Lesson Plan 8 Fire Tactics I -Fire Stream Management Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson Plan 8 Fire Tactics I -Fire Stream Management Deck (22):
0

The fundamental role of a paid professional fire department is to _____ ____ and reduce _____ ____

save lives; property loss

1

The basic mission of the Engine Company is to apply water to the ____ __ ___ ____ in coordination with __________, _______, and other fireground activities.

seat of the fire; ventilation; rescue

2

T/F - Many fire officers conclude that tactics and water flow can only be determined by experience.

False

3

There are 14 points the Company Officer should be thinking about enroute to or after arriving on scene:

Location of the fire;
Fire Extension;
Life Hazard;
Time of Day;
Weather;
Construction Type;
Building Height;
Area of Fire Involvement (L X W, as relates to fire flow estimates)
Occupancy;
Access;
Internal Systems;
Water Supply;
Apparatus;
Personnel

4

If the first-in officer is faced with a 'confirmed' rescue situation, the officer will:

-Announce 'Rescue Mode'
-Perform a rapid size-up and risk assessment
-Initiate interior fire attack and rescue, if possible

5

Rescue requires _______ ______; a removal implies _______ the occupants ______ ____ ________ is addressed.

immediate actions; assisting; after fire suppression

6

What is the basic Engine Company job description:

To quickly provide a sustained, adequate fire stream where it is needed.

7

What is the definition of an adequate fire stream

90% of its volume in a 15" diameter and 75%of its volume in a 10" diameter and stiff enough to attain height or distance in a fresh breeze with no wind blowing, enters a window with enough force to splatter the ceiling

8

In the real world, what is an adequate fire stream

Has enough FLOW and REACHES the seat of the fire

9

The seat of the fire is also known as the _____/_____ interface, and becomes critical during fire suppression using _____ __ foam.

fuel/flame; Class A Foam

10

To improve our capabilities, the BFD has purchased equipment and adopted procedures to ensure our companies have the ability to succeed:

-Specifically develop adequate fire streams when and where we need them, we use low pressure nozzles and bulk beds.
-Equipment/Evolutions are designed for deployment by a 3-person engine company

11

What are the low pressure combo nozzle characteristics:

-Single gallonage, constant flow nozzle providing adequate flows at less than 100 psi, creating a more maneuverable line
-Developed by FDs
-Larger droplets; less misting
-More economical

12

List the features of the 1 3/4" nozzle

-Combination breakaway tip
-High Flow control valve
-Fog tip flows 150 gpm at 75 psi
-Remove fog tip, converts to 15/16" solid stream flowing 180 gpm at 50 psi
-Carried on all 1 3/4" hose beds / bundles

13

List 2 1/2" fog nozzle features:

-2 1/2" x 2 1/2"control valve
-2 1/2" to 1 1/2" reducer (no breakaway)
-Combo tip flows 250 gpm at 50 psi
-Transverse and skid loads

14

List the features of the 2 1/2" solid stream nozzle:

-2 1/2" by 2 1/2" control valve
-Stream shaper
-2 1/2" by 1 1/4" solid tip
-Carried on all reverse beds (rear 2 1/2" bulk beds)

15

Fog Attack was originally use for:

-Extinguishing fires in unoccupied, unventilated bldgs
-In the pre-SCBA era
-For shipboard fires

16

In the era since fog attack was developed, FFs have been recognized as people, and therefore may be considered as _________ of a building. In addition, aggressive _______ has counteracted the effects of ______ in this type of attack. The introduction of _____ __ foam and extinguishing agents has further diminished the ______ of a fog combination attack.

occupants; ventilation; steam; Class A; desirability

17

Advantages of a direct fire attack with straight or solid streams

-Better visibility, better work environment
-Bigger droplet size allows more water to be delivered
-More water on fuel/flame interface (seat of fire)
-Less steam, less steam burns to FFs
-Less pushing of fire into uninvolved areas of structure
-Quicker and more definite knockdown

18

Hose design is not geared toward a ____ _____, off the ____ of the apparatus.

quick attack; rear

19

PACT stands for

-Pike Pole, rubbish hook
-Attic ladder
-Chainsaw
-Tarps

20

Fire attack teams should have staffed ______ ____ in place to _____ the _____ of the attack teams and ______ ____ from getting _____ them.

backup lines; protect; egress; prevent fire; behind

21

Discuss the 10 advantages of the current hose beds:

-Designed for easy deployment of 3-member crew
-Multi-Story and large area bldgs require hose stretches longer than 150' preconnects
-Bulk beds meet the need for extended stretches with typical staffing levels
-Focus of getting the first line into operation. Stats show that fire is usually extinguished, or its extension stopped, with the first line laid
-Speed is critical
-Operations centralized to the rear of the engine, keeping the pump panel work area free of obstructions
-Engine can be spotted where it's more tactically correct to do so, vs spotting close for preconnect
-Engine can be spotted on the hydrant when practical to do so
-Quicker deployment if initial attack line
-Quicker overhauling of supply line