Chapter 2 Colonial Beginnings Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Colonial Beginnings Deck (37):
1

What was Ann Hutchinson trialed for?

teaching unorthodox religious ideas

2

What is the difference between the puritans and the separatists?

the Puritans want to fix the church
the separatists want to leave the church

3

What happened to the English Colony of Roanoke?

it mysteriously disappeared within a few years of being established.

4

What was the pilgrim's governmental document?

the mayflower compact

5

The Portuguese interest in exploring Atlantic trade routes to the Indies was sparked by what?

the ottomans over land trading

6

According to the journal of Christopher Columbus, the natives he found were able to convert to Christianity because?

they had no religion

7

What was critical to the success of the Hernan Cortes expedition?

Indian allies and European disease

8

What was three important crops transplanted to the New World?

coffee rice and sugar.

9

Who forced the French to locate their colonies in the North Atlantic Region?

Spanish

10

Where did the Dutch originally establish their trading posts?

New York

11

Roger Williams is best known in American history as?

an early champion of religious freedom.

12

In founding the colony of Georgia, James Oglethorpe's primary purpose was to?

provide a refuge for English debtors

13

What was a proprietary colony and what is an example of one?

a colony like New Jersey that was run as a privately owned estate.

14

Were women treated more equal in New England than they were in Chesapeake?

no

15

In founding the colony of Pennsylvania, William Penn's primary purpose was to?

provide a refuge for persecuted English Quakers

16

A man's right to vote for governor and members of the General Court inn 17c Massachusetts was based on?

church membership

17

The headright system adopted in the Virginia colony did what?

gave 50 acres of land to anyone who would transport someone [like an indentured servant] to the colony

18

One of the reasons for Roger William's banishment from Massachusetts Bay was his belief that?

the king of England had no right to give away land belonging to the Indians.

19

Anne Hutchinson's teaching threatened to undermine the spiritual authority of the established clergy because she?

claimed believers could communicate directly with God.

20

The Half-Way Covenant was adopted because?

too few second- and third-generation Puritans were willing to testify publicly about their conversion experiences.

21

The CHIEF significance of the Great Awakening was that it?

was the first genuine unified movement of the American colonists.

22

One of the major reasons for social change and the disruption of the English economy in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries was what?

enclosing of pastureland

23

The Spanish monopoly of the New World was broken with

the English defeat of the Spanish Amada

24

What is the most ethically diverse and religiously diverse English Colony by the late seventeenth?

New york

25

By the 1650’s the New England Economy had diversified into what economy's?

farming, fishing, lumbering, shipbuilding, and other enterprises

26

In contrast to Chesapeake, New England communities were mainly what social organization?

family groups

27

About half of the slaves imported to the New World between 1701 and 1810 were delivered to:

the Caribbean basin

28

Mulattoes were free people of what ancestries?

Indian, African and European ancestry

29

Before the 1730’s the most profitable activity of the early Carolina economy was what?

the Indian slave trade

30

Where was the rebellion in September 1739 that was the largest slave revolt of the colonial period?

Stono South Carolina

31

The Essence of the European theory of mercantilism was the belief that?

the states should exert political control of the economy

32

What is the nation of birth for Columbus?

Italy

33

What were the three reasons Spain explored?

God, gold, and glory

34

Why did England take little interest in establishing its own overseas colonies during the early 16th century?

religious conflict when King Henry VIII launched the English Protestant Reformation

35

What are the three ways to set up a colony?

Joint-stock, proprietary, royal

36

What was the main product of Jamestown?

tobacco

37

Who could vote in the House of Burgesses?

anyone with property