Ch. 5 Theraputic Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 5 Theraputic Terms Deck (18):
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defibrillation

termination of ventricular fibrillation by delivering an electrical stimulus to the heart

1

defibrilator

a device that delivers an electrical stimulus in defibrillation

2

cardioversion

restoration of a normal heartbeat by chemical or electrical means

3

implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)

an implanted device with rate-sensing leads that monitor cardiac impulses and can issue electrical stimulus as needed

4

pacemaker

a device used to treat bradycardia by electrically stimulating the heart to beat faster

5

angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor

a drug that suppresses the conversion of angiotensin in the blood; used in the treatment of hypertension

6

antianginal

a drug that dilates coronary arteries, restoring oxygen to the tissues and relieving the pain of angina pectoris

7

antiarrhythmic

a drug that counteracts cardiac arrhythmia

8

anticoagulant

a drug that prevents clotting of the blood; used to treat thrombophlebitis and myocardial infarction

9

antihypertensive

a drug that lowers blood pressure

10

beta-adreneric blocking agents; beta-blockers

agents that inhibit sympathetic adrenergic nerve activity, causing a slowing of heart rate and lowering of blood pressure

11

calcium-channel blockers

agents that inhibit the entry of calcium ions into the heart muscle, causing a slowing of heart rate

12

cardiotonic

a drug that increases the force of myocardial contractions in the heart; commonly used to treat congestive heart failure

13

diuretic

a drug that increases the secretion of urine

14

hypolipidemic

a drug that reduces serum fat and cholesterol

15

thrombolytic agents

drugs used to dissolve blood clots; commonly called "clot busters"

16

vasoconstrictor

a drug that causes a narrowing of the blood vessels, thereby decreasing blood flow

17

vasodilator

a drug that causes dilation of the blood vessels, thereby increasing blood flow

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