Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

APUSH > Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (75):

What was the critical period?

The time the USA was under the Articles of Confederation


The Articles of Confederation established a

Unicameral congress dominated by state legislatures that appointed its members


What couldn't the Congress do?

Levy taxes, regulate foreign or interstate commerce, pay off nations' debts, no power to enforce provisions


Who was Robert Morris?

Superintendent of finance in the final years of the war, developed a program of taxation and debt management to make the national government more stable


What would the Bank of North America do?

Hold government funds, lend money to the government and issue currency


Morris's program depended on

The government having a secure income and it foundered the requirement if unanimous state approval for the amendments of the state constituents


What was the Newburgh Conspiracy?

The camp of GW had grown restless, and the officers feared the land grants promised would never be issued.


A delegation of concerned army members traveled to Philly, where they soon found

Themselves drawn into a scheme to line up army officers and public creditors with nationalists in Congress and confirmed the states with threats unless they yielded more power to Congress?


What was GW's reaction to the Newburgh Conspiracy?

He sympathized with the Basic purpose of Hamilton's scheme. But Washington convinced that a military coup would be both dishonorable and dangerous


GW thought that threatening a mutinous coup violated

The very purposes of the war and directly challenged its own integrity


Under the Articles of Confederation, land not included within the 13 original states

Became public domain, owned and administrated by the national government


Under the land ordinance that Jefferson wrote in 1784,

When a territory's population equaled of the smallest existing state, it would be qualified for statehood?


Land Ordinance of 1785?

It outlined a plan for land surveys and sales that would eventually stamp a rectangular pattern on much of the nation's surface


The terms of 1785 favored



What was the NW ordinance?

At first the territory fell subject to a governor, a secretary, and three judges. Once at 5000 male adults, it could have an assembly


What were the difference between NW ordinance and royal colonies?

Once at 60,000 free inhabitants, it could have statehood, secondly they had a bill of rights, and no slavery


The NW ordinance had a larger importance,

It represented a sharp break with the imperialistic European expansion, and Western territories. Equals rather than subordinate colonies


The Treaty of Fort Sranwix?

The Iroquois were forced to cede land in western New York and Pennsylvania


Treaty of Hopewell?

The Cherokees gave up all claims in SC, mush of western NC, and large portions of Kentucky and Tennessee


Commercial agriculture dependent upon trade with foreign makers

Collapsed during the war because of the British liberating slaves and British decision to close West Indies from trade


After the war, American ships could not

Carry British goods anywhere else


After the war, American

Trade flourished because it wasn't just with Britain


Why were there British forts along the Canadian border?

It was justified because America failed to pay their pre war debts


What did the Treaty of Paris guarantee to Tories?

Immunity for 12 months so they could return from Canada or Great Britain to wind up their affairs


By the end of 1787, all the states had

Rescinded laws in conflict with the peace treaty


The right to send boats and barges down the Mississippi was crucial to the growing American settlements in Kentucky and Tennessee, but

Louisiana Spanish's governor closed the river to American commerce and began to conspire with indians and settlers against the U.S.


most people were affected by

economic troubles and the acute currency shortage after the war


Steak governments and post special taxes on British vessels and special tariffs on the goods they brought the United States

But it failed to work because of the lack of uniformity among the states


Skilled workers want to bury his greatest team from the states tariffs on imports

That competed with their goods


Short of cash and other post more economical difficulties gave rise to more immediate demand for

Paper currency for postponement of tax in debt payments and for laws to delay the foreclosure of mortgages


What was the main problem with Shays rebellion

Too little paper money and high taxation


Shays and his followers saw a more flexible monetary policy

Laws allowing them to use corn and wheat as money in the right postpone paying taxes until the postwar agricultural depression lifted


The federal government responded to Shays rebellion

By sending a militia that put down the rebellion as well as a call to revise the articles of confederation


