Ch. 9 Diagnostic Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 9 Diagnostic Terms Deck (18):
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Cushing syndrome

a collection of signs and symptoms caused by an excessive level of cortisol hormone

1

adrenal virilism

excessive output of the androgen in adult women caused by a tumor or hyperplasia

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diabetes mellitus (DM)

metabolic disorder caused by the absence or insufficient production of insulin, resulting in hyperglycemia and glucosuria

3

type 1 diabetes mellitus

diabetes in which no beta-cell production of insulin occurs and the patient is dependent on insulin for survival

4

type 2 diabetes mellitus

diabetes in which either the body produces insufficient insulin or insulin resistance occurs; patient usually is not dependent on insulin for survival

5

hyperinsulinism

a condition that results from an excessive amount of insulin in the blood that draws sugar out of the bloodstream, resulting in hypoglycemia, fainting and convulsions; often caused by an overdose of insulin or a tumor of the pancreas

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pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

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hyperparathyroidism

hypersecretion of the parathyroid gland, usually caused by a tumor

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hypoparathyroidism

hyposecretion of the parathyroid glands

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acromegaly

disease characterized by enlarged features, especially of the face and hands, caused by hypersecretion of the pituitary growth hormone after puberty; often caused by a pituitary tumor

10

pituitary dwarfism

a condition of congenital hyposecretion of growth hormone that slows growth and causes short, yet proportionate, stature; often treated during childhood with growth hormone

11

pituitary gigantism

a condition of hypersecretion of growth hormone during childhood bone development that leads to abnormal overgrowth of bone, especially of the long bones; most often caused by a pituitary tumor

12

goiter

enlargement of the thyroid gland caused by thyroid dysfunction, tumor, lack of iodine in the diet, or inflammation (goiter = throat)

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hyperthyroidism

a condition of hypersecretion of the thyroid gland characterized by nervousness, weight loss, rapid pulse, protrusion of the eyeball (exophthalmos), goiter, etc.

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Graves' disease

the most common form of hyperthyroidism; caused by autoimmune defect that creates antibodies that stimulate the overproduction of thyroid hormones; exophthalmos is a featured characteristic

15

hypothyroidism

a condition of hyposecretion of the thyroid gland causing low thyroid levels in the blood that result in sluggishness, slow pulse, and obesity

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myxedema

advanced hypothyroidism in adults characterized by sluggishness, slow pulse, puffiness in the hands and face, and dry skin (myx = mucus)

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cretinism

condition of congenital hypothyroidism in children that results in a lack of mental development and dwarfed physical stature; the thyroid gland is either congenitally absent or imperfectly developed

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