Flashcards in Lecture 7 Deck (41):
Alterations in thinking, mood, or behaviour, usually associated with significant distress and imparted functioning.
Mental disorders affect the majority of Canadians. True or false?
__% of us have mental disorder.
Why is mental illness curious to sociologists?
Gender, socioeconomic status, and age all affect mental disorders.
Which mental disorders are more common among women?
Depression and anxiety.
Which mental disorders are more common among men?
Substance abuse, antisocial personality disorder, conduct disorders.
Less than ___ the patients with depression are likely to be diagnosed with depression.
What makes it difficult to study mental illness and gender?
Help-seeking amongst genders, also, stereotypes.
Women are more likely to be diagnosed to be ___ than men, and men are more likely to be diagnosed with substance abuse.
The lower the socioeconomic status, the ___ the rate of mental illness.
Social Causation Hypothesis
There are greater stressors and fewer resources for the lower classes, and this contributes to the development of mental disorders.
Social Selection Hypothesis
People with mental disorders are more likely to slide into the lower classes due to impairments in daily functioning.
Mental illness is most common with ___ and ___ ___.
Adolescents and young adults.
Why does scholarship mostly focus on women's issues?
Result of necessary attempt to make women’s experiences matter.
What is the result of scholarship mostly focusing on women's issues?
Stereotypically feminine disorders like depression and anxiety lead to men being omitted from discussion.
What are 2 findings that show up across the board for mental health gender research?
- Men and women have equal rates of disorder overall.
- Men and women tend to experience different kinds of psychiatric illnesses?
Girls and women have higher rates of ___ disorders (like depression and anxiety). Inward focus.
Boys and men are more likely to have ___ troubles. Outward directed. Aggressive behaviour, substance use, oppositional defiant disorder, ADD, and APD.
Why is it said that there is a silent epidemic for men who get depression?
- Clinicians are less likely to diagnose men with depression and anxiety.
- Less likely to be empathetic and less likely to rely on intimate partners.
- Masculinity is a problem in this regard.
- Men often hide psychological problems. Reluctant to discuss symptoms.
___ have weaker social relationships, and their friendship circles are less diverse and smaller.
What predisposes men to externalizing disorders?
- Unlikely to use mental health resources as they believe in the masculine "suck it up" narrative.
- Have weaker social relationships. Friendship circles are less diverse, smaller.
- Unlikely to confide in someone.
Those with mental illness have lower levels of:
- Lower levels of educational attainment.
- Lower incomes.
- Low employment rates.
Those with mental illness have higher rates of:
- Higher rates of physical illness.
- Greater family instability.
Why is it that 1/3 of people with mental illnesses never get treated?
- Fear or stigmatization.
- Stigmatization contributes to lack of funding.
Why might stereotypes be worse among mental health professionals?
They see people with mental illness when they are at their worst.
How does the media have an impact on people's perception of mental illness?
- Characters with mental health issues are portrayed negatively. Violent, or at-risk for engaging in violent outbursts.
- Media representations influence the public. Public’s perceptions of mental illness is associated with stereotypes.
People stigmatize themselves. They are incurable.
Medicalization in the 19th Century
People put in asylums, and re-trained to conform to society’s norms.
Medicalization in the20th Century
It was more scientifically informed. Various medication. Insane asylums were transformed to psychiatric hospitals.
Treatment of mental illness today:
We have combination of medical and psychosocial supports.
- Under this process, people are treated in the community rather than within institutions.
- This is mostly good, but people have also fallen through the cracks, getting no treatment at all.
Requirements for deinstitutionalization:
- Support of family network.
- Accepting community.
- Adequate community resources.
- Place to live in community.
Hydraulic relationship between ___ ___ system and ___ ___ system.
Mental health, criminal justice.
Finding middle ground between institutionalization and deinstitutionalization. We want to reduce the risk for individuals who have fallen through the cracks with deinstitutionalization.
ADHD is over-diagnosed in ___ ___.
Bipolar disorder was previously viewed as an ___ condition.
Soft Bipolar Spectrum Disorder
- No full-blown symptoms, but something is going on with mood.
- You can move from depression to mania very quickly.
Why is bipolar disorder romanticized?
Many people romanticize this disorder. Genius and creativity associated with mental illness.
The genius in bipolar disorder is most obvious with:
Manic thinking. Combinatorial.
Ability to combine ideas or categories of thought in order to form new and original connections.