Chapter 10-13 Slavery in the South Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10-13 Slavery in the South Deck (67):
1

What fuels the industrial revolution in America?

textiles

2

What is the advantage of interchangeable parts?

faster manufacturing

3

When did the importation of slaves end?

1820

4

Why what was the nickname of the South?

King Cotton

5

How many slaves were involved in cotton growing in 1850?

55%

6

What was the Gang System?

a large group of slaves working all day

7

What was one way to threaten slaves?

"sold down the river" to a harsher climate

8

What type of slaves are more informed and treated for the most part better.

The house servants

9

What is the average life expectancy of whites?

43

10

What is the average life expectancy of blacks?

30

11

How many slave marriages were broken up?

1 in 5

12

What did the second great awakening do?

it spread Christianity to the slaves

13

What type of slave rebellion is hidden Covert or Overt?

Covert

14

What were the biggest slave rebellions?(3)

Nat Turner, Gabrielle, Vesey

15

Why would free slaves stay in the South?(2)

they may have family or they may have a job

16

What was the purpose of the Black Codes?

to regulate free blacks.

17

What was the effect of Black Codes on Blacks?

they had little civil rights

18

What is a Yeoman?

a small farmer who works his own fields

19

What is the largest percentage group of the population in the South?

the Yeoman

20

What was considered the richest county in America in 1850?

Natchez, Mississippi

21

What did William Lloyd Garrison do?

he wrote the Liberator against slavery

22

What was the gag rule?

congress cannot bring up anything about slavery

23

What did the Grimke Sisters do?

they spoke out against slavery

24

What areas are in the black belt?

Western Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi

25

What was Alabama Fever?

The mass movement of southerners into Alabama

26

How was Southern Slavery and Northern Industry linked?

The North invested in Southern cotton farming.

27

Why were southern states loosing their political dominance?

The population of the north was growing much more rapidly.

28

What were slaves gathered in before they were sold?

Slave pens

29

What percent of slaves were field slaves?

75%

30

How were slaves forced to work on the fields?

They were whipped.

31

Why were house slaves the first ones to leave?

They were more in the know than the ones out on the field and they commonly did not have other African Americans with them at all.

32

Why might a slave owner allow slaves to marry?

They will produce more future slaves.

33

What movement brought Christianity to slaves?

The second great awakening.

34

What were black codes?

Laws concerning free black people

35

What was a crucial element in the rapid growth of cotton production between 1790 and 1840?

the technological innovation that occurred in Great Britain

36

As a result of large scale cotton production in the South all the money was where?

in the land in slaves

37

The organization of slave labor on large plantation were

the gang system

38

The result of slaves' existence was what?

the development of strong familial and nonkinship relationships

39

The ideology that southerners developed to rationalize their treatment of slaves was what?

paternalism

40

The paternalistic view of slavery held that?:

slavery was necessary to protect blacks from the mistreatment and abuse they would receive if they were freed.

41

Hinton R. Helper's The Impending Crisis of the South was intended as?:

an argument against slavery as an economic institution.

42

Antislavery sentiment underlay the formation in 1840 of the?:

Liberty Party.

43

Which was true of free blacks living in the North during the thirty years prior to the Civil War?:

racial tensions often exploded into riots

44

The American Colonization Society was an antislavery organization that?:

advocated the forced shipment of freed slaves to Africa.

45

William Lloyd Garrison pledged his dedication to?:

the immediate abolition of slavery in the South

46

What was the main result of the rapid growth of American cities during this period?

the deepening of sharp class differences

47

The temperance movement resulted in what?

a sharp drop in the per capita consumption of alcohol

48

The area of upstate New York that experienced numerous waves of reform was known as the what district?

Burned-over district

49

The first American college to allow African American and female students was?

Oberlin

50

What was an effective way Americans responded to the market economy?

by developing a deep and profound passion for improving society

51

What is the name of the slave ship that escaped American and Spanish control by a slave rebellion?

Amistad

52

Who wrote American Slavery as it is?

Theodore Dwight Weld and the Grimke Sisters

53

What happened at the Astor Place Riot?

a riot in a theatre in New York between immigrants and native born

54

What are Big City Machines?

Large Scale formal governments inside of a city.

55

What religion did Brigam Young promote and where did he promote it?

Mormonism in Utah

56

What did Catherine Beecher want?

women's education

57

What was the main characteristic of the Oneida community?

a weird system of family systems and marriage

58

What document was a copy of the Declaration of Independence but for women and where was it written?

Declaration of Sentiments at the Seneca Falls Convention

59

Who led the asylum movement and fought for women rights?

Dorothea Dix

60

What is the name for promoting Christianity?

Evangilism

61

What institution fought for rights of women and countered prostitution?

Female Reform Society

62

Who was the leader of the second great Awakening?

Finney Charles

63

What did Harris Mann want?

a reform of education

64

What mormon leader was killed?

Joseph Smith

65

Who wrote the abolitionist newspaper the Liberator?

William Lloyd Garrison

66

What were the millerites?

a break off group of society who felt that Jesus would come in 1843

67

What did the Missouri Compromise do?

prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory north of the parallel 36°30′ north except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri.