Ch. 7 Diagnostic Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 7 Diagnostic Terms Deck (30):
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asthma

panting; obstructive pulmonary disease caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of the mucous membrane; characterized by paroxysmal (sudden, periodic) attacks of wheezing, dyspnea and cough

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atelectasis

collapse of lung tissue (alveoli) (atele = imperfect; -ectasis = expansion or dilation)

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bronchiectasis

abnormal dilation of the bronchi with accumulation of mucus

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bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

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bronchogenic carcinoma

lung cancer

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bronchospasm

constriction of bronchi caused by spasm of the peribronchial smooth muscle

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emphysema

obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by overexpansion of the alveoli with air and destructive changes in their walls, resulting in loss of lung elasticity and gas exchange (emphysan = to inflate)

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chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

permanent, destructive pulmonary disorder that is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema

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cystic fibrosis

inherited condition of exocrine gland malfunction causing secretion of abnormally think mucus that obstructs passageways within the body; commonly affecting the lungs and digestive tract

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laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx

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laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB); croup

inflammation of the upper airways with swelling; creates a funnel-shaped elongation of tissue causing a distinctive "seal bark" cough

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laryngospasm

spasm of the laryngeal muscles, causing a constriction

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nasal polyposis

presence of polyps in the nose (a polyp is a tumor on a stalk)

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pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx

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pleural effusion

accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity

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empyema, pyothorax

accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity

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hemothorax

blood in the pleural cavity

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pleuritis, pleurisy

inflammation of the pleura

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pneumoconiosis

chronic restrictive pulmonary disease resulting from prolonged inhalation of fine dusts, such as coal, asbestos (asbestosis), or silicone (silicosis) (chonio = dust)

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pneumonia

inflammation of the lung resulting from infection by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites or from aspiration of chemicals

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Pneumocystis pneumonia

Pneumonia caused by the Pneumocystis carinii organism; a common opportunistic infection in HIV patients

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pneumothorax

Air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture in the lung or chest wall

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pneumohemothorax

air and blood in the pleural cavity

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pneumonitis

inflammation of the lung, often caused by hypersensitivity to chemicals or dust

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pulmonary embolism (PE)

occlusion in the pulmonary circulation, most often caused by a blood clot

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pulmonary tuberculosis (TB)

disease caused by the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs; characterized by the formation of tubercles, inflammation and necrotizing caseous lesions (caseous necrosis)

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sinusitis

inflammation of the sinuses

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sleep apnea

periods of breathing cessation (10 + sec.) that occur during sleep, often resulting in snoring

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tonisllitis

acute or chronic inflammation of the tonsils

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upper respiratory infection (URI)

infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract involving the nasal passages, pharynx, and bronchi

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