Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

APUSH > Chapter 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (93):
0

Christian activists assumed that the US had a

God-mandated virtue to provide the world example of republican virtue

1

The combination of widespread religious energy and fervent social idealism brought

Major reforms and advances in human rights during the first half of the 19th century

2

Enlightenment rationalism stressed

Humankind's inherit goodness rather than its depravity and encouraged a belief in social progress and the promise of individual perfectibility

3

French revolution increased

Deism

4

Buy the use of reason deists could

Grasp the natural laws governing the universe

5

Unitarianism is

The belief that emphasized the oneness and benevolence of a loving God, humankind, and the primacy over religious creeds and organized churches

6

Unitarians believed Jesus was not

Divine

7

Universalism was

Founded by John Murray and focuses on the salvation of people, not just a selected few

8

Anglicanism was on the

Demise

9

What sparked the Second Great Awakening?

Fears of secularism

10

Timothy Dwight helped

Spark the Second Great Awakening

11

What Protestant denominations sparked after SGA?

Baptists and Methodists

12

What was the main message of SGA?

Salvation is available to everyone

13

SGA in the frontier had two religious phenomena

The backwoods circuit-riding teacher and the camp meeting

14

Women especially flocked to

These events

15

Presbyterianism was entrenched among

The Scots-Irish

16

The Baptists embraced

A simplicity of doctrine and organization that appealed especially to the rural people

17

Baptists theology was grounded in the

Infallibility of the Bible and the recognition of human depravity

18

The Methodists shared with the Baptists that

The belief that everyone could gain an act of free will, established a much more centralized church structrue

19

Methodists developed

The traveling minister on horseback

20

The largest camp meetings tended to be

Ecumenical affairs

21

Dwelling in camp meetings distorts an activity

That offered a redemptive social outlet to isolated rural folk

22

Evangelical ministers repeatedly applauded the

Spiritual energies of women and affirmed their right to give public witness to the faith

23

The energies of the revivals helped spread a more

Democratic faith among people

24

Finney wrestled with the question of

What role can the individual play in earning salvation

25

Finney's answer

The sinner must choose salvation by embracing the promises of Jesud

26

Finney compared bis theatrical methods with those of campaigning

Politicians who used advertising and showmanship to attract attention

27

Finney organized social reform groups that

Wanted to reform social ills: including alcoholism and slavery

28

How was the book of mormon discovered?

Reported an angel named Moroni led him to a hillside near his father's farm and unearthed golden tablets

29

What did Mormons believe?

No hell, rejected all other dominations, and the Second coming was imminent

30

In result to the persecution of Mormons,

Moved to Commerce, Illinois

31

By the end of 1848, the Mormons had developed

An efficient irrigation system and brought greening to the desert

32

Immanuel Kant

Gave the transatlantic Romantic movement a summary definition in the title of his Critique of Pure Reason. Emphasized the limits of science and reason

33

Transcendentalism was a reaction against

Calvinist Orthodoxy and the corpse cold rationalism of Unitarianism

34

What Was the truest piety

A pure form of personal spirituality, which had been corrupted by religion

35

Harmony with

Nature. Realize divine potential in God's teachers

36

Emerson was determined to

Transcend the limitations of inherited conventions and rationalism in order to penetrate the inner recesses of the self

37

Thoreau displayed a sense of uncompromising

Integrity, outdoor vigor, and prickly individuality

38

Thoreau did not live life as a hermit, as he

Often welcomed guests and came to them for dinner

39

Thoreau and the other transcendentalism taught a powerful lesson:

People mist follow their conscience

40

Transcendentalists portrayed the movement as

A profound expression of moral idealism, critics dismissed it as egotism

41

in the 1840 census,

78% of the population could read and write, and 91% of the white population could read and white

42

Most children were taught to read

In church or in private dame schools

43

The Workingmen's party of Philly argued that education

Would improve manners and at the same time reduce crime rate

44

Horace Mann did what?

Led the early drive for statewide school systems. He prompted the public school system as the way to achieve social stability and equal oppurtunity

45

North Carolina led the way in

State supported education

46

South continued to reflect the

Aristocratic pretensions. The south had more college students than other region, but smaller public schools

47

However, conditions for public education was

Seldom ideal.

