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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (42):

According to Grady, the postwar South

Held the promise of a real democracy, one could no longer run by planter aristocracy and non longer by slave labor


The confederacy had lost the war because it relied too much on

King Cotton and slavery. In the future the South must follow the North's example and diversify its economy by developing an industrial sector to go along with its agricultural emphasis


The chief accomplishment of the New South movement was a dramatic expansion of the

Region's textile industry


Washington Duke did what?

Took a barnful of tobacco and beat it out with hickory sticks and sold tobacco


James Buchanan Duke wanted even greater success, so

He pouted large sums into advertising schemes and perfected the mechanized mass production of cigarettes


With his competitors, they founded the

American Tobacco company. Later convicted in violation if the Sherman Anti-Trust Acts. Duke later invested un hydroelectric power and aluminum


What were other industries that came up in the south?

Coal, iron ore, and steel


Urban industrial growth meant the need for houses, so the

Lumbering industry grew immensly


By 1900, the South still remained the

Least prosperous region


What made it more difficult to own land in the South?

Sagging prices for crops,


What were sharecroppers?

They worked under a single laborer, and worked for seed, fertilizer, supplies and a share of the crop


This system became corrupt because of the

Intense suspension between the land owners and landowners would often not give their workers a proper share of the crop


What Was the crop-lien system?

Rural merchants furnished supplies to small farm owners in return for liens (or mortgages) on their future crops


Per capital black income was

1/3 of a white's


The black illiteracy rates was nearly

50 percent


What were redeemers!

Supporters of these postwar democratic leaders that supposedly saved the South from Yankee domination, as well as the straitjacket of a purely rural economy


What Were the Bourbons

They had forgotten nothing and to have learned nothing in the ordeal of the Confederacy and the Civil War.


Bourbon governors and legislators of the New South slashe

State expenditures, including those for the public school systems


The ultimate paradox of the Bourbons was that

As white supremacists, they tolerated a lingering black voice in politics and showed no haste to raise the barriers of racial segregation in public places


Under the Bourbons, the disenfranchisement of African American voters remained

Inconsistent, a local matter brought about mainly by fraud and intimidation, but it occurred enough to maintain control for the whites


By promoting the growth of industry, the Bourbons led the South into

A new economic era, but without sacrificing a mythic reverence for the Old South


The post Civil War West offered the

Promise of democratic individualism, economic opportunity, and personal freedom that long before go come to define the American dream


However, the colonization of the Far West was a

Tragedy of shortsighted greed and irresponsible behavior,decimated wildlife,and nearly exterminated Native American culture


These African American migrants ware known as

Exodusters, because they were making their exodus from the South


Many of the African American pioneers soon abandoned their land and

Moved to the few cities in the state


The drama of the 1849 golf rush was created

Time and time again for the next three decades


What did HTP Comstock do?

He talked his way into a share in a new discovery made by two other prospectors in 1859 and gave it its own name. Produced gold and silver and made Nevada a state


After Colorado's admission into the Union, there was a long hiatus because

Of party divisions in Congress. Democrats were hesitant to make states that were heavily Republican


After Republicans swept the election of 1888, the

Dakotas, Montana, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, Oklahoma, Arizona and New Mexico


Fighting resumed with the Native Americans because,m

Migrants began to encroach upon Indian lands in the plains rather than merrily pass through them


Despite promise of protection by CO's governor,

John Chivington' inexperienced army attacked an Indian camp with a white flag of truce


In 1867, a conference at Medicine Lodge, Kansas ended with the

Kiowas, Comanches, Arapahos, and Cheyennes, reluclantly accepting lands in western Oklahoma


What was the result of the Red River War?

Phillip Sheridan forced the Indians to disband in the spring of 1875. 72 Indian chiefs were imprisoned


Instead of following up their victory, the Indians

Celebrated and renewed their hunting


The army quickly regained the offensive and

Compelled the Sioux to give up their hunting grounds and goldfields in return for payments


Joseph's speech was a speech of



A generation of Indian wars ended in 1886 with the capture of

Geronimo, a chief of the Chiricahua Apaches


Wovoka had a vision thag

A deliverer would come and rescue the Indians if they did the Ghist Dance each full moon


An accidental rifle discharge led nervous soldiers to fire

At the Indians who had surrendered. Ended with a brutal misunderstanding


Joseph G. McCoy recognized the potential of

Moving the cattle trade west,where cattle could be driven through relatively vacant lands. Set up in Abilene, Kansas


In the absence of laws governing the open range?

Cattle ranchers at first worked out a code of behavior largely directed by circumstances


Joseph Glidden invented the

Barbed wire