Ch. 5 Symptomatic Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 5 Symptomatic Terms Deck (21):
0

aneurysm

a widening; bulging of the heart wall, aorta or artery

1

saccular aneurysm

a sac-like bulge on one side

2

fusiform aneurysm

a spindle-shaped bulge

3

dissecting aneurysm

a split or tear in the vessel wall

4

angina pectoris

chest pain caused by temporary loss of oxygenated blood to the heart muscle (angina = to choke)

5

arteriosclerosis

thickening; hardening of the arterial walls

6

atherosclerosis

a form of arteriosclerosis caused by the buildup of fatty substances that harden within the walls of the arteries

7

atheromatous plaque

a swollen area within the lining of an artery caused by the buildup of lipids

8

claudication

to limp; pain in a limb while walking caused by inadequate blood supply

9

constriction

compression of a part that causes narrowing (stenosis)

10

diaphoresis

profuse sweating

11

embolus

a clot (e.g., air, fat, or foreign object) in the bloodstream that obstructs the flow of blood when it lodges (embolus = a stopper)

12

heart murmur

an abnormal heart sound produced by defects in the chambers or valves

13

infarct

to stuff; a localized area of necrosis caused by ischemia resulting from occlusion of a blood vessel

14

ischemia

to hold back blood; decreased blood flow caused by constriction or occlusion of a blood vessel

15

perfusion deficit

decreased blood flow caused by narrowing or occlusion of a blood vessel

16

occlusion

plugging; an obstruction or closing off

17

palpitation

subjective experience of pounding, skipping or racing heartbeats

18

stenosis

condition of narrowing of a part

19

thrombus

a stationary blood clot

20

vegetation

to grow; abnormal growth of tissue around a valve, usually as a result of an infection

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