Ch. 8 Psychiatric Diagnostic Terms Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch. 8 Psychiatric Diagnostic Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 8 Psychiatric Diagnostic Terms Deck (18):
0

major depression, major depressive illness, clinical depression, major affective disorder, unipolar disorder

a disorder characterized by feelings of worthlessness, fatigue, and loss of interest

1

dysthymia

a mild affective disorder characterized by chronic depression

2

manic depression, bipolar disorder (BD)

an affective disorder characterized by mood swings of mania and depression

3

seasonal affective disorder (SAD)

an affective disorder characterized by episodes of depression primarily during the winter and fall, but remit in the spring

4

generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

the most common anxiety disorder; characterized by chronic worrying about everyday problems, affecting the ability to relax and concentrate

5

panic disorder

a disorder of sudden, recurrent attacks of intense feelings, including physical symptoms that mimic a heart attack with a general feeling of loss of control and feeling of imminent death; often progresses to agoraphobia

6

phobia

exaggerated fear of a specific object or circumstance that causes anxiety and panic

7

posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

a condition resulting from an extremely traumatic experience that leads the sufferer with persistent thoughts and memories of the ordeal; symptoms include feelings of fear, detachment, exaggerated startle response, restlessness, nightmares, and avoidance of triggers

8

obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

an anxiety disorder featuring unwanted, senseless obsessions accompanied by repeated compulsions

9

hypochondriasis

a preoccupation with thoughts of disease and concern that one is suffering from a serious condition that persists despite medical reassurance to the contrary

10

autism

a developmental disability resulting from a neurologic disorder affecting brain function, as evidenced by difficulties with verbal and nonverbal communication and inability to relate tot anything beyond oneself (auto = self) in social interactions

11

dyslexia

a learning disability characterized by difficulty understanding written or spoken words that affects reading, spelling and self-expression

12

attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

a dysfunction characterized by consistent hyperactivity, distractibility, and lack of impulse control

13

mental retardation

a condition of subaverage intelligence characterized by an IQ under 70

14

anorexia nervosa

an eating disorder caused by abnormal perception of one's body weight, as evidenced by an overwhelming fear of becoming fat that results in a refusal to eat and a body weight well below normal

15

bulimia nervosa

an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by efforts to limit digestion through induced vomiting, use of laxatives or excessive exercise

16

substance abuse disorders

mental disorders resulting from addiction causing personal and social dysfunction

17

schizophrenia

a disease of brain chemistry causing a distorted cognitive and emotional perception of one's environment

Decks in Medical Terminology Class (120):