48

Boston English High School was the first free

Public secondary school, set up mainly for those students who don't plan on attending college

49

By law in 1827, Mass. required

A high school in every town over 500, and in towns over 4000 college preparatory course like Latin, Greek, and rhetoric

50

The urge to eradicate evil had its roots in the widespread sense of

Spiritual zeal and moral mission, which on turn drew upon the growing faith in human perfectibility promoted by both revivalists and Romantic idealsists

51

The rise of an urban middle class offered affluent

Women greater time to devote to social emotions

52

The american society for the promotion of temperance, which

Organized lectures, press campaigns, an essay contest, and the formation of local and state societies

53

The absolutists of temperance

Would brook no compromise with Demon Rum and carried the day with a resolution that liquor was evil and ought to prohibited by law

54

Asylums arose

To treat and cure social ills, a result of Romanticism

55

What would the penitentiary do?

Where the guilt experience penitence and underwent rehabilitation, not punishment

56

The discipline offered at Auburn Penitentiary (isolation)

Had a beneficial effect on the prisoners and saved money

57

The insane were usually

Confined at home with hired keepers or jails in almshouses

58

Catherine Beecher did what?

A leader in the education movement and founder of women's schools in Connecticut and Ohio, and published A Treatise on Domestic Economy, prescribing the domestic sphere for women

59

According to some, a middle class home gave women a

Sphere of independence in which they might exercise a degree of initiative and leadership

60

Who were the two moral reformers and advocates of women's tights?

Laucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton

61

What did the Seneca Falls Convention emphasize

A part in the Declaration of Independence called Declaration of Sentiments. All men and women are created equal

62

Seneca Falls represented an

Important first step

63

Still, after women could control their own property, women were in

Nursing or teaching

64

Believing religious fervor to be a sign of inspiration from the Holy Ghost, Mother Ann Lee

And her followers had strange fits in which they saw visions and prophesied. They had a dance, hence the name shakers

65

Shaker doctrine held God to a dual personality:

In christ the masculine side was manifested, and mother ann the feminist side

66

Shakers farms were among the

Leading sources of garden seed and medical herbs while their manufactured goods, were prized for their simple beauty

67

What did John Humphrey Noyes believe in?

That sexual intercourse can be practiced by all of the community

68

Brook Farm grew out of the

Transcendentalist movement

69

Brook Farms' residents would share

The tasks of maintaining the buildings, tending the fields, and preparing the fields

70

Utopian communities quickly ran out of

Steam

71

The communal social experiments, performed in relative isolation, had

Little effect on the outside world, where reformers wrestled worh the sins of the multitude

72

The American Colonization Society proposed to

Return freed slaves to Africa

73

Why did some support this?

It would bolster slavery by getting rid of free blacks

74

Lloyd Garrison launched the

Liberator

75

During the 1830s Garrison became the nations's most

Fervent foe of slavery

76

Who made up Garrison's army?

Evangelical Christians

77

Who funded the abolitionist papers

Arthur and Lewis Tappan

78

The American Anti Slavery Society created a

National network of newspapers, offices, chapters, and activists

79

What did the society stressed

Slaveholding is a heinous crime in the sight of God

80

What did David Walker do?

Published Walker's Appeal, which denounced the hypocrisy of Christians in the slaveholding south

81

Other reformers saw the American Society as

Fundamentally sound and concentrated on purging it from slavery

82

Sarah and Angelina Grimké provoked

The Congregational Clergy of Mass. to chastise them for engaging in unfeminine activity

83

Douglass started an abolitionist newspaper for blacks, the

North Star

84

What was the Underground Railroad?

Grew into a vast system of secret routes and safe stopping places thag concealed runaways and spirited them to freedom,

85

Harriet Tubman risked

Everything to venture back to the South 19 times and helped three hundred slaves escape

86

Sojourner Truth was able to speak about

The evils of peculiar institution and the inequality of women

87

Truth also tapped the

Distinctive energies that women brought to reformist causes

88

One shrewd strategy was to deluge

Congress with petitions calling for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia

89

The evangelical Christian Churches in the South

Gradually turned pro slavery

90

What dis JCC say that slavery was good?

That Americans saved blacks from their unorganized civilizations and that white supremacy would be compromised

91

Blacks also couldn't work in

Freedom

92

Whigs were against

Slavery