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Flashcards in Scientific Prefixes Deck (128):
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A-/An-

Without, not, deficient

abiotic, anaerobic

1

Ab-

Away from, not, off

2

Acr-

An extremity

Acromegaly

3

Ad-

Toward, to, near

adduct

4

Adeno-

Glandular

adenoma

5

Allo-

other

allotype, allele

6

Amphi-

both

amphibian
amphillic

7

Andro-

man

androgen

8

Aniso-

unequal, dissimilar

anisocytosis

9

Ante-

before

antenatal

10

Anti-

against, counteracting

11

Apo-

away from, separation

apoenzyme

12

Artho-

joint

arthopod, arthritis

13

Auto-

self

autoimmune, autotroph

14

Bi-, Bin-, Bis-

double, twice, two

binary, binocular

15

Bili-

bile

bilirubin

16

Bio-

life

biology
biosphere

17

Blasto-

sprout, bud, embryo, formative cells

blastocyst

18

brachi-

arm

brachiocephalic

19

brady-

slow

bradycardia

20

cardio-

heart

caradiac

21

cata-

against, lower, under

cataract
catabolism

22

centi-

hundred, hundreth

centigram

23

cephal-

head

cephalothorax

24

chole-

bile

cholecystitis

25

chondro-

cartilage

condrocyte

26

chrom-

color

chromatherapy

27

circum-

around

circumference

28

co-, con-

together, with

coagulate
concentrate

29

contra-

against, opposite

contraception

30

costo-

ribs, a rib

intercostal

31

crani-

skull

cranium
craniotomy

32

crypt-

hidden

cryptorchidism
cryptography

33

cyst-

sac, bladder

cystitis

34

cyto-

cell

cytology

35

de-

down, from

debride
dehydrate

36

deci-

tenth

decimal
deciliter

37

derma-

skin

dermatitis

38

dent-

tooth

dentist

39

di-, dipl-

double, twice, apart from

diploid

40

dia-

through, between, across

diaphram
diameter

41

dorso-

back

dorsal

42

dys-

abnormal, bad, difficult, painful, unlike

dysphagia

43

eco-

house, home

ecosphere

44

ecto-

outer, without

ectoparasite

45

en-, endo-

in, into, within

endoskeleton

46

encephala-

brain

encephalopathy

47

entero-

pertaining to the intestine

enteritis
enteric

48

epi-

above, upon

epidemic
epicenter

49

erythro-

red

erythrocyte

50

ex-, extra-

out, out of, away from

extracellular

51

eu-

well, good, true

eukaryotic

52

fore-

before, in front of

forehead

53

gastro-

stomach

gastritis

54

glosso-

tongue

glossitis

55

glycol-

sugar

glycolysis

56

gyneco-

woman

gynecologist

57

hema-

blood

hemauria

58

hemi-

half

hemisphere

59

hapa-

liver

hepatic
hepatitis

60

hetero-

different

heterozygote
heterosexual

61

histo-

tissue

histology

62

homo-, homeo-

similarity

homozygous
homeopathic
homosexual

63

hydro-

water

hydrophilic
hydrophobia
hydrocarbon

64

hyper-

above, increased, beyond

hypertonic
hyperactive

65

in-, intra-

in, into, within, inside

intravenous

66

infra-

below, beneath

infrared

67

inter-

between

intercellular

68

iso-

equal, identical

isotonic

69

lac-

milk

lactate

70

leuko-

white

leucocyte

71

macro-

big, large

macrophage

72

mast-

breast

mastectomy
mastitis

73

mal-

bad, poor

malnutrition
malformation

74

medi-

middle

median
medial

75

meg-

great

megalocyte

76

micro-

small

microbiology

77

mono-

single

monocyte
monopoly

78

morph-

form

morphology

79

multi-

many

multicellular

80

myc-

fungus

mycology

81

myo-

muscle

myocardium

82

narco-

numbness, stupor

narcolepsy
narcotic

83

neo-

new, recent

neonatal

84

nephron-

kidney

nephrology

85

neuro-

nerve

neuropathy
neuron

86

non-

not

noninfectious

87

ob-

against, in front of, on, toward

obstruction
obfuscate
objection

88

Oo-, ov-

egg

oocyte
oogenesis
ovualte

89

optham-

eye

ophthalmologist

90

orchid-

testicle

orchitis

91

ortho-

straight, normal, correct

orthodontist
orthopedic

92

os-

mouth

osculum

93

oto-

ear

otolith

94

pan-

all

pancytopenia
pandemic

95

path-

disease

pathology
pathogen

96

ped-

child or foot

pediatric
bipedal

97

peri-

around

pericardium
periosteum

98

photo-

light

photosynthesis
photography

99

phleb-

vein

phlebitis

100

pneumo-

air or lungs

pneumonia

101

pod-

foot

podiatrist
podocyte

102

polio-

gray

poliomyelitis

103

poly-

much, many

polypeptide
polygram

104

post-

after

postpartum

105

pre-

before

precancerous
pre-surgical

106

pro-

before, for, on account of

progerial
progeny

107

py-

pus

pyruia

108

pyr-

fever

antipyretic

109

ren-

kidney

renal

110

retro-

backward

retrovirus
retrograde

111

rhino-

nose

rhinitis
rhinoplasty

112

sarco-

flesh

sarcophagus
sarcolemma
sarcomere

113

semi-

half

semiconscious

114

scler-

hard

sclerosis

115

sub-

under, beneath

subcutaneous
subculture

116

super, supra-

above, excess

superficial

117

syn-, sym-

union, together

synthesis
synonym

118

tachy-

fast

tachycardia

119

taxo-

to arrange

taxonomy
taxidermy

120

tele-

distant

telescope
telephone
television

121

thermo-

heat

thermometer

122

trop-

to turn toward

tropism

123

tropho-

nutrition

trophic level

124

ultra-

beyond, excess

ultraviolet

125

uni-

one

uninuclear
unicellular

126

vaso-

vessel

vasectomy
vasocontriction

127

zo-

animal

zoonose
zoology

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