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England was a

Parliamentary monarch

1

The Magna Carta stated that

The rights of feudal nobles and that people had basic rights, that everyone was equal under the law

2

English liberties inspired a sense of

Personal initiative and entrepreneurial enterprise that spawned prosperity and empire

3

Joint stock companies were the

Most important organizational innovation in the area, first instruments of British colonization in America

4

When Queen Elizabeth demised ,

The throne feel to the Stuarts

5

James IV became

James I of England

6

Charles I proves to be a more

Stubborn leader and stubborn defender of absolute royal power

7

King Charles I disbanded

Parliament, levied taxes by decree, and allowed persecution of Puritans

8

King Charles told Parliament to raise

Taxes on defense of its kingdom

9

King Charles I was convicted of

Treason and executed

10

Charles II did what?

Avowed Catholicism, he must rule jointly with Parliament, had opponents murdered or improvised

11

Because Charles II had a catholic son,

Mary Stuart and William III took office, (Glorious Revolution which enchanted Britian's power and the Parliament was free from monarchical control

12

Bill of Rights?

William and Mary gave up the royal right to suspend laws, appoint special courts, keep a standing army, or levy taxes except by Parliament'a consent.

13

Glorious revolution also

Made the church acknowledge the right of dissenters

14

King James assigned the Virginia company on an

Explicit religious mission, bring Christian religion to the Indians. However the pious intentions were overshadowed by the thought of profit.

15

Where was Jamestown!

Near a River with a northwest bend

16

Why did they experience such hardships?

Because the people were either unfamiliar with farming who gentlemen who hated manual labor. They wanted easy living

17

In Virginia the Powhaten confederacy were

Agricultural people who grew corn

18

John Smith?

Rare powers of leadership and self promotion, strict discipline and forced all labor

19

A new charter replace the inactive counsel with

And all-powerful Gov.

20

Was the main source of revenue for Virginia

ACCTobacco

21

The boom of tobacco allowed

Colonists to own their own land

22

Sir Edmund Sandy introduced

The head right policy, any Englishman who A share in the company and could get to Virginia could have 50 acres on arrival, and 50more for a servants he brought, rights of Englishmen,

23

In 1622 the Indians

Killed one fourth of the settlers

24

In 1624 and English court dissolve the Virginian company and Virginia

Became a royal colony

25

Sir William Berkeley arrived as a royal governor

And presided over the colonies growth for most of the next 35 years

26

As a results of the flooding of settlers,

The Indians had unwanted social and economic affects

27

The largest planners brought up the most fertile soil along the coast thereby forcing

Servants to become tenants or claim less fertile land inland

28

In 1676 Nathaniel bacon defied Gov. Berkley's authority by assuming

Command of a group of frontier vigilantes.

29

Rebellion was largely a battle of servants small farmers and even slaves

against Virginia's wealthiest planters and political leaders

30

Berkeley oppose Bacons genocidal plan not because he like the Indians but

He wanted to protect the lucrative monopoly over the deerskin trade

31

For such severity the king denounce Berkeley as a fool

And recalled him to England

32

The results of Bacon's rebellion were

Peace treaties with the Indians and wealthy planters became more cooperative with the small farmers

33

But the rebellion landless whites also convinced many large planters that they

Bringing more African slaves

34

Maryland was named after

Henrietta Maria

35

Maryland was the first

Proprietary colony, it was owned by one person Lord Baltimore

36

Sir George Calvert saw Maryland as a

Refuge for Catholics

37

Calvert recruited Catholic gentleman as landholders, and

Protestants as indentured servants

38

The Maryland government dividend into

Gov. and counseling sitting apart

39

Maryland was allowed to

Make their own laws with the consent of the Freeman

40

Maryland Prospered quickly because

It's ability to grow tobacco

41

The NE were made up a middle-class families that

Could pay their own way across the Atlantic

42

Most males settlers were

Small farmers merchants seamen or fishermen

43

New England also attracted more

Women

44

Most NEs were motivated by

Religious ideas

45

The Puritans who arrived in America were on a

Divine mission to create a model Christian society living according to God's Commandments

