Chapter 9 An Agrarian Republic Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 An Agrarian Republic Deck (85):
1

Who owned the Louisiana Territory after the Seven Years War?

Spain

2

What was the first African independent state in this hemisphere.

Haiti

3

Who was the leader of the rebellion in Haiti?

L'Ouverture

4

What percent of the population lived in cities at this point?

3%

5

What trade is key to Charleston?

cotton

6

What is the key product of Baltimore

Tobacco

7

What is the key product in Philadelphia

wheat

8

What is the clipper?

a new design of ship with tall sails and is very sleek

9

Who is our biggest trade partner?

Britian

10

What is the Empress of China?

A boat that helps us trade with China

11

What was the Jefferson idea of the amount of Government?

"the less government, the better"

12

What does Laissez fair mean?

leave it alone

13

What are the midnight judges?

judges who were appointed the last day of Adams presidency

14

Why did Marbury sue Madison?

he was told he was going to be a judge but did not end up getting the appointing by Adams.

15

Who won the Marbury vs. Madison?

Madison

16

What is the result of the Marbury vs. Madison trial?

it gave the court more power by establishing the declaring unconstitutional phrase

17

Who wins the Aaron Burr vs Alexander Hamilton duel? And what is his intentions.

Burr tries to set up a new nation

18

When do we take possession of Louisiana

1803

19

What was the goal of Lewis and Clark?

to find a water way for the west

20

Who is arrested by the Spanish for spying?

Pike

21

As Americans entered the 1800's they found what

the nation's role in international affairs still remained uncertain

22

The American economy in the early nineteenth century was what

Was predominantly rural and agricultural throughout the nation.

23

The inauguration of President Thomas Jefferson was a significant occasion because

it marked the peaceful transition of power from one party to another

24

The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who established the independence of the federal judiciary was?

James Madison

25

Where did Long explore?

the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains

26

Thomas Jefferson believed what about the expansion?

it was essential to liberty

27

What happens to many of the US Ships?

they are seized by both the British and French

28

What is impressment?

forcing men to join an army and navy usually kidnapped

29

How many Americans were impressed?

10,000

30

What British ship attacked the USS Chesapeake?

the British ship Leonard

31

What did the Embargo act do?

it eliminated all trade

32

What did the Embargo act do to the US economy?

it hurt America businesses even more than other nations

33

What did the nonintercourse act allow that the embargo act didn't.

allow trade with other nations other than England and France

34

What is Gerry Mandering

changing the boundaries of the parties in the House of Representatives

35

Who is considered the true first lady?

Dolly Madison

36

What were the two Shawnee leaders who emerged?

Tecumseh and "Prophet"

37

What are the two Shawnee leaders ideas?

go back to the olden times before Europeans arrived

38

What was the treaty of Fort Wayne?

a treaty signed between several tribes and Govenors of the Indian territory that sold two millions acres of land to the US

39

How did the natives get additional weapons?

the British gave it to them

40

What is another name for the War of 1812?

Mr. Madison's War

41

What was the main cause of the War of 1812?

the British were messing with our ships

42

What were war hawks?

group of pro war congressmen

43

What was Macon's Bill Number Two?

a way to go reward and punish Britain or France

44

Why did Britain have little troops and soldiers over in America?

the Napoleonic Wars in Europe

45

What was Commander Perry?

a great naval leader

46

How did we win in the navy fighting?

through the use of privateers

47

Why was the Constitution ship called the "Old Ironsides"

cannon balls would fall off of it

48

Where did the worst Indian Massacre occur?

Fort Mimms, Alabama

49

Who won the battle of horseshoe bend?

Jackson and his army

50

What was the first state to threaten leave the union?

New England

51

What killed the federalist party?

the demands of New England

52

Who was John C. Calhoun?

the mounth piece for the southern states

53

Who was Daniel Webster

the representative of the northern states

54

Who is Henry Clay and what is his nickname?

he was the representative for the western states and was considered the great compromisers

55

What three points were in Henry Clay's American System?

national bank, tariff on imported goods to protect the American Manufacturers, and national system of roads and canals

56

What happened when the US national bank charter expired?

the US economy was unstable

57

When was the second National Bank instituted?

1816

58

What kind of Tariff was the Tariff of 1816

a protective tariff to protect new industries

59

What does the Erie cnal do?

connects the great lake to the Atlantic Ocean from Lake Erie to the Hudson River

60

What was the first national highway?

Cumberland Road

61

What was the decision in the McCulloch v. Maryland?

it established national supremacy proving that a state cannot tax the federal government

62

What did the Gibbons v. Ogden trial create?

an institution or company in multiple states is managed by the national government

63

What does 36, 30 line also called?

the Missouri Compromise line

64

What does Jefferson feel about the Missouri Compromise?

it does not solve the problem

65

What did the Monroe Doctrine state?

to leave independent states as they are and not any new colonies

66

As the US expanded to the West, what was the common American belief?

Mexico provided an ideal opportunity for further territorial acquisition.

67

What were the three effects of Governmental policies regarding Indians?

white encroachment, Indian resistance, and ultimately tribal defeat

68

The new generation of politicians who openly resisted British influence in North America were called?

War Hawks

69

The Hartford Convention expressed what?

New England Federalists' opposition to the War of 1812

70

What indicated the success of Jeffersonian Republicans and the end of Federalists?

the Era of Good Feelings

71

John Quincy Adam's most successful effort as secretary of state was what?

the dealing with Spain over Florida

72

The Missouri Compromise revealed what?

The US was very divided over slavery.

73

Were Americans satisfied with the territorial growth at this point?

no

74

In Marbury v. Madison, Chief Justice John Marshall argued successfully that the Supreme Court could?:

declare federal laws unconstitutional.

75

How much was Louisiana purchased for?

15,000,000

76

Between 1806 and 1809, non-importation, non-intercourse, and embargo acts sought to?:

forced Great Britain to recognize American rights.

77

One of the immediate results of the new transportation routes constructed during the "Canal Age" was?:

an increased white settlement in the Northwest.

78

The issuance of the Monroe Doctrine in 1823 was prompted by?:

the fear that France might intervene in Latin America to restore Spanish colonial rule.

79

As a result of the "Corrupt Bargain"?:

John Quincy Adams became president.

80

In the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812, how well were the matters resolved?:

nothing was settled beyond a restoration of the prewar status quo

81

During both the Washington and Jefferson administrations, the Western settlers' most urgent and consistent demand on the federal government was for the?:

guaranty of an outlet to the sea for their produce.

82

Chief Justice John Marshall asserted that only Congress, not the states, possessed the power to control interstate commerce. The case was?:

Gibbons v. Ogden.

83

The congressional election of 1810 was important because it?:

added a number of young, western, anti-British representatives to the House.

84

In the Rush-Bagot Treaty, Great Britain and the United agreed?:

to limit their naval forces on the Great Lakes.

85

Recent historians describe the "Era of Good Feelings" as?:

free of ideological disputes.