Flashcards in Chapter 29 Deck (33)
What was the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?
a joint resolution that the United States Congress passed in response to the naval Gulf of Tonkin Incident near Vietnam
Who were the Vietcong
a political organization and army in South Vietnam and Cambodia that fought the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War
What was Operation Rolling Thunder?
aerial bombardment campaign conducted against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
Who was General Westmoreland?
United States Army four-star general, who commanded U.S. military operations in the Vietnam War at its peak, including during the 1968 Tet Offensive
What did the Credibility gap describe?
public skepticism about the Lyndon B. Johnson administration's statements and policies on the Vietnam War
What was SDS?
Students for a Democratic Society that took an active role against the Vietnam War
What did the students in the Free Speech Movement want?
the university administration of the University of California lift the ban of on-campus political activities and acknowledge the students' right to free speech and academic freedom.
What were Teach-ins?
general educational forums on any complicated issue, usually an issue involving current political affairs
What is Napalm and how was it used?
a mixture of a thickening/gelling agent and petroleum or a similar fuel used as a chemical in the Vietnam war
What did "The Other America" by Michael Harrington study?
poverty in the US
What was "The Great Society"
a set of domestic programs in the United States first announced by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson at Ohio University
What was the OEO
Office of Economic Opportunity
What was the Tet Offensive?
one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army against the forces of South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies
Who was James Earl Ray?
an American criminal convicted of the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
What does VISTA stand for?
Volunteers in service to America
What was Black Power and what group was associated with it?
a political slogan and a name for various associated ideologies aimed at achieving self-determination for people of African/Black descent/Black Panthers
Who was Stokley Carmichael
a Trinidadian-American black activist active in the 1960s American Civil Rights Movement
Who wrote the Feminine Mystique and what did it start?
Betty Friedan which is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States
What does NOW stand for?
National Organization for Women
What was the Stonewall Riots?
a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay community
Who are considered Chicano?
Mexican-Americans in the United States
What does AIM stand for?
American Indian Movement
What was the Alcatraz Sit-in
an occupation of Alcatraz Island by the group Indians of All Tribes (IAT)
Who were the Silent Majority?
an unspecified large majority of people in a country or group who do not express their opinions publicly
Who is Henry Kissinger?
an American diplomat and political scientist. A recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, he served as National Security Advisor and later concurrently as Secretary of State
What was the My Lai Massacre
the Vietnam War mass murder of between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam on March 16, 1968
What was the Ping-pong diplomacy?
the exchange of table tennis (ping-pong) players between the United States and People's Republic of China (PRC) in the early 1970s.
What was the cause of the Kent State Massacre?
students protesting against the Cambodian Campaign in Vietnam
What was SALT
two rounds of bilateral talks and corresponding international treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union on the issue of armament control
What was the EPA?
Environmental Protection Agency
What was the Watergate Scandal?
major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s as a result of the June 17, 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C.
What was the Saturday Night Massacre?
U.S. President Richard Nixon's executive dismissal of independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox, and the resignations of Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus on October 20, 1973 during the Watergate scandal