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After the Revolution, Jackson learned

Enough about the law to become an attorney in backwoods Tennessee

1

Jackson engaged in numerous quarrels which

Often ended in duels

2

Jackson appealed to the hard pressed

Farming and working people who were ripe for political rebellion

3

Jackson wanted to

Lower taxes, reduce government spending, shrink the federal bureaucracy, pay off a federal debt, and destroy the Second Back of United States

4

According to Jackson, people who stayed in office grew

Corrupt and therefore, need to be removed (spoils system)

5

Jackson VP and SOS?

John C. Calhoun and Martin Van Buren

6

Why did Jackson lean on Van Buren for advice?

More skill at backroom politics than Calhoun and certainly more freedom to move around to maneuver because of his base in New York

7

Calhoun was determined to

Defend southern rights

8

Why did the cabinet snub Peggy Eaton?

Supposed had an affair, and as a result, her husband committed suicide

9

As a result of the snobs, Eaton

Resigned from cabinet

10

The only way to restore harmony in the cabinet was to

Disband and start over

11

Why was the Maysville Road vetoed?

Called it unconstitutional and shocked Clay.

12

Why did people label Jackson as a tyrant?

Because he vetoed many bills. Jackson was determined to strenghten the executive branch and stick to his principles

13

Why did SC face a depression?

The high tariffs. This worsened because of low cotton prices and infertile soil

14

Tariff of 1828?

Pushed rates up to almost 50% of the value of imported goods. Led Calhoun to write South Carolina Exposition and Protest

15

What was the tariff designed to do?

Protect northern manufacturers

16

Hayne argued that

The government endangered the Union by imposing any policy that would cause a hardship in one section and benefit of another

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What was the Web-Hayne debate about?

Government owned western lands

18

Daniel Webster denied that

The East showed restrictive policy towards the west

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Hayne said that it was the state's job to see when federal government has stepped over the lines? Webster responded that

We are a Union. If one state could nullify, that would put the Union as a rope of sand

20

This debate made the

National Republicans a household name

21

Calhoun responded to Jackson's provoke to

"The union, next to liberty most dear

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How did the rift begin?

When Calhoun wanted Jackson disciplined for invading Florida

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The acidic rift caused

All Calhoun partisans to be removed

24

Calhoun openly opposed Jackson by

Assuming public leadership of the South Carolina nullificationists

25

Tariff of 1832, pushed through by JQA,

Reduced duties on many items, but iron and cloth tariffs were still high

26

What did SC fear!

That federal authority to impose tariffs might eventually to end slavery

27

The state legislature proposed that if any citizen

Lost land to federal authorites, the state will recover twice its value

28

The legislator chose

Hayne as governor snd Calhoun to succeed him as senator

29

What was a force bill?

Basically forcing Congress to agree

30

What dod Clay compromise?

That tariff would gradually go down until 1842

31

The civilized tribes surrounded by whites merged

In with white soceity

32

Most of the northern tribes were

Too weak to resist the officers and often used alcohol or bribery

33

On the whole, there was

Remarkably low resistance

34

Black Hawk War?

Illinois militia mobilized to expel the Sauk and Fox tribes, and chased them into Wisconsin territory

35

When was Seminole resistance out down?

When their lesser Osceola was seized, imprisoned and left to die at Fort Moultrie

36

In 1827 the Cherokees

Adopted a constitution in which they were declared not subject to the laws of any other nation

37

After mid 1830'state law in Georgia would extend

To the Cherokees loving within the boundaries of the state

38

What caused whites to be hungry for Cherokee land?

Discovery of gold

39

In Cherokee v. Georgia John Marshall ruled that the

Court lacked jurisdiction because the Cherokees were a domestic independent nation

40

What did the bank do?

Served as the depository for all federal funds but also issued currency and made loans

41

The huge size enabled it to

Determine the amount of credit available for the nation

42

The South and the West feared the

Scope and power of the monopolistic national bank. Southerners claimed that the North used it for their own benefit

43

Jackson believed that

Hard money was the only legitimate exchange

44

How did SBOUS supply a stable currency?

To keep enough golf and silver in their vaults to back their paper currency

45

When did dislike for the Masonic order start showing up?

When william morgan disappeared. Fear they were some sort of tyrannical group

46

The common purpose of the Anti-Masonic party was to

Stamp out an organization that was contaminating the heart of the republic

47

Anti Masonic had three important firsts

First third party, first party to hold a national nominating convention, and first to announce a platform

48

Roger B Taney adhered to

Jackson's requests of the removal of the bank

49

Taney deposited all new receipts in

State banks, or pet banks. Senate voted to censure Jackson because of it

50

Biddle, in response,

Order it to curtail loans and demand the redemption of state banknotes in gold or silver as quickly as possible. Sought to bring economy to halt to demonstrate importance of national bank

51

The supreme irony of Jackson's war with the bank is that it

Created the mania he most feared

52

The Specie Circular

The government would only accept gold and silver coins in the payment of land. Settlers had very few of it and relied on speculators

53

The core whigs supported

Economic nationalism

54

They also favored

Internal improvements, national banks, and high tariffs

55

In the South, the Whigs

Enjoyed the support of the urban banking and commercial interests. In the West, farmers who valued government funded stuff

56

Van buren was

The Little Magician

57

What caused the Panic of 1837?

Depression in England, which resulted in a drop in price of American cotton

58

Also, there was a failire

In the wheat crop, the export of which in good years helped offset the drain of payments

59

The working class

Was hit hard. Many were jobless and wages were cut

60

Independent Treasury

Funds in its own vaults and do business entirely in hard money