Chapter 7 American Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 American Revolution Deck (51)
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1

One advantage the United States enjoyed as the American Revolution began was what?

officers and troops who had gained military experience by fighting in the various colonial wars.

2

The most important element of the US in the victory against Great Britain was what?

the Commitment of the Continental Army

3

The largest number of loyalists who left the United States during the Revolution moved where?

Canada

4

What was the first nation to sign a formal treaty of alliance with the US?

France

5

Which side did the Indians support for the most part?

Great Britain

6

Did the slaves participate in the war?

yes, they supported the war effort in a variety of ways

7

To the British, the war was turned upside-down at where?

Yorktown

8

What type of government did the Articles of Confederation create?

a relatively weak central government

9

What was Congress's major task in the 1780's?

passing important ordinances dealing with the western territories and with the admission of new states.

10

The most famous African American writer during the Revolutionary era was?

Phyllis Wheatly

11

How many Americans were killed in the war?

25,000

12

How did women participate in the war(3)?

some fought, some travelled with the soldiers, some just stayed at home and supported the effort

13

How did the patriots treat the loyalists?

they took away all of their civil rights

14

Why was Benedict Arnold considered the most hated man in America.

He was a war hero who became a traitor

15

What was the original British strategic plan?

take New York City then take albany, completely cutting off New England.

16

Who won the Battle of Long Island?

the British

17

Did the war continue on after Yorktown?

yes but only in minor battles

18

When does the war finally end?

1783

19

Who were the Hessians?

hired British mercenaries

20

What battle was considered the turning point of the war?

Saratoga

21

Why did the soldiers get mad at the government?

they did not receive a penchant

22

What was the name of the speech given to the soldiers after the war and who gave it?

Newburgh Address by George Washington

23

What do land ordinances do?

set up blocks of land/townships

24

What does the Northwest ordinance establish?

allow a petition to become a state

25

What two reasons did we have the revolutionary war?

for less taxes and more freedom

26

Who was Mercy Otis

a political writer who thought politics and war were thought to be the province of men

27

What side was General William Howe on?

British

28

What is Valley Forge and what happened to many there?

a military camp in Pennsylvania consisting of many log cabins. Many soldiers died of disease and starvation.

29

Who led the battles of Trenton & Princeton on the colonial side and what major strategy did he use?

Washington used the element of surprise by sneaking up on the Delaware.

30

What two things were significant about the Battle of Saratoga?

it was a turning point in the revolution and it helped convince the French to fight on the American side