Ch. 4 Therapeutic Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 4 Therapeutic Terms Deck (13):
0

closed reduction, external fixation of a fracture

external manipulation of a fracture to regain alignment along with application of an external device to protect and hold the bone in place while healing

1

casting

use of a stiff, solid dressing around a limb or other body part to immobilize it during healing

2

splinting

use of a rigid device to immobilize or restrain a broken bone or injured body part; provides less support than a cast, but can be adjusted more easily to accommodate swelling from an injury

3

traction (Tx)

application of a pulling force to a fractured bone or dislocated joint to maintain proper position during healing

4

closed reduction, percutaneous fixation of a fracture

external manipulation of a fracture to regain alignment, followed by insertion of one or more pins through the skin to maintain position; often includes use of an external device called a fixator to keep the fracture immobilized during healing

5

orthosis

use of an orthopedic appliance to maintain a bone's position or to provide limb support (e.g., back, knee, or wrist brace)

6

physical therapy (PT)

treatment to rehabilitate patients disabled by illness or injury

7

prosthesis

an artificial replacement for a missing body part or a device used to improve a body function, such as an artificial limb, hip, or joint

8

analgesic

a drug that relieves pain

9

narcotic

a potent analgesic with addictive properties

10

antiinflammatory

a drug that reduces inflammation

11

antipyretic

a drug that relieves fever

12

non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)

a group of drugs with analgesic, antiinflammatory, and antipyretic properties (e.g., ibuprofen and asprin) commonly used to treat arthritis

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