Flashcards in Lecture 13 Deck (52)
What did Cosmo unveil as the “world’s most dangerous secret society” in 2001?
Media ___ pro-ana.
What refers to skeletal pictures of women?
Refers to the belief that anorexia, far from the diagnosis as a medical condition, is a condition to aspire to.
Anorexia was first diagnosed in the...
What did anorexia nervosa replace?
Fasting associated with a spiritual discipline.
How was anorexia dealt with in the Victorian era?
Scientific method established anorexia as a nervous disease. Seemed to affect high-born girls from wealthy families.
Anorexia nervosa is established as a ___ category.
What are some treatments for anorexia?
- Normalize eating patterns and body weight.
- Correct any erroneous beliefs the patients may have about food and nutrition.
How would you normalize eating patterns?
Re-feeding. Bringing the patient's body weight up to a point where it's within the normal range, but not so high as to cause the patient anxiety.
What are the three perspectives of anorexia?
- Social science.
Social science perspective of anorexia:
Say that our body image expectations are causing these women to be anorexic. Influence of media.
Pro-ana experience of anorexia:
Often acknowledge the scientific approach, and may also explain the social science perspective. It is also experiential and aspirational, and contributes to a positive sense of self. Describe it as a means to enable them to get control over their lives.
Contradiction of Anorexia
Two competing feelings, one of insecurity about their bodies and the other of tremendous vanity, because they are attempting to achieve this ideal beauty they’ve conceptualized in their minds.
One of the most notable features of pro-ana. Include photos of thin celebrities and models. Provide encouragement to sustain low weight in the face of social pressures.
How do groups react to the congruity between Thinspiration and Western standards of feminine beauty?
To social sciences, this is a sign that they are trying to conceptualize a Western standard of beauty. However, pro-ana members describe this as a comfort more than an attempt to emulate this type of beauty.
MPA poses as a recovery site, but part of it is encouraging anorexia.
What are the consequences of young people visiting sites like MPA?
Young people exposed to sites like this are more likely to be driven to be anorexic, and are also likely to have negative perceptions of their appearance.
Many pro-ana members are ___ to the idea of recovery.
What is the goal of pro-ana?
Main goal is the safe management of their anorexia.
What do pro-ana sites do?
Offers support in a non-judgemental way, rather than the politically correct approach. Allows members to play out routines/rituals that provide comfort for their challenging lives, and provide comfort in flailing difficult lives and circumstances.
Difference between pro-ana and regular anorexic people that is most worrisome for medical professionals and parents:
Refusal to seek treatment.
Describe how Anorexia is hard to treat:
Has one of the highest mortality rates of all psychiatric illnesses. 50% make recovery, and remainder developing chronic condition.
What is some insight that the pro-ana movement provides?
- Contradictory standpoint.
Contradictory standpoint in the pro-ana movement:
On one hand, women and girls idolize and attempt to represent ideals of feminine beauty. Photographs of women and girls inspire them, and they feel as though they have not achieved the ideal. However, as punishments for failure, they renew their regime.
Resistance in the pro-ana movement:
Members of the community resists the threat go therapy and hospitalization.
Empowerment in the pro-ana movement:
Women get to see their anorexic identity outside of a medical context.
What is a consequence of women having eating disorders more than men?
It has been painted as a "woman's issue." This feminized view of eating disorders predisposes doctors to overlook diagnoses in men.