Chapter 25 World War II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 25 World War II Deck (39):
1

During most of the 1930's, Franklin Roosevelt understood that the only way to end the Great Depression was for what?

a major war to break out in Europe

2

The War Powers Act established what?

a broad executive authority that would shape presidential power even after the war ended.

3

What was the U.S. strategy employed in the Pacific?

Island Hopping

4

Who were the code talkers?

soldiers during the world wars who used their knowledge of Native-American languages as a basis to transmit coded messages

5

What did Rosie the Riveter represent?

American women who worked in factories

6

What were the Zoot-Suit Riots

a series of riots that broke out in Los Angeles, California, between Anglo American sailors and Marines stationed in the city and Latino youths

7

What did A. Philip Randolf do?

he organized and led the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the first predominantly black labor union, led the March on Washington Movement, which convinced President Franklin D. Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 8802, banning discrimination in the defense industries

8

What did the SPAB- Supply Priorities and Allocation Board do?

oversaw the use of scarce materials and resources

9

What did the OPA- Office of Price Administration do?

it checked the threat of inflation

10

What did the NWLB- National War Labor Board do?

mediated disputes between labor and management

11

What did the WMC- War Manpower Commission do?

it directed the mobilization of military and civilian services

12

What did the OWM- Office of War Mobilization do?

it coordinated operations among all the agencies

13

What did the OWI- Office of War Information do?

engaged press, radio, and film industry in an informational campaign

14

What was the Bracero Program

a series of laws and diplomatic agreements for the importation of temporary contract laborers from Mexico to the United States

15

What was the Manhattan project?

a research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II

16

What event is related to this quote: "a date which will live in infamy"

Pearl Harbor

17

Who was the father of American shipbuilding?

Henry Kaiser

18

What was WAACs?

Women's Army Auxiliary Corps

19

What did the Nye Committee do?

investigated the financial and banking interests which underlay United States' involvement in World War II

20

Was the America First Committee pro or anti war?

anti war

21

What did the Lend Lease Act promote?

the Defense of the United States

22

What was the War Powers Act?

a federal law intended to check the president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of Congress

23

What did Korematsu v. U.S. concern?

the constitutionality of Executive Order 9066, which ordered Japanese Americans into internment camps during World War II regardless of citizenship

24

Who were the Big Three?

Joseph Stalin, FDR, and Winston Churchill

25

What was Operation Overlord code name for?

the Battle of Normandy, the operation that launched the invasion of German-occupied western Europe during World War II by Allied forces

26

What theater was George Patton known for leading in?

European theater

27

What were the 6 major conferences in order?

Casablanca, Cairo, Tehran, Quebec, Yalta, Potsdam

28

Who was the supreme commander of the allied Forces in Europe?

General Eisenhower?

29

What was Lebensraum?

an important component of Nazi ideology in which territorial expansionism is used to gain Lebensraum as being a law of nature for all healthy and vigorous peoples of superior races to displace people of inferior races

30

What were the Nuremberg Laws?

antisemitic laws in Nazi Germany introduced at the annual Nuremberg Rally of the Nazi Party

31

What happened at Dunkirk?

an important battle in the Second World War between the Allies and Germany in which the British and French forces retreated to Great Britain.

32

What did the Atlantic Charter define?

the Allied goals for the post-war world

33

Where did Operation Torch take place?

French North Africa 

34

Who was the "desert fox"

General Erwin Rommel of the British Eighth Army

35

Who was Douglas MacArthur

an American general and field marshal of the Philippine Army who was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II

36

What happened at the Bataan Death March?

the forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000–80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war after the three-month Battle of Bataan in the Philippines during World War II

37

What were the two cities destroyed by the atomic bomb?

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

38

What major region did Japan invade?

Manchuria

39

What is Nisei

a Japanese-language term used in countries in North America, South America and Australia to specify the children born to Japanese people in a new country