46

Puritans demanded that the Anglican Church get rid of

Papist rituals

47

The Separatists decided

Church of England could not be fixed

48

The pilgrims built dwellings on the site of

And abandon Indian village

49

Squanto show the pilgrims how to

Grow corn and catch fish

50

Plymouth colony had a land grant but no

Charter of government from any English authority. They grew naturally out of the church government

51

As the colony grew the Gen. Court became

A body of representatives from various towns. (Church members)

52

The Massachusetts Bay colony was intended to be

A holy Commonwealth bound together by the harmonious worship of God

53

The Puritans colonize the Massachusetts Bay were

Congregationalists, Who formed self governing churches with membership limited to visible Saints- those could demonstrate receipt of the gift of God's grace

54

John Winthrop to use the colony

A refuge Huge for persecuted Puritans

55

John Winthrop took its charter with them to

Ensure local control

56

John Winthrop was a great leader because he

Prized stability and order

57

What was the great migration

It is the transfer of the British colonistsaround the world over the next decade

58

The transfer of the Massachusetts charter whereby an English trading Company evolved into

A provincial government was unique venture in colonization

59

Under the royal charter power rested with Massachusetts

General court which elected the governor and the assistance

60

General Court consisted of

Shareholders call Freeman

61

In 1634 Freeman turn themselves into a

Representative body called the general court with two or three deputies to represent each town

62

Over a period of 14 years the Massachusetts Bay Company a trading Corporation

Evolved into the governing body of a holy Commonwealth

63

Roger Williams believed that one salvation

Depended upon God's grace not to have churches

64

And Williamsview a purity of the church required

Separation of church and state and freedom for all matters of faith

65

Roger Williams lived with

The Narragansetts, where he established the town of Providence

66

Many Indians either

Resisted European culture and others depended on it

67

To facilitate the acquisition of fur pelts from the Indians the French and Dutch

Permanent trading outpost along the western frontier and establish" relations with the Indian people

68

The English wanted to

Foto pursue their God-given right to fishing and farm. they sought to exploit Indians rather than dealing with them

69

The Indians and settlers Developed a flourishing trade

Exchanging furs for manufactured goods and trinkets

70

In Maine the Abenakis were

Primarily hunters and gatherers dependent upon the natural offerings of the land and waters

71

The Indians been able to forge a solid alliance they

They would have better resist the encroachment of white settlers

72

By the hundreds the Indians died like

Rotten sheep

73

What was the Pequot war caused by

A peacock murdered a colonist and they took revenge by setting fire to a village

74

The militia commander who ordered the massacre said that God

Guided his actions

75

Sassy us then

Organized the survivors and attacked the English. The colonists and they Narrangansett allies killed hundreds of Pequots along the way.

76

What did the treaty of Hartford say

The Pequot nation would dissolve

77

How was NC settled?

By Virginia colonies who had drifted southward (Albemarle)

78

The quickest way to raise capital and early years of South Carolina's development was

Trade with the Indians

79

English merchants began to have a

Prosperous trade with the Catawbas

80

The dependent relationship with Europeans would prove

Disastrous to the Indians traditional way of life

81

Why did farmers prefer African slaves?

They didn't often run away

82

More Indians were exported during than

African slaves imported

83

The trade in the enslaved Indians triggered bitter

Struggles between tribes gave rise to colonial warfare and spawnef massive internal migration's across the southern colonies

84

By 1670 mostly Protestant Dutch

Had the largest merchant fleet in the world in the highest standard of living

85

Dutch Empire expanded to rapidly they cannot efficiently

Manage their global possessions

86

The Dutch East Indian company has hired an English captain

Henry Hudson to explore America and hopes to find a northwest passage the spice Rich Indies

87

New Netherlands was created as a

Profit-making enterprise

88

The Jews had come to seek

Refuge from brazil

89

The company disagreed with Stuyvesant, as

Everyone has freedom of religion

90

The Iroquois's League fortune alliance so Strong that they outnumber the Dutch and later the English traders,

They were forced to work with the Indians and exporting the lucrative beaver trade

91

The willful search for furs and captains let Iroquois's war parties to

To range for what is today eastern North America

92

The Iroquois maintain the shrew neutrality in the struggle between the two European powers which enable them to play

The British off against the French while creating a thriving fur trade for themselves

93

Not a single Colony was begun at the direct initiative of thr

Crown

94

Centralize control imposed by the marks of Spain and France eventually

Hobbled innovation