Chapter 21 Progressive Era Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 21 Progressive Era Deck (28):
1

Who founded one of the first settlement houses and what was it called?

Jane Addams, Hull House

2

What was the main goal of the settlement movement?

getting the rich and poor in society to live more closely together in an interdependent community

3

What is Teddy Roosevelt's nickname?

the Trust Buster

4

What belief was fundamental to the progressive movement

the belief that citizens could improve society

5

Leaders of the settlement house movement used what?

politics to bring about effective reform

6

Galveston, Texas, introduced a progressive form of urban government based on what?

city commissioners

7

Initiative, referendum and recall were political reforms that did what?

gave the people greater voice in the government

8

What was the judicial model for defending progressive reforms?

the Brandeis Brief

9

Which African American Leader helped create the Niagara movement?

W.E.B. Du Bois

10

What did the 16th Amendment do?

it granted congress the power to tax income

11

What did the 17th Amendment do?

Provided for the direct election of US Senators

12

What did the 18th Amendment do?

Prohibited making, selling, or transporting alcohol.

13

What did the 19th Amendment do?

it granted women the right to vote

14

What did the Federal Reserve Act do?

it create a central banking system

15

What did the Supreme Court conclude from the Muller vs. Oregon?

women's work hours should be limited

16

What did the Hepburn Act regulate?

railroads

17

What did initiative allow?

voters to petition state legislatures in order to consider a bill desired by citizens.

18

What was referendum?

an election that allows voters to decide if a bill or proposed amendment should be passed.

19

Who wrote about political corruption by NYC's political machine, Tammany Hall, led by Boss Tweed?

Thomas Nast

20

Who wrote about the Standard Oil Company and exposed the oil trusts?

Ida Tarbell

21

Who wrote the Jungle?

Upton Sinclair

22

What agreement struck in 1895 between African-American leaders and Southern white leaders?

Atlanta Compromise

23

Who led the Niagara Movement?

W.E.B. DuBois

24

What organization ensures the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

25

What organization did Eugene V. Debbs lead?

Industrial Workers of the World 

26

What were the campaign speeches and promises of Woodrow Wilson in the 1912 presidential campaign?

New Freedom

27

What was the Temperance Movement fighting for?

prohibition

28

What was the first Trust to be busted?

Northern Securities Company