Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Second Half Deck (26)
Oldest part of the brain. Responsible for automatic survival functions.
Base of the brainstem that controls heart beats and breathing.
A nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role in arousal.
The brains sensory switchboard located on top of the brainstem. It directs messages to the sensory receiving areas on the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla.
A neural center that is located in the limbic system and helps process explicit memories for storage.
A part of the brain that connects the medulla and the thalamus.
Little brain; it processes sensory input and coordinates movement output and balance.
A doughnut shaped system of neural structures at the boarder of the brain stem and the cerebral hemispheres. Associated with emotions such as fear and anger and drives those such as hunger and sex.
Lima bean sized neural clusters that are components of the limbic system and are linked to emotion.
Directs maintenance activities and helps govern the endocrine system with the pituitary gland. It. Is linked to emotion.
The intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells that covers the cerebral hemispheres. The body's ultimate control and information processing center.
Cells in the nervous system that support, nourish, and protect neurons.
Behind the forehead, involved in speaking, muscle movements, and making plans and judgements.
Back of the head, includes visual areas which receive visual information from opposite visual fields.
Top rear of head; receives sensory input for touch and body position.
Side of head by ears; includes auditory information usually from opposite ear.
An area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements.
An area at the front of the parietal lobe that processes and registers body touch and movement sensation.
Areas of the cerebral cortex that are not involved in primary motor or sensory functions. Rather they are involved in higher mental processes such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking.
He survived after a pole was fired through his brain. After the incident, his personality changed.
Impairment of language usually caused by left hemisphere damage to either Broca's or Wernicke's area.
Language expression; an area of the frontal lobe usually in the left hemisphere that directs muscle movement involved in speech.
Language reception; a brain area involved in language comprehension and expression usually in the left temporal lobe.
Refers to the brains ability to modify itself after some type of injury or illness.
A large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemispheres and carrying messages between them.