Chapter 22 World War I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 22 World War I Deck (27):
1

What was the critical cause of the Great War?

a complex and vulnerable system of secret Alliances between European nations

2

What was the immediate cause for America's direct involvement in the war?

Germany's resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare

3

The American war effort reflected the concepts of what reform group?

progressives

4

What did the eighteenth Amendment do?

gave Congress the authority to enact prohibition

5

In 1917, the Bolshevik Revolution brought who to power in Russia?

radical Marxist

6

Warren G. Harding's idea of a "return to normalcy" repudiated whose ideas?

Woodrow Wilson

7

What was the treaty signed by the US and Panama that established the Panama Canal Zone?

HayBunau-Varilla Treaty

8

Who did the Gentlemen's Agreement help integrate in schools?

Japanese students

9

What is the name for the use of economic control in order to maintain foreign policy?

dollar diplomacy

10

What conference helped end the Russo-Japan war?

Portsmouth Conference

11

Who are the ABC powers who negotiated a deal for peace with Mexico?

Argentina, Brazil, and Chili

12

What nations were originally in the Triple Alliance?

Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire

13

What nations were originally in the Triple Entente?

Britain, France, and Russia

14

Who were "Hyphenated" Americans?

Americans who were of foreign birth or origin and displayed an allegiance to a foreign country

15

What was the name of the promise made to the U.S. from Germany instituting the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare?

Sussex Pledge

16

What was the name of the telegram to Mexico from Germany?

Zimmermann note

17

What government agency used propaganda to convince American people to accept the war?

Committee of Public Information

18

What key suffragist campaigned for the Nineteenth Amendment?

Carrie Chapman Catt

19

What did the espionage act do?(3)

it prohibited interference with military operations or recruitment, prevented insubordination in the military, and prevented the support of U.S. enemies during wartime

20

What did the Sedition Act do?

extend the espionage act to remove negative opinion against the government or bonds

21

What Supreme Court Case involved the Espionage Act?

Schenck v. U.S.

22

What was the main fear behind the red scare?

communism was going to take over the US

23

What is the name of the American force that originally fights in Europe?

AEF, American Expeditionary Force

24

What U.S. Infantry consisted of some of the most decorated African American fighters?

369th U.S. infantry

25

What U.S. general led the AEF?

John J. Pershing

26

What was the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front

Meusse-Argonne Offensive

27

Who were the irreconcilables?

the group of U.S. senators that refused to accept the treaty and the league of Nations