Sedative Drugs Flashcards Preview

Dental Pharmacology > Sedative Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sedative Drugs Deck (15):
1

barbiturates with long duration of action?

phenobarbital and mephobarbital

2

barbiturate with ultra short duration of action and used as anesthesia?

thiopental

3

barbiturates induce which enzymes?

cytochrome p450 enzymes

4

barbiturates bind to which receptors?

GABA

5

barbiturates increase ... of Cl ion channel and hyperpolarization of neurons?

duration of opening

6

barbiturates exacerbate ... ?

porphyria

7

benzodiazepines utilize the same receptors as .... ?

ethanol

8

full benzodiazepine agonist; conscious sedation; pre-medication for dental or minor surgery?

midazolam

9

structurally not related to BZD; partial agonist of 5-HT receptors; affinity for D2 receptors?

buspirone

10

what can block the effect of buspirone?

flumazenil

11

a competitive antagonist at BZD binding site on the GABA receptor; short acting?

flumazenil

12

short acting BZD used for sleep disorders?

triazolam

13

intermediate acting BZD hypnotics?

temazepam and estazolam

14

long acting BZD hypnotic?

flurazepam

15

non BZD hypnotics for sleep disorders?

zolpidem, zaleplon, eszopiclone