Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (42):
According to Grady, the postwar South
Held the promise of a real democracy, one could no longer run by planter aristocracy and non longer by slave labor
The confederacy had lost the war because it relied too much on
King Cotton and slavery. In the future the South must follow the North's example and diversify its economy by developing an industrial sector to go along with its agricultural emphasis
The chief accomplishment of the New South movement was a dramatic expansion of the
Region's textile industry
Washington Duke did what?
Took a barnful of tobacco and beat it out with hickory sticks and sold tobacco
James Buchanan Duke wanted even greater success, so
He pouted large sums into advertising schemes and perfected the mechanized mass production of cigarettes
With his competitors, they founded the
American Tobacco company. Later convicted in violation if the Sherman Anti-Trust Acts. Duke later invested un hydroelectric power and aluminum
What were other industries that came up in the south?
Coal, iron ore, and steel
Urban industrial growth meant the need for houses, so the
Lumbering industry grew immensly
By 1900, the South still remained the
Least prosperous region
What made it more difficult to own land in the South?
Sagging prices for crops,
What were sharecroppers?
They worked under a single laborer, and worked for seed, fertilizer, supplies and a share of the crop
This system became corrupt because of the
Intense suspension between the land owners and landowners would often not give their workers a proper share of the crop
What Was the crop-lien system?
Rural merchants furnished supplies to small farm owners in return for liens (or mortgages) on their future crops
Per capital black income was
1/3 of a white's
The black illiteracy rates was nearly
What were redeemers!
Supporters of these postwar democratic leaders that supposedly saved the South from Yankee domination, as well as the straitjacket of a purely rural economy
What Were the Bourbons
They had forgotten nothing and to have learned nothing in the ordeal of the Confederacy and the Civil War.
Bourbon governors and legislators of the New South slashe
State expenditures, including those for the public school systems
The ultimate paradox of the Bourbons was that
As white supremacists, they tolerated a lingering black voice in politics and showed no haste to raise the barriers of racial segregation in public places
Under the Bourbons, the disenfranchisement of African American voters remained
Inconsistent, a local matter brought about mainly by fraud and intimidation, but it occurred enough to maintain control for the whites
By promoting the growth of industry, the Bourbons led the South into
A new economic era, but without sacrificing a mythic reverence for the Old South
The post Civil War West offered the
Promise of democratic individualism, economic opportunity, and personal freedom that long before go come to define the American dream
However, the colonization of the Far West was a
Tragedy of shortsighted greed and irresponsible behavior,decimated wildlife,and nearly exterminated Native American culture
These African American migrants ware known as
Exodusters, because they were making their exodus from the South
Many of the African American pioneers soon abandoned their land and
Moved to the few cities in the state
The drama of the 1849 golf rush was created
Time and time again for the next three decades
What did HTP Comstock do?
He talked his way into a share in a new discovery made by two other prospectors in 1859 and gave it its own name. Produced gold and silver and made Nevada a state
After Colorado's admission into the Union, there was a long hiatus because
Of party divisions in Congress. Democrats were hesitant to make states that were heavily Republican
After Republicans swept the election of 1888, the
Dakotas, Montana, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, Oklahoma, Arizona and New Mexico
Fighting resumed with the Native Americans because,m
Migrants began to encroach upon Indian lands in the plains rather than merrily pass through them
Despite promise of protection by CO's governor,
John Chivington' inexperienced army attacked an Indian camp with a white flag of truce
In 1867, a conference at Medicine Lodge, Kansas ended with the
Kiowas, Comanches, Arapahos, and Cheyennes, reluclantly accepting lands in western Oklahoma
What was the result of the Red River War?
Phillip Sheridan forced the Indians to disband in the spring of 1875. 72 Indian chiefs were imprisoned
Instead of following up their victory, the Indians
Celebrated and renewed their hunting
The army quickly regained the offensive and
Compelled the Sioux to give up their hunting grounds and goldfields in return for payments
Joseph's speech was a speech of
A generation of Indian wars ended in 1886 with the capture of
Geronimo, a chief of the Chiricahua Apaches
Wovoka had a vision thag
A deliverer would come and rescue the Indians if they did the Ghist Dance each full moon
An accidental rifle discharge led nervous soldiers to fire
At the Indians who had surrendered. Ended with a brutal misunderstanding
Joseph G. McCoy recognized the potential of
Moving the cattle trade west,where cattle could be driven through relatively vacant lands. Set up in Abilene, Kansas
In the absence of laws governing the open range?
Cattle ranchers at first worked out a code of behavior largely directed by circumstances