Flashcards in Chapter 24 30's and Depression Deck (39)
What happened on "black Tuesday"
the stock market crashed
Who is Dorthea Lange?
a famous photographer during the Great Depression
What was the Bonus Army?
veterans of World War I who camped in Washington and demanded their bonus early
Who won the Election of 1932
What was the 3 parts of the New Deal?
Relief, Recover, Reform
Who were the "Brain Trust"
group of advisers who assisted FDR in making early economic policy
What is the RFC and what did it do?
Reconstruct Finance Corporation that gave money to the state governments to improve the economy
What is the CCC and what did it do?
Civilian Conservation Corps and it gave unemployment relief
What is the FERA and what did it do?
Federal Emergency Relief Administration and it directed federal money for relief, funneled through state and local governments.
What is AAA and what did it do?
Agricultural Adjustment Administration that brought federal farm aid
What is the NIRA and what did it do?
National Industrial Recovery Act and it used self-regulating industrial codes to revive economic activity
What is the PWA and what did it do?
Public Works Administration and it increased employment by starting federal public work projects
What did the Emergency Banking Relief Act do?
it enlarged federal authority over private banks
What did the Emergency Relief Appropriations Act do?
It created Large scale public work programs for the jobless
What did the Social Security Act do?
it gave pensions to old-aged citizens and gave unemployment insurance
What did the National Labor Relations Act do?
guaranteed the right to organize trade unions and collective bargain
What did the Resettlement Administration do?
Relocated poor rural families and started reforestation and soil erosion projects
What did the National Housing Act do?
funded public housing and slum clearance
What did the Fair Labor Standards Act do?
established minimum wage and maximum hours
What did the Wagner Act do?
it guaranteed basic rights of workers to organize into trade unions
What was the Congress of Industrial Organizations?
a federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions.
What did the National Reclamation Act do?
it funded irrigation projects for the arid lands of 20 states
What did the Federal Writers Project do?
funded writers all across the country
Who was the key speaker on the Fireside chat?
Who used the Blue Eagle?
companies that wanted to show compliance with the National Industrial Recovery Act
Who were in the American Liberty League?
conservative Democrats that opposed the New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt
What did Father Coughlin do?
he used the radio to reach a mass audience to criticize FDR
What did Francis Townsend propose?
a monthly pension of $200 for all citizens over 60
What did Huey Long propose?
a "share the wealth" program
Who was Frances Perkins?
the first woman appointed to the U.S. cabinet. She was the U.S. Secretary of Labor
What was the "New Deal coalition"?
FDR's fan club that later supported the democratic party until the 1960's
Who was Henry Wallace?(3)
33rd Vice President of the United States, the Secretary of Agriculture, and the Secretary of Commerce
Where was Boulder Dam and what is its current name?
on the Colorado River, Hoover Dam
What did the Grapes of Wrath focus on?
the migration of the Okies from Oklahoma during the Dust Bowl
What did the Schecter v. US case do?
overturned the NRA
What did the court packing plan propose to do?
replace the older judges on the Supreme Court with new ones
What was the Black Cabinet?
an informal group of African-American public policy advisors to United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt
What did Mary MacLeod Bethune do?
she founded a school for African American students in Florida