Chapter 14 Expansion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Expansion Deck (44):
1

What two states were once nations in the west?

California and Texas

2

What was the original name of California?

The Great Bear Republic

3

Why is the Battle of the Alamo significant

because it shaped events associated with the expansion of the U.S.

4

The exploration and development of the American West depended on what?

the politics of the national government

5

The manifest destiny of the U.S. was what?

God's desire for the nation to dominate all of North America.

6

The joint occupation of Oregon was an agreement between the United States and who else?

Great Britain

7

In 1821, the government of Mexico allowed Americans to settle in Texas for what reason?

to provide a buffer against hostile Indian tribes

8

What was the primary proposal by Democrats in the 1844 presidential election?

the reoccupation of Oregon and the re-annexation of Texas

9

The war against Mexico did what inside the U.S.?

generated significant opposition.

10

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo did what two things?

set the Texas border at the Rio Grande and ceded California and New Mexico

11

President James K. Polk and other expansionists wanted to obtain California in order to

spread Americans commerce into Asia.

12

Who had the most domination in the California gold rush, companies or individuals?

companies

13

What did the Wilmot Proviso declare?

slavery would be prohibited in any territory that might be acquired from Mexico.

14

The "free soil" movement did what?

advocated outlawing the further extension of slavery.

15

A significant issue in the election of 1848 was what?

how to deal with the issue of expansion of slavery in the newly acquired territories.

16

Spot Resolutions

resolutions requested President James K. Polk to provide Congress with the exact location (the "spot") upon which blood was spilt on American soil

17

Comstock Lode

the first major discovery of silver ore in the United States that is located in Nevada

18

Wilmot Proviso

a statement declaring that slavery would be prohibited in any territory that might be acquired from Mexico

19

Lewis Cass

 the losing nominee of the Democratic Party for president in 1848

20

Popular Sovereignty

the principle that the authority of the government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives.

21

Liberty Party

a minor party that was an early advocate of the abolitionist cause

22

Free Soil Party

a short-lived political party that's main purpose was opposing the expansion of slavery into the western territories, arguing that free men on free soil comprised a morally and economically superior system to slavery. 

23

John C. Freemont

the first candidate of the anti-slavery Republican Party for the office of President of the United States

24

Empresarios

a person who has a contract with the Mexican government for land.

25

Santa Anna(Antonio Lopez)

a Mexican leader who took on many political and military positions before and during the Mexican American war. He is often considered the Napoleon of the West.

26

Tejano

Spanish word for Texan

27

49'ers

gold seekers who traveled to California in 1849

28

49th parallel

the proposed border of Canada and the U.S.

29

54'40' or Fight

the popular slogan that led President Polk to victory of obtaining the entire Oregon territory

30

Oregon Trail

the commonly used pathway for pioneers and companies traveling to Oregon and California

31

Marcus Whitman

led the first large party of wagon trains along the Oregon Trail to the West, establishing it as a viable route for the hundreds of thousands of immigrants who used the trail in the following decade

32

Rendezvous system

a system including meeting expos for fur traders

33

In Congress, most of the criticism of the Mexican War came from the?:

Whigs

34

President Zachary Taylor favored what about slavery in future Mexican territory

swift admission of new states from the Mexican Cession, with the issue of slavery decided by the local inhabitants

35

The Senate rejected annexing Texas drawn up by Secretary of State Calhoun because?:

he defended annexation as a way to protect and defend slavery.

36

The Pre-Emption Action of 1841?:

legalized settlement on federal land prior to its being surveyed.

37

One reason for the Anglo-Texan rebellion against Mexican rule was that?:

the Anglo-Texans wanted to break away from a government that had grown too authoritarian.

38

According to the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, the United States?:

gained California and New Mexico.

39

Had it passed, the Wilmot Proviso would have?:

prohibited slavery in any territory won from Mexico.

40

The prominent issue in national politics in the 1840s was?:

the westward expansion of U. S. territory.

41

What was the nickname of the Mexican American war?

Mr. Polk's war

42

What were the name of the Oklahoma Land Rushers who snuck out on the land early?

sooners

43

Who were the Exodusters?

African Americans migrating from the South

44

What was the pony express?

a mail service