (as from a bruise); ashen; enraged; extremely angry

103

loath

reluctant; unwilling; disinclined; Ex. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.

104

loathe

detest; ADJ. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; Ex. loathsome smell

105

lode

metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)

106

lofty

very high

107

loft

room or space under the roof; attic

108

log

record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; V.

109

loiter

hang about/around; stand idly about; linger

110

loll

lounge about

111

lounge

stand, sit, or lie in a lazy, relaxed way

112

longevity

long life; long duration

113

loom

appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); Ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. N: apparatus for making thread into cloth

114

gallows

framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)

115

noose

loop formed in a rope

116

lope

gallop slowly

117

loquacious

talkative; N. loquacity

118

lout

clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?

119

low

moo; make the sound of a cow

120

lubricate

apply a lubricant to; N. lubricant: substance that reduces friction

121

lucid

easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity

122

lucrative

profitable; producing wealth

123

lucre

money; profit; Ex. filthy lucre

124

filth

dirty matter; ADJ. filthy

125

ludicrous

laughable; ridiculous; trifling

126

lugubrious

mournful; sorrowful

127

lull

moment of calm; period of reduced activity; Ex. a lull in the rain; V: cause to become less active; cause to sleep or rest; Ex. lull the opponents into a false sense of security; CF. lullaby

128

lumber

move heavily or clumsily; Ex. The bear lumbered through the woods; N: timber

129

lumen

unit of light energy (one candle's worth)

130

luminary

celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)

131

dignitary

person of high rank or position

132

luminous

shining (esp. in the dark); issuing light; Ex. luminous paint/road signs

133

lunar

pertaining to the moon

134

lunatic

insane; Ex. lunatic asylum

135

lurid

wild; sensational; graphic; gruesome; horrible; Ex. lurid details of the murder

136

lurk

stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived

137

slink

move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)

138

luscious

pleasing to taste or smell; delicious

139

luster

shine; gloss (of a polished surface)

140

lustrous

shining; brilliant; Ex. lustrous hair

141

luxuriant

abundant; growing healthily and in large amounts; excessively ornate; rich and splendid; fertile; Ex. luxuriant forests/prose; CF. luxurious, luxuriate

142

macabre

gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death

143

morgue

mortuary; place where bodies are kept before burial or cremation

144

cremate

incinerate (a corpse); N. crematory, crematorium

145

mace

ceremonial staff used as a symbol of authority; clublike medieval weapon

146

macerate

soften by soaking in liquid; waste away; Ex. macerate powdered wood to make paper

147

Machiavellian

crafty; double-dealing; of the political doctrine of Machiavelli, which holds that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing political power

148

machinations

evil schemes or plots; schemes or plots to achieve an evil end; V. machinate

149

maculated

spotted; stained; CF. immaculate

150

madrigal

pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments

151

maelstrom

violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream

152

magisterial

authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; Ex. magisterial study of Roman law; Ex. magisterial manner

153

magistrate

official with power to administer the law

154

magnanimity

generosity; ADJ. magnanimous: generous

155

magnate

person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate

156

magniloquent

boastful; pompous

157

magnitude

greatness (in size or extent); extent

158

maim

mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; Ex. maimed for life

159

mangle

tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; Ex. badly mangled bodies

160

maladroit

clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling

161

malady

illness

162

malaise

uneasiness; vague feeling of ill health (without any particular pain or appearance of disease)

163

malapropism

comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop

164

malapropos

inappropriate; ADV.

165

malcontent

person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs; discontented person; ADJ: discontented

166

malediction

curse

167

malefactor

evildoer; criminal

168

maleficient

doing evil; N. maleficience

169

malevolent

wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; N. malevolence

170

malfeasance

wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)

171

malicious

hateful; spiteful; expressing malice; N. malice: desire to harm others; spite

172

malign

speak evil of; bad-mouth(criticize spitefully); defame; ADJ: harmful; Ex. malign influence

173

malignant

tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; Ex. malignant tumor

174

malingerer

one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work

175

malleable

(of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable

176

malodorous

foul-smelling

177

compost

mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost

178

mammal

vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young

179

vertebrate

having a backbone or spinal column; N: group of animals having a segmented spinal column

180

suckle

give or take milk at the breast or udder

181

nurse

suckle; take care of (as a nurse); bear in mind; Ex. nursing mother; Ex. nurse a hope/grudge against someone

182

mammoth

gigantic; enormous

183

manacle

restrain; handcuff; N.

184

mandate

order; charge; authoritative command; power to govern another country; power to given to a government; region under administration; V: give a mandate to; place under a mandate; Ex. mandated territory

185

mandatory

obligatory; compulsory; of a mandate

186

mangy

shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance

187

mange

skin disease (esp. of domestic animals) marked by loss of hair

188

maniacal

raging mad; insane; N. maniac: insane person; CF. mania: disorder of the mind; intense enthusiasm

189

manifest

evident; visible; obvious; V: show plainly

190

manifestation

outward demonstration; manifesting; indication of the presence of something; Ex. manifestation of his pronounced musical bent

191

pronounced

distinct; very noticeable; Ex. pronounced limp

192

manifesto

public declaration of principles; statement of policy

193

manifold

many in number or kind; numerous; varied

194

manipulate

operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative

195

mannered

affected; not natural; Ex. mannered way of speech

196

mannerism

distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)

197

manumit

emancipate; free from slavery or bondage

198

marital

pertaining to marriage

199

maritime

bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; Ex. Maritime Provinces

200

marked

noticeable; targeted for vengeance or attack; Ex. marked improvement/man