Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Vocabulary Deck (43)
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
Periodic psychological fluctuations
The biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle.
Rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur. Also known as paradoxical sleep, because the muscles are relaxed but other body systems stay active.
The relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed and awake state.
Periodic, natural, reversible loss of consciousness - as distinct from unconsciousness resulting from a coma, general anesthesia, or hibernation.
False sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the absence of an external stimulus.
The slow large brain waves associated with deep sleep.
Recurring problems in falling or staying asleep.
A sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks. The sufferer may lapse into REM sleep, often at inopportune times.
A sleep disorder characterized by temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and repeated momentary awakenings.
A sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified; unlike nightmares, night terrors occur during stage 4 sleep, within two to three hours of falling asleep, and are seldom remembered.
A sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person’s mind. Dreams are notable for their hallucinatory imagery, discontinuities, and incongruities, and for the dreamer’s delusional acceptance of the content and later difficulties remembering it.
According to Freud, the remembered storyline of a dream.
According to Freud the underlying meaning of a dream. Freud believed that a dream's latent content functions serve as a safety valve.
The tendency for REM sleep to increase following sleep deprivation.
A social interaction in which one person suggests to another that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur.
A suggestion, made during a hypnosis session, to be carried out after the subject is no longer hypnotized; used by some clinicians to help control undesired symptoms and behaviors.
A split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others.
A chemical substance that alters perception and mood.
The diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the drug’s effect.
The discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of an addictive drug.
A psychological need for a drug, marked by unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when the drug is discontinued.
A psychological need for a drug, such as to relieve negative emotions.
A compulsive drug craving and use.
Drugs that reduce neural activity and slow body functions.
Drugs that depress the activity of the CNS, reducing anxiety but impairing memory and judgement.
Opium and its derivatives, such as morphine and heroin; they depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
Drugs (such as caffeine, nicotine, cocaine, and ecstasy) that excite neural activity and speed up body functions.
Drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes.
A powerfully addictive drug that stimulates the CNS, with speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes; over time, appears to reduce baseline dopamine levels.
A synthetic stimulant and mild hallucinogen. Produces euphoria and social intimacy, but with short term health risks and long term harm to serotonin-producing neurons and to mood and cognition.
Psychedelic drugs, such as LSD, that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input.
A powerful hallucinogenic drug; also known as acid.
A major active ingredient in marijuana; triggers a variety of effects, including mild hallucinations.
An altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death; often similar to drug-induced hallucinations.
The presumption that mind and body are two distinct entities that interact.
The presumption that mind and body are separate aspects of the same thing.
Dreams help us sort out the day's events and consolidate our memories.
Regular brain stimulation from REM sleep may help develop and preserve neural pathways.
REM sleep triggers neural activity that evokes random visual memories, which our sleeping brain weaves into stories.
Dream content reflects dreamers' cognitive development - their knowledge and understanding. Aids in brain maturation.