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Dental Pharmacology > Toxicology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Toxicology Deck (17):
1

gastric decontamination: absorbs toxin for excretion or aspiration; efficacy related to ingestion interval

single dose activated charcoal

2

gastric decontamination: natural emetic taken with water; former common usage; advocated for domestic stocking; use now discouraged due to cardiotoxic effects with abuse

syrup of ipecac

3

the constellation of symptoms and signs resulting from any given poison

toxidrome

4

for persistant bradycardia and hypotension in beta blocker toxicity, give IV ..., followed by infusion

glucagon

5

sodium nitrite + sodium thiosulfate + amyl nitrite

cyanide antidote kit

6

besides atropine, another antidote for insecticides is ... which regenerates functional capacity of the acetylcholinesterase

pralidoxime

7

... elevation is a clear sign of lead exposure

proto-porphyrin

8

dimercaprol is a chelating agent for

lead, arsenic, mercury

9

succimer is a chelating agent for

lead

10

EDTA is a chelating agent for

lead

11

penicillamine is a chelating agent for

arsenic, copper

12

deferoxamine and deferasirox are chelating agents for

iron

13

lipophilic chelator for intracellular metal

dimercaprol

14

hydrophilic chelators for extracellular metal

EDTA and succimer

15

the use of ... alone can lead to mercury redistribution to the brain where further toxicity may ensue

DMSA

16

which chelator is used for Wilsons disease

penicillamine

17

treatment for snakebite envenomation

CroFAB