Flashcards in Lesson Plan 10 Search and Rescue Deck (34):
In order for search and rescue operations to be effective, searches must be ____ and ____.
rapid ; thorough
The act of locating, inside a structure, victims who are not able to selfexit.
A rapid and effective search of the fire bldg, either before or during fire suppression operations, for victims who have not exited the bldg.
A thorough and systematic search of the fire bldg, conducted after the primary search, for any victims still in the bldg.
The removal of a victim who cannot self-exit.
The removal of a victim who CAN self exit.
Within ICS, what is the difference between Groups and Divisions
Groups-always responsible for a specific functional assignment
Division-responsible for any task within a defined geographical area (search and rescue, fire attack, check for extension)
What is a critical component of fire scene safety and efficiency?
As a communication tool, what are potential problems using the radio
1. Can provide a false sense of security
2. Sometimes teams are unable to get air time when needed
3. Dead Spots in bldgs block transmissions
4. Potential for being on the wrong TAC channel
What does OATH stand for
Ok - 1 tug on rope
Advance - 2 tugs on rope
Take-up - 3 tugs on rope
Help - 4 tugs on rope
Which coupling is followed to exit
Male coupling - practice reading the coupling with gloves donned
Preparation for _____ ___ _____ begins before any ______ are received
search and rescue; alarms
A great exercise to run through with the crew on a typical EMS run, inspection, or service call is for the _____ to have the _____ guess the location of the _____ as they walk up to the house or business.
officer; crew; stairs
Prior to the alarm (responding), listen to the dispatch and key in on what information is being given. Combine what you hear with what you know, such as:
1. Time of day/Day of week
2. Type of occupancy
4. Weather conditions
Firefighters approaching an emergency scene should employ a process of ______ __ ______ for search and rescue.
reading the building
What are the means to address life safety in an action plan
1. Primary/Secondary Search
2. Fire Extinguishment / Ventilation
3. Determine when Search and Rescue is needed
What are the 3 ways to implement search and rescue when determining if it's needed.
1. Protect the victims in place
2. Provide a means of self evacuation for the victims
3. Locate, protect, and remove unconscious victims
What is the rule of thumb for starting a search
Search as close as possible to the fire, where viable victims may be and then work back towards the non IDLH area
When is the dangers to residential occupants typically the greatest
Between 10pm - 6 am (during sleep)
When searching residential occupancies at night, where do focus on the search for victims
Escape routes from bedrooms to exits
Just short of exits
Behind doors or below windows
In commercial occupancies, occupant loads are greater during what time?
8am - 8pm
Commercial occupants tend to ____ the same way they entered due to ____ or lack of _____.
exit; habit; familiarity
On the fire floor, the primary strategy in search and rescue is to ______ _____ ___ ____
quickly extinguish the fire
What are the 6 search methods?
Wide-open Occupancy Search
Commercial Structure Search
What is the most common type of search method
Which search method can serve as a means of orientation or egress.
Which search method is used to be a guide while searching, maintaining orientation and facilitating egress.
Name the 4 search techniques
Follow the leader
Marking doors and rooms
What are the 3 types of flashlights and their uses for the flashlight sweep search technique
Mag light - for general search
Big beam (orange rechargeable from the rigs) - lighting up exitways
Personal lights - for lighting up the crew
Always conduct a search with a _____ _____ of ______ in mind.
secondary means; escape
Search for adults and children ______. Adults will try to _____and are more likely to be found in ____ _____ and near _____ and _____.
differently; escape; exit paths; doors / windows
Whenever you find an adult, ______ do a _____ ______ sweep ______ them.
ALWAYS; 360 degree; around
Adults will try and _____ and children may _____ from the fire and thus from the searching firefighters.