Ch. 13 Diagnostic Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 13 Diagnostic Terms Deck (13):
1

adult polycystic kidney disease (APKD)

inherited condition of multiple cysts that gradually form in the kidney, causing destruction of normal tissue that leads to renal failure; diagnosed in adults presenting with hypertension, kidney enlargement, and recurrent UTIs

2

glomerulonephritis

form of nephritis involving the glomerulus

3

hydronephrosis

pooling of urine in dilated areas of the renal pelvis and calices of one or both kidneys caused by an obstructed outflow of urine

4

nephritis

inflammation of the kidney

5

pyelonephritis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

6

nephrosis

degenerative disease of the renal tubules

7

nephrolithiasis

presence of kidney stones

8

cystitis

inflammation of the bladder

9

urethritis

inflammation of the urethra

10

urethrocystitis

inflammation of the urethra and bladder

11

urethral stenosis

narrowed condition of the urethra

12

urinary tract infection (UTI)

invasion of pathogenic organisms in the urinary tract, especially the urethra and bladder; symptoms include dysuria, urinary frequency and malaise

13

uremia; azotemia

excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood caused by kidney failure

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