Chapter 15-16 Civil War Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15-16 Civil War Deck (85):
1

Who came up with the compromise of 1850?

Henry Clay

2

What are the parts of the compromise of 1850 for the North?(2)

California admitted as a free states
Slave trade abolished in Washington D.C.

3

What are the parts of the compromise of 1850 for the South?(3)

New Mexico and Utah Territories organized under popular sovereignty
Federal government assumed Texa's debt; Texas game up western land claims
A more effective Fugitive Slave Law

4

What is a nickname for the Fugitive Slave Law?

the man stealing act

5

When does William Lloyd Garrison want freedom of slaves?

"now"

6

What does Uncle Tom's Cabin do?

split the North and South even more

7

Who introduced the Kansas Nebraska act?

Stephen Douglas

8

What did the Kansas Nebraska act allow?

popular sovereignty

9

Why is there a mass rush into the Kansas territory?

whichever group has more people will gain that state as either a free or a slave state

10

How did the two groups interact in Kansas?

through fighting

11

Who attacks in the Sack of Lawrence?

proslavery forces

12

Who did John Brown raid and where?

a few proslavery people on the Pottawatomiea Creek

13

Was Sumner proslavery or antislavery?

antislavery

14

Was Brooks reelected and supported by South Carolina?

yes

15

Who is Dred Scott, the slave, named after?

Winfield Scott

16

Did Dred Scott eventually gain freedom even after being denied freedom by the courts?

yes

17

What did the supreme court make unconstitutional on the issue of slavery?

the missouri Comprimise

18

What political office were the Lincoln Douglas debates for?

Senate

19

What did John Brown predict?

slavery cannot be removed without blood shed

20

What is the main factor of Lincoln's victory in the election?

the democratic party had two canidates

21

What was the first state to leave the union?

South Carolina

22

What is the purpose of the Crittenden Compromise?

to keep the union together

23

By the senatorial campaign of 1858 many Americans believed that the nations democratic institutions would provide what?

a lasting political solution to the issues associated with slavery

24

How successful was the Compromise of 1850?

it failed to come to grips with several important issues

25

The law passed in 1850 that generated emotional opposition in the North was the what?

new fugitive slave law

26

One warning in 1852 of a coming crisis was the what?

difficulty the political parties had in selecting their presidential nominees.

27

The federal legislation that pushed the national party system into crisis was the

Kansas Nebraska Act

28

In her letter to her sister, Florella Adair indicated what?

free-soil men faced being murdered by pro slavery ruffians

29

Nativist politics in the 1850's were shaped by the

Know Nothings

30

With the election of 1856, the Republican party did what?

established themselves as a viable political party

31

In the Dred Scott decision chief Justice Roger Taney declared what about African Americans?

they were not citizens of the US and had no legal rights

32

The Dramatic event that helped further polarize the nation in 1859 was?

John Brown's raid on the arsenal at Harpers Ferry

33

As the secession crisis began, Abraham Lincoln refused to do what?

consider any compromise that allowed the expansion of slavery.

34

What type of ship was the U.S.S Alabama?

commerce

35

How many slaves did the Emancipation Proclamation free?

none, it could not be enforced

36

Lecompton Constitution

the second of the proposed constitutions for the state of Kansas written to protect slavery and exclude free blacks

37

Dred Scott Decision

a landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court held that African Americans, whether slave or free, could not be American citizens and therefore had no standing to sue in federal court

38

Harper's Ferry raid

assault by an armed band of abolitionists led by John Brown on the federal armory located at Harpers Ferry, Va.

39

Compromise of 1850

series of compromise measures passed by the U.S. Congress in an effort to settle several outstanding slavery issues and to avert the threat of dissolution of the Union.

40

Lincoln Douglas debates

a series of seven debates between Abraham Lincoln, the Republican candidate for the Senate in Illinois, and Senator Stephen Douglas, the Democratic Party candidate

41

Uncle Tom's Cabin

is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe

42

Freeport Doctrine

the ideas articulated by Stephen A. Douglas at the second of the Lincoln-Douglas debates on the issue of slavery

43

Brooks attacks Sumner

a fight on the senate floor between a proslavery senator and an abolitionist.

