Flashcards in Chapter 5-6 Cultures of the Colonies Deck (84)
What were some of the items and techniques that natives used from the Europeans? (5)
firearms, metal tools, log homes, horses, and commercial economy
What European power had better relations with the natives?
What was the natives largest concern?
the British Expansion
What is the largest and most prosperous European colony in North America in the 18th century?
What was the most sophisticated city in the new world in the 18th century?
Why did Spain only control St. Augustine in Florida?
fierce fighting among the Spanish, British, and the Indians
What is the main reason New Spain added northern colonies?
for self defense against the English and French
Why was settling in California difficult for the Europeans? How did they solve it?
the natives were very resistant until they gave gifts to the natives
What was the name of the missionaries in California. How did they control the natives.
Franciscan missionaries who used cruel and violent means.
What two European nations constructed a Catholic Empire.
France and Spain
What was the shape of the French trade and alliance network and what is their strategy?
a crescent to block the British expansion
Where were the communities of farmers in New France and where were they located?
habitants along the St. Lawrence river between Quebec and Montreal.
Where were the most profitable French enterprises in North America?
the Lower Mississipi settlements
Did the French and the natives combine elements?
What was the main religion of New England besides Rhode Island? (general)
Puritan including different puritan congregations.
How was Church and State linked in New England
the freemen of the church voted on the minister and other rules for the colony
Was Puritan religion freely practiced?
Who fought for religious toleration and where did they found a colony?(2)
Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson founded Rhode Island
How did Religious toleration come to the colonies?
through the toleration act
Which colony was one of the most ethically and religiously diverse populations on the continent?
What is a good analogy of the mixing of cultures in New York?
a salad bowl
Why did the middle colonies grow much faster than the other English colonies?
the high immigration rates
What religious group founded Pennsylvania and what was their view on religious toleration?
the Quakers and they were comfortable with religious toleration.
What colony's population was pushing beyond its border by a long shot into the Appalachian highlands?
Did many of the Pennsylvania and Virginia settlers have legal titles to the land they occupied and did they care if the Indians were there first?
no and no
What percentage of the southern population in 1750 was slaves?
What was the state religion in the Chesapeake colonies?
the Church of England
What was the building organization of the lower south plantations.
a main house looking over the plantation with various slave houses and other small buildings
Which colonies were more well developed as a community?