IFSTA Ch 2 Leadership Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in IFSTA Ch 2 Leadership Deck (30):
1

The act of directing, overseeing or controlling the activities and behavior of employees who are assigned to a particular supervisor.

Supervising

2

The act of controlling, monitoring, or directing a project, program, situation, or organization throug the use of authority, discipline, or persuasion.

Managing
Pg 32

3

The act of controlling, directing, conducting, guiding, and administering through the use of personal behavioral traits or personality characteristics that motivate employees to the successful completion of an organization's goals.

Leading
Pg 32

4

Supervising personnel and managing projects, programs, situations are taught by courses and seminars; Leading is not easily taught or learned. It is based on ______ _____ or ______ that must be developed by the individual.

Personality traits / characteristics
Pg 32

5

7 Behavioral leadership styles:

Basic Leadership style
Two dimensional leadership styles
Contingency leadership theory
Contemporary leadership styles
Theory X
Theory Y
Theory Z

6

Basic Leadership Style consists of 3 categories:

Autocratic - leader tells subordinates what to do; little input
Democratic - leader includes employees with decision making process
Laissez-fair - to allow to do, leader leaves employees to make all decisions
Pg 34

7

Two dimensional leadership style is based on what two deminsions?

Job centered and employee centered
Pg 34

8

Contingency leadership theory is based on the belief that there is ____ _____ _____ leadership style.

No single best; the situation be matched to the leadership style
Pg 34

9

Contemporary Leadership styles is based on 4 separate theories:

Charismatic
Transformational
Transactional - exchange between leader and followers (reward)
Symbolic - top down approach
Pg 34-35

10

The behavioral leadership theory that is based on the average worker dislikes work.

Theory X
Pg 33

11

The behavioral leadership theory that is based on the average worker believing work is natural.

Theory Y
Pg 33

12

The behavioral leadership bases theory on involved workers performing without supervision.

Theory Z
Pg 3

13

What leadership theory is based on employee's perceptions of the unit's goals and objectives?

Path-goal theory
Pg 38

14

Focusing on value driven leadership and proactively living one's own life versus enduring a reactive life, always feeling controlled by another's actions

Principle-entered leadership
Pg 40

15

What distinguishes a _____ from a theory is that a _____ has been ______ through application, while ______ contain only hypotheses that still need to be proven or disproved.

Model / model / proven / theories
Pg 41

16

What are the 4 leadership models?

Basic Leadership Model
Situational Leadership Model
Social Change Model
Alpha Leadership Model
Pg41-43

17

Balanced leadership (within the basic leadership model) fosters _____ and ____ within a unit. The balanced leader leads by ______.

Respect / trust / example
Pg 41

18

Situational leadership model depends on matching the leader's ____ to the ______ of the members of the unit.

Style / maturity
Pg 42

19

Situational leadership model is based on 4 levels of readiness:

Telling -autocratic approach
Selling -convincing members
Participating -relies on input
Delegating -uses limits set by leader and allows members to determine how the task will be accomplished
Pg 43

20

The leadership model that's purpose is to make changes for the betterment of others through leadership.

Social change model
Pg 44

21

The model that is accomplishing a goal based on the relationship between leader, followers, system, and goal.

Alpha leadership model.
Pg 44

22

Alpha leadership model applies three skills:

Anticipating - anticipates trends and patterns
Aligning -
Acting - applying 80/20 rule (Pareto's Principle); 80% of the effort on 20% of the tasks
Pg 44

23

The most basic of leadership traits can be summarized in 5 concepts. A good leader:

1. Sees opportunities
2. Identifies challenges
3. Communicates
4. Plans for success
5. Builds trust
Pg 46

24

5 types of power:

Reward
Coercive
Identification
Expert
Legitimate
Pg 47

25

The power based on subordinates' perception of the leader's authority to punish.

Coercive
Pg 48

26

The possession of control, authority or influence over others:

Power
Pg 47

27

Organizational authority or position power

Legitimate power
Pg 49

28

Legitimate power is derived from one of three sources:

Shared values
Acceptance of a social structure
Sanction of a legitimizing agent
Pg 49

29

To achieve command presence, it is necessary to have the following six personality attributes:

1. Self condfidence
2. Trustworthiness
3. Consistency
4. Responsibility
5. Acceptance
6. Expertise
Pg 50

30

Leadership has been called a trait, ___ _______, a ______, a _____, a characteristic and an _____.

A behavior, skill, talent, an art
Pg 31