Chapter 8 A New Nation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 A New Nation Deck (72):
1

What happened to the economy?

inflation

2

What was the first meeting after revolution?

Annapolis Convention

3

What was the second meeting after the revolution in order to create a better government?

Constitution Convention

4

What state did not send delegates to the convention?

Rhode Island

5

What is the Virginia plan?

a congress with representatives by population

6

What is the New Jersey plan?

a congress equal with two senators per state

7

What is the 3/5ths compromise?

for every 5 slaves is 3 people

8

Was slavery mentioned in the constitution?

no

9

Who is the father of the constitution?

James Madison

10

What is the name of the people who support the constitution?

Federalists

11

What is the name of the people who want more local state government?

anti-federalists

12

Who is washington's vice president?

John Adams

13

Who is washington's secretary of state?

Thomas Jefferson

14

Who was Washington's Attorney General?

Edmund Randolph

15

Who was Secretary of the Treasure for Washington?

Alexander Hamilton

16

Who was the Secretary of War for Washington?

Henry Knox

17

What does the elastic clause do?

it gives a lot of freedom to the government

18

What does Alexander Hamilton want for economic recovery?

to recover debts of both the nation and states

19

What does Alexander Hamilton suggest in order to remove the debt?(3)

Bank of America,bonds, and protective tarriffs

20

How is the debt good?

it unites the nation for a common cause

21

What was the cause of the whiskey rebellion?

taxes in the west

22

Who is Little Turtle?

Indian leader who fought against the Americans in Little Turtle's war.

23

What did the Treaty of Greenville do

Native Americans are kicked out of Indiana, Ohio, Michigan

24

Who is citizen Genet?

a French citizen who recruit America to fight in French Revolution

25

Who creates the Neutrality Proclamation?

America

26

What was Washington's three points of farwell?

neutrality, friendly to all nations, national military academy

27

What does Washington warn about?(2)

stay clear of permanent alliances and political parties

28

What did Jay's treaty do?

it forced Great Britain out of America

29

What two cabinet figures caused a split in American politics?

Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson

30

What was the xyz affair?

an French-American diplomatic relation scandal

31

Who was John Bull?

the British "Uncle Sam"

32

Did we give money to France for the war?

yes

33

What was the cause of the Fries rebellion?

a tax in Pennsylvania against a war tax.

34

What treaty starts fresh in treaties with France?

Treaty of Convention of 1800

35

What does the Alien act allow?

the president is allowed to kick out aliens.

36

What does the Naturalization Act change?

the time to become a citizen from 5 to 14

37

What does the Sedition Act create?

the law against criticizing the government

38

How many people died in the revolution in 1800.

no one

39

Who was Judith Sargent Murray?

a feminist who especially promoted women education.

40

What is republican motherhood?

the women are to raise good citizens

41

The most important result of Shay's Rebellion was?

the response by Americans who wanted a stronger national government

42

A significant element in the crisis of the 1780's was the?

fear by many Americans that state taxes and heavy debt would ruin them economically

43

The Americans who wrote the Constitution of the US represented who?

the ideals of the social and economic elite

44

The Constitution of the US guaranteed what?

the continuation of slavery in the South

45

The early years of the new federal government were especially important because

they set precedences that shaped the way the nation would develop in later years

46

An important goal of Alexander Hamilton was to

establish the good credit of the new nation and to protect American Manufacturers

47

Regarding relations with the Indian peoples, the new government of the United State pursued what policies?

confusing and quite often contradictory policies

48

In the early years of the republic, Spain did what?

took steps to block American expansion to the west

49

The XYZ Affair involved diplomatic relations between the US and

France

50

One result of the peaceful transfer of power in 1800 was

an expansion in the popular interest in politics

51

Jeffersonian Republicans played an important role in establishing a free press in the United States by

their actions in opposing the Sedition Act

52

In order to become a law, a bill in Congress must?:

pass both houses of Congress in identical form.

53

Under the Constitution, the status of the western Indian tribes was?:

not clearly defined.

54

In the Constitutional Convention, voting qualifications were made residual powers because of the?:

widespread variation of voting requirements in the states.

55

According to the U. S. Constitution, revenue bills must originate with?:

the House of Representatives.

56

During the early 1780s, the authority of the national government was vested in what branch?:

the legislative branch.

57

The positions of loose construction and strict construction of the Constitution were first established in letters written by Hamilton and Jefferson to President Washington. The letters concerned?:

the issue of creating a Bank of the United States.

58

The primary issue in dispute in Shay's Rebellion was?:

the jailing of individuals or seizure of their property for failure to pay taxes during a time of economic hardship.

59

The Judiciary Act of 1789 did what?:

established a system of lower federal courts.

60

The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions argued that the right to determine the constitutionality of a law passed by Congress rested in?:

the states

61

What were three causes of the mega inflation?

Shortage of goods because of the British blockade, demand of the army, and flood of paper currency

62

What was the result of the great compromise?

A bicameral congress

63

What did Mercy Otis Warren lead?

A critique of the new Constitution.

64

What did the intercourse act do?

It regulated trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes

65

Where in the constitution does it declare the president can have a cabinet?

it doesnt

66

What were the positives of the Articles of the Confederations?

it kept the nation together, it established townships

67

What were townships?

blocks of land that divided up in the west

68

What did the North West Ordinance do?

outlawed slavery and set up how to become a state

69

What did citizen Ghent do?

he was a French Citizen who was trying to establish American support for the French war

70

What did the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions do?

vetoed the Alien and Sedition Act

71

Who dueled Hamilton?

Aaron Burr

72

What was the cause of the Barbary Wars?

North African pirates invaded the Meditteranean