Flashcards in Chapter 26-27 Cold War Deck (40)
What is the International Monetary Fund?
an international bank for reconstruction and development
What is the World Bank?
a United Nations international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs
What is the United Nations?
an intergovernmental organization established to promote international co-operation
What did the Truman Doctrine state?
the U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent them from falling into the Soviet sphere
What was name of the US policy to prevent the spread of communism?
What was the Marshall Plan?
the American initiative to aid Europe by giving economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism
What was NATO?
a system of collective defense whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party
What did the Taft-Hartley Act do?
restrict the activities and power of labor unions
Who were the Dixiecrats?
a segregationist political party that originated as a breakaway faction of the Democratic Party in 1948, determined to protect what they portrayed as the southern way of life beset by an oppressive federal government
What was the Fair Deal?
the domestic reform agenda of the Truman Administration
What was the HUAC
House Committee on Un-American Activities was createcd to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties
Who was Agler Hiss?
an American lawyer, government official, author, and lecturer that was involved in the establishment of the United Nations but was accused of being a Soviet spy
Who were Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
American citizens executed for conspiracy to commit espionage, relating to passing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.
What did Joseph McCarthy do?
he made claims that there were large numbers of Communists and Soviet spies and sympathizers inside the United States federal government and elsewhere
Who was Arthur Miller?
an American playwright and essayist
What did Benjamin Spock write?
Baby and Child Care
What did the G.I. Bill do?
provided a range of benefits for returning World War II veterans
Who is Chiang Kai-shek?
a Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China
Who is Mao Zedong?
a Chinese Communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People's Republic of China
Where was Pusan Perimeter fought?
What was the Inchon Landing?
an amphibious invasion and battle of the Korean War that resulted in a decisive victory and strategic reversal in favor of the United Nations
What is the name of the river that borders North Korea and China?
What is NSC-68?
the principal forum used by the President for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and Cabinet officials and is part of the Executive Office of the President of the United States
Who made the Checkers Speech?
candidate Richard Nixon
What is the NDEA?
National Defense Education Act that providing funding to United States education institutions at all levels
Who wrote the Feminine Mystique and what did it do?
Betty Friedan which is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States
What town was used as an example suburban development?
Who was Chuck Berry?
an American guitarist, singer and songwriter, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music
Who was James Dean?
a cultural icon of teenage disillusionment, as expressed in the title of his most celebrated film, Rebel Without a Cause, in which he starred as troubled teenager Jim Stark.
What was the Suez Crisis?
a diplomatic and military confrontation in late 1956 between Egypt on one side, and Britain, France and Israel on the other, with the United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Nations playing major roles in forcing Britain, France and Israel to withdraw.
Who was Ho Chi Minn?
a Vietnamese communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
What did the Domino Theory state?
if one state in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect
What was the purpose of the Geneva Accord?
to attempt to find a way to settle outstanding issues on the Korean peninsula and to unify Vietnam and discuss the possibility of restoring peace in Indochina
What was the SEATO?
South East Asia Treaty Organization that was an international organization for collective defense in Southeast Asia
What did the Peace Corps do?
provided technical assistance, helping people outside the United States to understand American culture, and helping Americans to understand the cultures of other countries
Who were the Green Berets?
a special operations force tasked with five primary missions: unconventional warfare, foreign internal defense, special reconnaissance, direct action, and counter-terrorism
What was the purpose of Alliance for Progress?
to establish economic cooperation between the U.S. and Latin America
What was the Bay of Pigs?
a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506
What was the purpose of the Warren Commission?
to investigate the assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy