Ch. 7 Symptomatic Terms Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch. 7 Symptomatic Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 7 Symptomatic Terms Deck (30):
0

eupnea

normal breathing

1

bradypnea

slow breathing

2

tachypnea

fast breathing

3

hypopnea

shallow breathing

4

hyperpnea

deep breathing

5

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

6

apnea

inability to breathe

7

orthopnea

ability to breathe only in an upright position

8

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

pattern of breathing characterized by a gradual increase in depth and rate, followed by a decrease, resulting in apnea

9

crackles; rales

popping sounds heard during auscultation of the lungs

10

wheezes; rhonchi

high-pitched, musical sounds heard during auscultation of the lungs as air flows through a narrow passageway; asthma, emphysema

11

stridor

high-pitched, crowing sound that occurs with an obstruction to the upper airway (trachea or larynx)

12

caseous necrosis

degeneration and death of tissue with a cheese-like appearance

13

cyanosis

bluish coloration of the skin caused by a deficient amount of oxygen in the blood

14

dysphonia

hoarseness (phon/o = voice/sound)

15

epistaxis

nosebleed (epi = upon; stazo = to drip)

16

expectoration

coughing up and spitting out material from the lungs

17

sputum

material expelled from the lungs by coughing

18

hemoptysis

coughing up blood (ptysis = to spit)

19

hypercapnia; hypercarbia

excessive level of carbon dioxide in the lungs (capno = smoke; carbo = coal)

20

hyperventilation

excessive movement of air into and out of the lungs, causing hypocapnia

21

hypocapnia; hypocarbia

deficient level of carbon dioxide in the blood

22

hypoventilation

deficient movement of air into and out of the lungs, causing hypercapnia

23

hypoxemia

deficient amount of oxygen in the blood

24

hypoxia

deficient amount of oxygen in the tissue cells

25

obstructive lung disorder

condition blocking the flow of air moving out of the lungs

26

restrictive lung disorder

condition limiting the intake of air into the lungs

27

pulmonary edema

fluid filling the spaces around the alveoli and, eventually flooding into the alveoli

28

pulmonary infiltrate

density on an x-ray image representing the consolidation of matter within the air spaces of the lungs, usually resulting from an inflammatory response

29

rhinorrhea

runny nose

Decks in Medical Terminology Class (120):