Flashcards in Prologue - Vocabulary Deck (29)
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Concluded that mind is separable from body and continues after the body dies. Knowledge is innate.
Derived principles from observations. Soul is not separable from the body. Knowledge is not pre existing and grows from experience.
Agreed with existence of innate ideas and the soul being separable from the body.
Founder of modern science. Introduced scientific method.
The mind is a blank slate which experience draws on. Formed modern empiricism.
A view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should rely on observation and experiment.
Created psychology's first experiment. Opened the first psychology school in Leipzig Germany.
Early school of psychology that used introspection to study the elemental structure of the human mind.
Brought structuralism to the U.S.
Observation of ones own mental processes.
A school of psychology that focused on mental and behavioral process.
Developed functionalism. Mentored Mary Calkins.
Taught by William James and then went on to become a memory researcher.
Margaret Floy Washburn
First female psychologist to receive Ph. D.
A perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people. Full growth potential.
Do traits develop from experience or are we born with them?
Nature chooses the best in the species to survive.
Levels of analysis
Differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon.
Gathering of data to build psychology's knowledge base.
Using data and applying it to real life.
A branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders. Practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy.
Looking at day to life, they help people with daily challenges by recognizing their strengths and resources.
Evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of individuals with psychological disorders. (Mental, emotional, and behavioral)
Look at human development from beginning to end of life.
Focuses on higher mental processes such as memory, reasoning, information processing, language, and problem solving.
Interested in describing and understanding individuals' consistency in behavior, which represents their personality. Also concerned with the factors that shape personality with personality assessment.
Focuses on interpersonal behavior and the role of social forces in governing behavior.