Chapter 24 30's and Depression Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 24 30's and Depression Deck (39):
1

What happened on "black Tuesday"

the stock market crashed

2

Who is Dorthea Lange?

a famous photographer during the Great Depression

3

What was the Bonus Army?

veterans of World War I who camped in Washington and demanded their bonus early

4

Who won the Election of 1932

FDR

5

What was the 3 parts of the New Deal?

Relief, Recover, Reform

6

Who were the "Brain Trust"

group of advisers who assisted FDR in making early economic policy

7

What is the RFC and what did it do?

Reconstruct Finance Corporation that gave money to the state governments to improve the economy

8

What is the CCC and what did it do?

Civilian Conservation Corps and it gave unemployment relief

9

What is the FERA and what did it do?

Federal Emergency Relief Administration and it directed federal money for relief, funneled through state and local governments.

10

What is AAA and what did it do?

Agricultural Adjustment Administration that brought federal farm aid

11

What is the NIRA and what did it do?

National Industrial Recovery Act and it used self-regulating industrial codes to revive economic activity

12

What is the PWA and what did it do?

Public Works Administration and it increased employment by starting federal public work projects

13

What did the Emergency Banking Relief Act do?

it enlarged federal authority over private banks

14

What did the Emergency Relief Appropriations Act do?

It created Large scale public work programs for the jobless

15

What did the Social Security Act do?

it gave pensions to old-aged citizens and gave unemployment insurance

16

What did the National Labor Relations Act do?

guaranteed the right to organize trade unions and collective bargain

17

What did the Resettlement Administration do?

Relocated poor rural families and started reforestation and soil erosion projects

18

What did the National Housing Act do?

funded public housing and slum clearance

19

What did the Fair Labor Standards Act do?

established minimum wage and maximum hours

20

What did the Wagner Act do?

it guaranteed basic rights of workers to organize into trade unions

21

What was the Congress of Industrial Organizations?

a federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions.

22

What did the National Reclamation Act do?

it funded irrigation projects for the arid lands of 20 states

23

What did the Federal Writers Project do?

funded writers all across the country

24

Who was the key speaker on the Fireside chat?

FDR

25

Who used the Blue Eagle?

companies that wanted to show compliance with the National Industrial Recovery Act

26

Who were in the American Liberty League?

conservative Democrats that opposed the New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt

27

What did Father Coughlin do?

he used the radio to reach a mass audience to criticize FDR

28

What did Francis Townsend propose?

a monthly pension of $200 for all citizens over 60

29

What did Huey Long propose?

a "share the wealth" program

30

Who was Frances Perkins?

the first woman appointed to the U.S. cabinet. She was the U.S. Secretary of Labor

31

What was the "New Deal coalition"?

FDR's fan club that later supported the democratic party until the 1960's

32

Who was Henry Wallace?(3)

33rd Vice President of the United States, the Secretary of Agriculture, and the Secretary of Commerce

33

Where was Boulder Dam and what is its current name?

on the Colorado River, Hoover Dam

34

What did the Grapes of Wrath focus on?

the migration of the Okies from Oklahoma during the Dust Bowl

35

What did the Schecter v. US case do?

overturned the NRA

36

What did the court packing plan propose to do?

replace the older judges on the Supreme Court with new ones

37

What was the Black Cabinet?

an informal group of African-American public policy advisors to United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt

38

What did Mary MacLeod Bethune do?

she founded a school for African American students in Florida

39

Who was the Secretary of the Treasury during the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt

Henry Morgenthau