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Dental Pharmacology > CHF > Flashcards

Flashcards in CHF Deck (17):
1

ACE Is

captopril; enalapril; fosinopril

2

ARBs

losartan; valsartan; candesartan; irbesartan

3

B blockers approved for CHF

metoprolol, carvedilol, bisoprolol

4

a b blocker that potentiates NO in vasculature, is approved for hypertension but not CHF

nebivolol

5

aldosterone antagonists

spironolactone, eplerenone

6

MoA of which drug: increased intracellular availability of Ca for contractile apparatus via inhibition of Na/K ATPase

digoxin

7

Quinidine ... plasma digoxin levels

increases

8

Amiodarone ... digoxin levels by decreasing elimination

increases

9

... can cause slowing of heart rate and digoxin toxicity

veapamil

10

... with digoxin increase potential for arrhythmias due to hypokalemia

diuretics

11

... is a vasodilator that acts directly on the arterial s.m.

hydralazine

12

nitrates

nitroglycerin and nitroprusside

13

B agonist; B1>B2; also A1 agonist; positive inotrope; vasodilator; short term IV "bridge" or intermittant therapy

dobutamine

14

IV inotropic agent; phosphodiesterase inhibitors

milrinone

15

long term oral use of ... in CHF increases mortality

PDE inhibitors

16

B-type natriuretic peptide

nesiritide

17

... oppose vasoconstrictors in CHF

natriuretic peptides