Flashcards in Chapter 8 A New Nation Deck (72):
What happened to the economy?
What was the first meeting after revolution?
What was the second meeting after the revolution in order to create a better government?
What state did not send delegates to the convention?
What is the Virginia plan?
a congress with representatives by population
What is the New Jersey plan?
a congress equal with two senators per state
What is the 3/5ths compromise?
for every 5 slaves is 3 people
Was slavery mentioned in the constitution?
Who is the father of the constitution?
What is the name of the people who support the constitution?
What is the name of the people who want more local state government?
Who is washington's vice president?
Who is washington's secretary of state?
Who was Washington's Attorney General?
Who was Secretary of the Treasure for Washington?
Who was the Secretary of War for Washington?
What does the elastic clause do?
it gives a lot of freedom to the government
What does Alexander Hamilton want for economic recovery?
to recover debts of both the nation and states
What does Alexander Hamilton suggest in order to remove the debt?(3)
Bank of America,bonds, and protective tarriffs
How is the debt good?
it unites the nation for a common cause
What was the cause of the whiskey rebellion?
taxes in the west
Who is Little Turtle?
Indian leader who fought against the Americans in Little Turtle's war.
What did the Treaty of Greenville do
Native Americans are kicked out of Indiana, Ohio, Michigan
Who is citizen Genet?
a French citizen who recruit America to fight in French Revolution
Who creates the Neutrality Proclamation?
What was Washington's three points of farwell?
neutrality, friendly to all nations, national military academy
What does Washington warn about?(2)
stay clear of permanent alliances and political parties
What did Jay's treaty do?
it forced Great Britain out of America
What two cabinet figures caused a split in American politics?
Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson
What was the xyz affair?
an French-American diplomatic relation scandal
Who was John Bull?
the British "Uncle Sam"
Did we give money to France for the war?
What was the cause of the Fries rebellion?
a tax in Pennsylvania against a war tax.
What treaty starts fresh in treaties with France?
Treaty of Convention of 1800
What does the Alien act allow?
the president is allowed to kick out aliens.
What does the Naturalization Act change?
the time to become a citizen from 5 to 14
What does the Sedition Act create?
the law against criticizing the government
How many people died in the revolution in 1800.
Who was Judith Sargent Murray?
a feminist who especially promoted women education.
What is republican motherhood?
the women are to raise good citizens
The most important result of Shay's Rebellion was?
the response by Americans who wanted a stronger national government
A significant element in the crisis of the 1780's was the?
fear by many Americans that state taxes and heavy debt would ruin them economically
The Americans who wrote the Constitution of the US represented who?
the ideals of the social and economic elite
The Constitution of the US guaranteed what?
the continuation of slavery in the South
The early years of the new federal government were especially important because
they set precedences that shaped the way the nation would develop in later years
An important goal of Alexander Hamilton was to
establish the good credit of the new nation and to protect American Manufacturers
Regarding relations with the Indian peoples, the new government of the United State pursued what policies?
confusing and quite often contradictory policies
In the early years of the republic, Spain did what?
took steps to block American expansion to the west
The XYZ Affair involved diplomatic relations between the US and
One result of the peaceful transfer of power in 1800 was
an expansion in the popular interest in politics
Jeffersonian Republicans played an important role in establishing a free press in the United States by
their actions in opposing the Sedition Act
In order to become a law, a bill in Congress must?:
pass both houses of Congress in identical form.
Under the Constitution, the status of the western Indian tribes was?:
not clearly defined.
In the Constitutional Convention, voting qualifications were made residual powers because of the?:
widespread variation of voting requirements in the states.
According to the U. S. Constitution, revenue bills must originate with?:
the House of Representatives.
During the early 1780s, the authority of the national government was vested in what branch?:
the legislative branch.
The positions of loose construction and strict construction of the Constitution were first established in letters written by Hamilton and Jefferson to President Washington. The letters concerned?:
the issue of creating a Bank of the United States.
The primary issue in dispute in Shay's Rebellion was?:
the jailing of individuals or seizure of their property for failure to pay taxes during a time of economic hardship.
The Judiciary Act of 1789 did what?:
established a system of lower federal courts.
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions argued that the right to determine the constitutionality of a law passed by Congress rested in?:
What were three causes of the mega inflation?
Shortage of goods because of the British blockade, demand of the army, and flood of paper currency
What was the result of the great compromise?
A bicameral congress
What did Mercy Otis Warren lead?
A critique of the new Constitution.
What did the intercourse act do?
It regulated trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes
Where in the constitution does it declare the president can have a cabinet?
What were the positives of the Articles of the Confederations?
it kept the nation together, it established townships
What were townships?
blocks of land that divided up in the west
What did the North West Ordinance do?
outlawed slavery and set up how to become a state
What did citizen Ghent do?
he was a French Citizen who was trying to establish American support for the French war
What did the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions do?
vetoed the Alien and Sedition Act
Who dueled Hamilton?