Chapter 17 - Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 - Vocabulary Deck (27)
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Psychotherapy

An emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties.

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Biomedical Therapy

Prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system.

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Eclectic Approach

An approach to psychology that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy.

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Psychoanalysis

Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences - and the therapist's interpretations of them - release previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self insight.

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Resistance

In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety laden material.

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Interpretation

In psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight.

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Transference

In psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent).

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Client-Centered Therapy

A humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathetic environment to facilitate clients' growth.

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Active Listening

Empathetic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of Carl Rogers's client-centered therapy.

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Behavior Therapy

Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors.

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Counterconditioning

A behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning.

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Exposure Therapies

Behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treats anxieties by exposing people to things they fear and avoid.

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Systematic Desensitization

A type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias.

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Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy

An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to stimulations of their greatest fears.

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Aversive Conditioning

A type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior.

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Token Economy

An operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange tokens for various privileges or treats.

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Cognitive Therapy

Therapy that teaches new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions.

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

A popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy.

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Family Therapy

Therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family members toward positive relationships and improved communication.

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Regression toward the Mean

The tendency for extremes of unusual scores to fall back toward their average.

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Meta-Analysis

A procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies.

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Psychopharmacology

The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior.

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Tardive Dyskinesia

Involuntary movements of the facial muscles tongue, and limbs.

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Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)

A biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an a anesthetized patient.

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Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS)

The application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity.

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Psychosurgery

Surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in order to change behavior.

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Lobotomy

A now rare psychosurgery procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobe s to the emotion centers of the inner brain.