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GastroIntestinal (GI) > GI surgery > Flashcards

Flashcards in GI surgery Deck (10):
1

WWhat are the two types of haemorrhage?

Reactionary - immediately after surgery
Secondary - infection, causes 5-10 days after

2

How does Haemorrhage present?

Overt - see blood
Tachycardia
Hypotension
Oliguria - low urine

3

What is the presentation of DVT?

Low grade fever (5-14 days)
Unilateral ankle swelling
Calf or thigh tenderness
Increased leg diameter
Shiny skin

4

What is the prevention of DVT?

Compression stockings
Low-dose subcutaneous heparin

5

How do compression stockings work?

Compress the superficial veins.
Push the blood into the deep veins

6

What are the major respiratory complications in surgery?

Atelectasis
Pneumonia
Pulmonary embolism

7

Chest infection presentation?

Low grade fever (0-2 days)
High grade fever (4-10 days)
Dyspnoea
Productive cough
Confusion

8

How is pulmonary Embolism diagnosed?

CT pulmnary angiogram - best option
V/Q scan

9

What are the gi complications of surgery?

Ileus - paralysis if intestinal motility

Anastomotic dehiscence

Adhesions

10

What are the signs Ileum?

Vomiting

Abdominal distension

Dehydration

Silent abdomen