Chapter 5-6 Cultures of the Colonies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5-6 Cultures of the Colonies Deck (84)
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1

What were some of the items and techniques that natives used from the Europeans? (5)

firearms, metal tools, log homes, horses, and commercial economy

2

What European power had better relations with the natives?

the French

3

What was the natives largest concern?

the British Expansion

4

What is the largest and most prosperous European colony in North America in the 18th century?

New Spain

5

What was the most sophisticated city in the new world in the 18th century?

Mexico city

6

Why did Spain only control St. Augustine in Florida?

fierce fighting among the Spanish, British, and the Indians

7

What is the main reason New Spain added northern colonies?

for self defense against the English and French

8

Why was settling in California difficult for the Europeans? How did they solve it?

the natives were very resistant until they gave gifts to the natives

9

What was the name of the missionaries in California. How did they control the natives.

Franciscan missionaries who used cruel and violent means.

10

What two European nations constructed a Catholic Empire.

France and Spain

11

What was the shape of the French trade and alliance network and what is their strategy?

a crescent to block the British expansion

12

Where were the communities of farmers in New France and where were they located?

habitants along the St. Lawrence river between Quebec and Montreal.

13

Where were the most profitable French enterprises in North America?

the Lower Mississipi settlements

14

Did the French and the natives combine elements?

yes

15

What was the main religion of New England besides Rhode Island? (general)

Puritan including different puritan congregations.

16

How was Church and State linked in New England

the freemen of the church voted on the minister and other rules for the colony

17

Was Puritan religion freely practiced?

no

18

Who fought for religious toleration and where did they found a colony?(2)

Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson founded Rhode Island

19

How did Religious toleration come to the colonies?

through the toleration act

20

Which colony was one of the most ethically and religiously diverse populations on the continent?

New York

21

What is a good analogy of the mixing of cultures in New York?

a salad bowl

22

Why did the middle colonies grow much faster than the other English colonies?

the high immigration rates

23

What religious group founded Pennsylvania and what was their view on religious toleration?

the Quakers and they were comfortable with religious toleration.

24

What colony's population was pushing beyond its border by a long shot into the Appalachian highlands?

Pennsylvania

25

Did many of the Pennsylvania and Virginia settlers have legal titles to the land they occupied and did they care if the Indians were there first?

no and no

26

What percentage of the southern population in 1750 was slaves?

40 %

27

What was the state religion in the Chesapeake colonies?

the Church of England

28

What was the building organization of the lower south plantations.

a main house looking over the plantation with various slave houses and other small buildings

29

Which colonies were more well developed as a community?

the Chesapeake

30

Why did the population expand so quickly of the British colonies?

more children and a lower death rate, Religious toleration, allowed migration of forefingers.