Chapter 19 The Incorporation of America Flashcards Preview

AP US History > Chapter 19 The Incorporation of America > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 19 The Incorporation of America Deck (33):
1

What did Herbert Spencer believe?(3)

->competition was "the law of life" and resulted in the "survival of the fittest" in human society
->laissez faire
->financial traits are inheritted

2

What was the idea behind rugged individuals?

a true individual will solve his/her own problem and does not need the government to help

3

What term did Mark Twain use to describe this time period?

the Gilded Age

4

What are Robber Barons

industrial leaders who were considered to be "robbing" from the people for their own profits

5

What are Industrial Statesmen?

industrial leaders who is improving society

6

What is horizontal integration?

a monopoly of a single product for an entire market

7

What is vertical integration?

a monopoly of an entire production for a single product

8

What are pools?

3 or 4 members who divide a market so everyone makes a profit

9

What are trusts?

a board that is a combination of several companies that makes decisions for all companies to maximize profit.

10

What are interlocking directorates?

boards of directors of different companies having sufficient members in common to ensure that the companies involved are under the same control by buying stocks

11

What is the original purpose of oil?

lamp fuel

12

What is Frederick W. Taylor the father of?

Scientific Management

13

What was the first U.S. nation wide union?

National Labor Union

14

Who was Terrance V. Powderly?

the head of the Knights of Labor

15

What did knights of labor promote?

an 8 hour workday

16

What was an important manufacturing innovation at the end of the nineteenth century??

continuous production

17

Between 1865 and 1900, the growth of big business in America was facilitated by what to things??

horizontal integration and vertical combination

18

To justify the wealth, many American businessmen embraced the ideology of what??

social Darwinism

19

The American Federation of Labor appealed to whom??

skilled workers and concentrated on improving their wages

20

What were the two most important urban transportation innovations between 1870 and 1900??

street cars and elevated railroads

21

Thorstein Veblen described the wealthy class's extravagance as what??

conspicuous consumption

22

The famous educator who emphasized industrial training for African American students was who??

Booker T. Washington

23

Towards the end of the 1800's what became the major form of popular entertainment?

sports such as baseball

24

Who is Fredrick Omsted?

the father of American landscape architecture

25

Who was James Duke and what did he do?

a U.S. tobacco and electric power industrialist best known for the introduction of modern cigarette manufacture

26

Who was the main founder of the Standard Oil Company?

John D. Rockefeller

27

What did the Sherman Antitrust act do?

prohibits certain business activities that federal government regulators deem to be anticompetitive

28

Who wrote the Gospel of Wealth?

Andrew Carnegie

29

What was the first federation of labor unions in the US?

American Federation of Labor

30

Who was H.H. Richardson?

prominent American architect

31

An important factor in the rapid development of industry in the United States during the last half of the 19c was?:

the availability of capital for investment purposes.

32

A long-range influence of Samuel Gompers on the American labor movement was his advocacy of?:

non-involvement in party politics.

33

J. P. Morgan monitored his competition by placing officers of his bank on the board of companies that he wanted to control. This method was known as a(n)?:

interlocking directorate.