Inhalational Anesthesia Flashcards Preview

Dental Pharmacology > Inhalational Anesthesia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Inhalational Anesthesia Deck (23):
1

Currently approved inhalational anesthetic gas?

Nitrous oxide

2

Currently approved inhalational anesthetic liquids?

isoflurane, sevoflurane, desflurane

3

What hypothesis says that the lipid solubility of a drug determines its activity/potency/MAC?

Myer-Overton Hypothesis

4

relief of pain without intentional production of altered mental state (may be secondary)?

analgesia

5

decreased apprehension with no change in level of awareness?

anxiolysis

6

Protective reflexes maintained; independent maintenance of airway/O2 sat/ventilation; response to verbal or physical stimulation?

conscious sedation

7

profound effects with loss of 1 or more of the components maintained in conscious sedation?

deep or unconscious sedation

8

sensory, mental, reflex and motor blockade; concurrent loss of all protective reflexes?

general anesthesia

9

volatile inhalational agents?

isoflurane, sevoflurane, desflurane

10

what ion are added to the volatile agents to prevent the compound from being explosive?

flouride

11

in a mixture of gases, the partial pressure or tension is proportional to what?

the concentration in overall mixture

12

percentage of drug in admixture X atmospheric pressure

partial pressure

13

what is a measurement of potency for inhalational anesthetics?

minimum alveolar concentration

14

what is an incomplete anesthetic?

N2O

15

the lower the blood:gas coefficient, the ... the drug will take effect

faster

16

what drug has a higher percentage of metabolites?

halothane

17

reflex response to PaCO2 is blocked by all accept ...

N2O

18

True or False: N2O has no significant CV effects

True

19

what agents have an irritating odor?

enflurane, isoflurane, desflurane

20

none of these agents really relieve pain except?

N2O

21

all agents have adverse effects on protective reflexes except?

N2O

22

hepatic toxicity is associated with?

halothane

23

which agents causes seizures?

enflurane