Flashcards in IFSTA Ch 2 Leadership Deck (30):
The act of directing, overseeing or controlling the activities and behavior of employees who are assigned to a particular supervisor.
The act of controlling, monitoring, or directing a project, program, situation, or organization throug the use of authority, discipline, or persuasion.
The act of controlling, directing, conducting, guiding, and administering through the use of personal behavioral traits or personality characteristics that motivate employees to the successful completion of an organization's goals.
Supervising personnel and managing projects, programs, situations are taught by courses and seminars; Leading is not easily taught or learned. It is based on ______ _____ or ______ that must be developed by the individual.
Personality traits / characteristics
7 Behavioral leadership styles:
Basic Leadership style
Two dimensional leadership styles
Contingency leadership theory
Contemporary leadership styles
Basic Leadership Style consists of 3 categories:
Autocratic - leader tells subordinates what to do; little input
Democratic - leader includes employees with decision making process
Laissez-fair - to allow to do, leader leaves employees to make all decisions
Two dimensional leadership style is based on what two deminsions?
Job centered and employee centered
Contingency leadership theory is based on the belief that there is ____ _____ _____ leadership style.
No single best; the situation be matched to the leadership style
Contemporary Leadership styles is based on 4 separate theories:
Transactional - exchange between leader and followers (reward)
Symbolic - top down approach
The behavioral leadership theory that is based on the average worker dislikes work.
The behavioral leadership theory that is based on the average worker believing work is natural.
The behavioral leadership bases theory on involved workers performing without supervision.
What leadership theory is based on employee's perceptions of the unit's goals and objectives?
Focusing on value driven leadership and proactively living one's own life versus enduring a reactive life, always feeling controlled by another's actions
What distinguishes a _____ from a theory is that a _____ has been ______ through application, while ______ contain only hypotheses that still need to be proven or disproved.
Model / model / proven / theories
What are the 4 leadership models?
Basic Leadership Model
Situational Leadership Model
Social Change Model
Alpha Leadership Model
Balanced leadership (within the basic leadership model) fosters _____ and ____ within a unit. The balanced leader leads by ______.
Respect / trust / example
Situational leadership model depends on matching the leader's ____ to the ______ of the members of the unit.
Style / maturity
Situational leadership model is based on 4 levels of readiness:
Telling -autocratic approach
Selling -convincing members
Participating -relies on input
Delegating -uses limits set by leader and allows members to determine how the task will be accomplished
The leadership model that's purpose is to make changes for the betterment of others through leadership.
Social change model
The model that is accomplishing a goal based on the relationship between leader, followers, system, and goal.
Alpha leadership model.
Alpha leadership model applies three skills:
Anticipating - anticipates trends and patterns
Acting - applying 80/20 rule (Pareto's Principle); 80% of the effort on 20% of the tasks
The most basic of leadership traits can be summarized in 5 concepts. A good leader:
1. Sees opportunities
2. Identifies challenges
4. Plans for success
5. Builds trust
5 types of power:
The power based on subordinates' perception of the leader's authority to punish.
The possession of control, authority or influence over others:
Organizational authority or position power
Legitimate power is derived from one of three sources:
Acceptance of a social structure
Sanction of a legitimizing agent
To achieve command presence, it is necessary to have the following six personality attributes:
1. Self condfidence