44

Sack of Lawrence

pro-slavery activists attacked and ransacked the town of Lawrence, Kansas

45

Election of 1860

the election of Abraham Lincoln with 4 candidates of 4 parties.

46

Constitutional Union Party

a political party made up of conservative former Whigs who wanted to avoid secessionism over the slavery issue

47

Pottawatomie Massacre

John Brown and a band of abolitionist settlers — some of them members of the Pottawatomie Rifles — killed five settlers north of Pottawatomie Creek

48

Crittenden Compromise

an unsuccessful proposal introduced by Kentucky Senator John J. Crittenden aiming to resolve the U.S. secession crisis

49

Anaconda Plan

the Union plan to constrict the South through naval blockades.

50

Iron Clad

 a steam-propelled warship in the early part of the second half of the 19th century, protected by iron or steel armor plates

51

Battle of Bull Run

the first major land battle of the American Civil War.

52

Stonewall Jackson

The nickname of Thomas Jackson because of his military strategy of creating solid forces in a line.

53

Battle of Antietam

the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Union soil. It is the bloodiest single-day battle in American history

54

Battle of Shiloh

a major battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War

55

U.S.S. Alabama

civil war ship used for blockading the Confederate states.

56

Battle Monitor and Merrimac

most important naval battle of the American Civil War  because it was the first meeting in combat of ironclad warships

57

Contraband

the slaves who fought in the civil war for the Union.

58

Fort Pillow Massacre

Confederate slaughter of black Federal troops stationed at Fort Pillow, Tennessee.

59

54th Massachusetts

he first official African American units in the United States during the Civil War

60

Andersonville Prison

largest Confederate war prison

61

Battle of Gettysburg

the turning point of the civil war that involved the largest number of casualties of the entire war.

62

Siege of Vicksburg

final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War

63

Sherman's March to the Sea

the march of General Sherman's union troops from Atlanta to Savanna, Georgia.

64

Thirteenth Amendment

abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime

65

U.S. Sanitary Commission

a private relief agency created by federal legislation on June 18, 1861, to support sick and wounded soldiers of the U.S. Army during the American Civil War

66

Clara Barton

a pioneer American teacher, patent clerk, nurse, and humanitarian.

67

Copperheads

Northern democrats who were anti war.

68

New York City Draft Riots

the Irish rebellion of the draft

69

Election of 1864

The second election of Abraham Lincoln

70

John Wilkins Booth

the assassin of Abraham Lincoln

71

What was an important federal agency that helped the Union soldiers during the Civil War?

US Sanitary Commission

72

Why did Lincoln occasionally violate American civil rights?

in order to protect national security

73

What was the guiding principle for Abraham Lincoln during the war?

obtaining reconciliation with the South to ensure the survival of the nation

74

What was crucial to the Union's ultimate victory?

its campaigns along the Mississippi River

75

What were the two significant events that were turning points in the war?

the federal victory at Gettysburg and the Union's capture of Vicksburg

76

General Ulysses S. Gran't approach to the war was what?

to pursue unconditional victory aggressively despite the cost to his own forces.

77

The new Republican party?:

prospered because of Northern outrage over "Bleeding Sumner" and "Bleeding Kansas".

78

Stephen A. Douglas argued in his Freeport Doctrine during the Lincoln-Douglas debates that?:

action by territorial legislatures could keep slavery out of the territories.

79

When the Supreme Court ruled in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) that the Missouri Compromise (1820) was an unconstitutional infringement on property rights, the Supreme Court was exercising?:

judicial review

80

At the outset, President Lincoln held that the Civil War was being fought to?:

preserve the Union.

81

The United States Congress during the Civil War did what three things?:

Adopted a tariff, a homestead law, and a transcontinental railroad.

82

Suspension of the writ of habeas corpus for all people living between Washington and Philadelphia provides evidence of which of the following?:

presidential power increased during the Civil War.

83

The key event that guaranteed Lincoln's re-election in 1864 was?:

the fall of Atlanta to General Sherman.

84

During the Civil War, most of the Five Civilized Tribes in the Indian Territory of present-day Oklahoma supported who?:

The Confederacy

85

States that sold public lands granted to them under the Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862 were required to use the income to?:

promote public education in agriculture.