Ch. 13 Anatomic Terms - Urinary Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch. 13 Anatomic Terms - Urinary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 13 Anatomic Terms - Urinary Deck (18):
1

kidneys

two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that filter blood and secrete impurities, forming urine

2

cortex

outer part of the kidney (cortex = bark)

3

hilum

indented opening of the kidney where vessels enter and leave

4

medulla

inner part of the kidney

5

calices; calyces

ducts that carry urine from the nephrons to the renal pelvis (kalyx = cup of a flower)

6

nephron

microscopic functional units of the kidneys, comprised of kidney cells and capillaries, each of which is capable of forming urine

7

glomerulus

small, ball-shaped cluster of capillaries located at the top of each nephron

8

Bowman capsule

top part of the nephron that encloses the glomerulus

9

renal tubule

stem portion of the nephron

10

ureter

tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder

11

renal pelvis

basin-like portion of the ureter within the kidney

12

ureteropelvic junction

point of connection between the renal pelvis and the ureter

13

urinary bladder

sac that holds urine

14

urethra

single canal that carries urine to the outside of the body

15

urethral meatus

opening in the urethra to the outside of the body

16

urine

fluid produced by the kidneys, containing water and waste products

17

urea

waste product formed in the liver; filtered out of the blood by the kidneys, and excreted in urine

18

creatinine

waste product of muscle metabolism, filtered out of the blood by the kidneys, and excreted in the urine

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