Ch. 2 Disease Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 2 Disease Terms Deck (28):
0

acute

sharp; having intense, often severe symptoms and a short course

1

chronic

a condition that develops slowly and persists over a period of time

2

benign

mild or noncancerous

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malignant

harmful or cancerous

4

degeneration

gradual deterioration of normal cells and body functions

5

degenerative disease

any disease in which deterioration of the structure or function of tissue occurs

6

diagnosis

determination of the presence of a disease based on an evaluation of symptoms, signs, and test findings (results). (dia=through, gnosis=knowing)

7

etiology

study of the cause of disease (etio=cause)

8

exacerbation

increase in the severity of a disease, with aggravation of symptoms (ex=out, acerbo=harsh)

9

remission

a period in which symptoms and signs abate or stop

10

febrile

relating to a fever

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idiopathic

a condition occurring without a clearly identified cause (idio=one's own)

12

localized

limited to a definite area or part

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systemic

relating to the whole body rather than only a part

14

malaise

a feeling of uneasiness or discomfort; often the first indication of illness

15

marked

significant

16

morbidity

sick; a diseased state

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mortality

the state of being subject to death

18

prognosis

foreknowledge; prediction of the likely outcome of a disease based on the general health status of the patient along with knowledge of the usual course of the disease; often noted in one word (e.g., "Prognosis: good")

19

progressive

pertaining to the advance of a condition as the signs and symptoms increase in severity

20

prophylaxis

a process or measure that prevents disease (pro=before, phylassein=guard)

21

recurrent

to occur again; describes a return of symptoms and signs after a period of quiescence (rest or inactivity)

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sequela

a disorder or condition usually resulting from a previous disease or injury

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sign

a mark; objective evidence of disease that can be seen or verified by an examiner

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symptom

subjective evidence of disease that is perceived by the patient and often noted in his or her own words

25

syndrome

a running together; combination of symptoms and signs that give a distinct clinical picture indicating a particular condition or disease (e.g., menopausal syndrome)

26

noncontributory

not involved in bringing on the condition or result

27

unremarkable

common; not out of the ordinary or significant

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