Where did the Constitutional convention meet



Patrick Henry who was a foe centralized government

Refused to represent his state


The people who attended the Constitutional convention were

Extremely diverse in their occupations but all had experiences in the revolution


Benjamin Franklin was able to provide

Wit and commonsense behind the scenes


James Madison was the ablest

Political Philosopherin the entire group


Eldridge Gerry earned the nickname

Old Grumbletonain does he opposed everything that he didn't propose


James Madison emerged as the

Central figure at the convention


The conceiving eloquence of James Madison's arguments proved



On certain fundamentals they generally agreed

That government derives its just powers from the consent of the people that society must be protected from the tyranny of the majority of the people at large must have a voice in the government and that is stronger central government is necessary


What was the Virginia plan

That the delicate scrap their instructions to revise The articles of Confederation instead draft a new paper


Who was the one who propose separate legislative executive and judicial branches

James Madison


The Congress would be divided into two houses

Laura house chosen by the citizens and upper house of senators elected by state legislators


It was the New Jersey plan

It's sought out to keep existing structure of equal representation of the states in a unicameral Congress but give Congress the power to levy taxes and regulate commerce in the authority to make an executive and the Supreme Court


What was the great compromise

The more Populous states won appointment by the population in the House of Representatives and all states won equality in the Senate


According to James Madison the real difference of interest

Lies between the northern and southern states


Framers of the Constitution did not even consider the possibility of abolishing slavery

Nor did they view the enslaved people as human beings whose right should be protected by the Constitution


What did John Rutledge propose

Religion in humanity have nothing to do with this labor question interest alone is the governing principle of nations


Because slaves made up the majority of the population in the southern states

The seven states wanted them to be counted as peoples so that they could have bigger representation in Congress


Norners were willing to count slaves for each state's share of taxes

But not representation


It's finally compromise that slaves

Would be counted as 3/5 of people


Congress cannot prohibit that trans Atlantic slave trade

Before 1808


Constitutional delegates found it irrevenant

Talk about the role of Women


The Constitution prohibits any future emigrant from

Being president limiting office to a natural born citizen


What was the first naturalization law

Denied citizenship to people of African descent


The delicates establish that the United States was to be

Representative not literal democracy


The new president would have

Vito over acts of Congress subject to being overwritten by two thirds vote in each house commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces and responsible for the execution of the laws make treatiesWith the advice and consent of two thirds of the Senate


Chief executive could not

Declare war or peace, could be removed from office by a two thirds vote of the Senate


Who were the leading nationalists Constitution

James Madison James Wilson and Alexander Hamilton


Before long nearly all the states were choosing

The presidential electors by popular vote and the electors forecasting the votes as they have played them before the election


What could the Supreme Court do

Review congressional actions judicial review in cases involving both state and federal laws


Although the Constitution extend vast new powers to national government

The delegates miss trust of uncheck power is a parent and repeated examples of countervailing forces


Amendments can be proposed either by

Two thirds vote of each vote in the national Congress or buy a convention specially called upon application of two thirds of the state legislators


Amendments can be ratified by

Approval of three fourths of the states or in special conventions


Who were the federalist

Advocates the new constitution


Who were the anti-Federalist

Opponent who favored a more decentralized federal system


Yorker Gilbert living stone spoke for many when he called

The debate the greatest transaction of their lives


What were the federalist greatest advantages

Their leaders have been members of the Constitutional convention were already familiar with the disputed issues in the document they were not only better prepared but also better organized in on the whole made up more able leaders in the political community


Federalist leaders were more likely to be

Young man who Public credit had begun during the revolution


View of the constitutional supporters liked it

In it's entirety, but most believe that it was the best document obtainable


What was the The Federalist

A collection of essays in New York newspapers that was instigated by Alexander Hamilton James Madison and John J the essays that they need the principle of the supreme national authority while reassuring doubters that people have little to fear about Tyranny


Madison argued that the diversity of the expanding United States

Would make it impossible for any single faction to form a majority that could dominate the government


Manison contradicted the conventional wisdom of the time

Which insisted that republics can only survive in small homogeneous countries